Before turning to the question of what is the prospect, the first thing worth to pay attention - this is the meaning.It comes from the Latin «perspicere», in translation - "see clearly".This expression is used both to refer to a better future for the person or the situation, and to display the depth in the visual arts.Principles of understanding the second option were laid by the architect Brunelleschi from Italy.Since the end of the XV century microscope image resulting in visual distortion of magnitude and scope, as well as the shadow is called perspective.In other words, the prospect in the picture conveys objective image in real visual perception.
Related term in the fine art - "Horizon".In the visual arts this concept is not something new.As always, the true horizon is called the visual line of contact of the Earth (or sea) to the sky.An important aspect to this term in the figure is the location of the horizon at eye level.
simple understanding of the outline of objects in the long term is st
term "vanishing point" refers to the place where all distant from us a line parallel to the horizon.It should be noted that if one looks at the cube 90 degrees (one of its sides) then this side is not susceptible to reduction perspective (since all its plane is at the same distance from our eyes).If you turn the cube to us one of the faces, the prospective reduction will be exposed once the two sides.In this case, the vanishing point has two.
object can be on the horizon, as under or over it.Horizon - a conditional line is a subject that is closer (in the foreground) - larger.Accordingly, it covers a part of the horizon.
continue to consider this on the subject of cubic or elongated shape, if the object is on the horizon, it comes into contact with it.As shown in the figure, we can see a top, a bottom side as well as two further.We should also note another point: bringing the object to the foreground, you can see that the vanishing point closer to each other, while making the line steeper descent.Accordingly, distancing - the opposite.If the object of the linear horizon, visible sides three compounds vanishing points, as before, two.
What is the prospect of how to transfer it to the figure, unconsciously understood by many.Having clarified the notion of "perspective" in the picture, everyone can more competently transmit the location and scale of objects in space, such as the location of the cabinet after repair or windows in the annex to his own home.
further analyze how to draw perspective to complex objects.According to the principle of the above, all protruding corners (details) rule applies: the object is below the horizon, the vanishing point is closer and steeper angles of descent.Another important aspect for drawing room: the horizon for one object, but vanishing points for each object in the figure may be two (on one line, strictly for the composition).
So, we understand that such a prospect, but for the complete transfer of ideas about what they saw, we need another tool - a shadow.To do this, we identify the source of the light, and then find the cheapest bottom corners of the structure.Extend the line of descent angle to the edges of the picture and its distance from the design to reduce the intensity of the shadows wake.The farther away the object from the horizon and the light source, the shadows are longer.
Be creative and enjoy your creation!