What is the fresco, its history and the present

article will be interesting for those who want to know what the mural and the role played by this type of art in the history of architecture and culture in the development of human civilization.

Fresco - is the art of decorating the walls and ceilings by applying a colored pattern on the still damp plaster using water colors.In this technique, the binder and the ground substance acts as one and the same material - lime.With this paint well kept, not showering.

What mural, well known even in ancient times.Their feature was the fact that the end of painting polished heated wax.The need to initiate and complete the mural to dry lime forced the artist to work in a very fast pace.Therefore, if it was necessary to create a large mural painting, the work on it a few artists.At the same time they must have had professional experience, because in addition to high speed drawing, it was necessary to have a strong hand confident and clear view of the entire composition as a whole, since everyone had to work

only over a part of it.If it were necessary corrections, then this part of the image, along with a layer of lime cut and apply a new layer of mortar.

The fresco technique performed almost all the ancient monuments of monumental painting.The ancestors knew what frescoes.To this day preserved wall paintings of Pompeii, painting on the walls of Christian catacombs, monuments of Romanesque, Byzantine and ancient Russian monumental fresco art.

The interior ancient architecture defines the value of purchased walls and windows.Knowing what a mural of their lavishly decorated with a beautiful painting on wet plaster and mosaic (according to the wishes of our customers - the rich slum dwellings, and in ancient times seeking for comfort).Because of this it became widely known special "Pompeian" style of painting on wet lime.The fashion for luxury floor and wall decoration and preserved medieval interior.Popular trend of transition from century to century, so it is not surprising that during the Renaissance people knew what a mural.The tradition of decorating their interiors are not extinguished.

For each new era beauty and splendor, wealth and quality of design houses were important.One has only to recall the famous fresco bedroom in the palace of the Duke Ludovico Gonzaga in Mantua.His world-famous fresco cycle of the early Renaissance master Andrea Mantegna devoted owner of the palace, the ruler of Mantua.The artist depicted scenes from his life.

It is of particular importance acquired wall fresco in the ornate palace of the Renaissance.Splendor decoration buildings is not an order to the house a unique way of furniture, but at the expense frescoed ceiling, walls and floor of the house.

Today, with the help of frescoes adorn the interiors of both private homes and public buildings.Nowadays, the mural acquired extraordinary relevance, popularity and even prestige, especially those it views as an art ceiling paintings and murals, replacing the painting.