Solzhenitsyn "One day of Ivan Denisovich."

Solzhenitsyn's story "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich" was created in 1959.The author wrote it in between work on the novel "The First Circle".In just 40 days the Solzhenitsyn "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich."The analysis of this work - the theme of this article.

Theme works

reader acquainted with the story of life in the camp area of ​​the Russian peasant.However, the subject of the work to the camp life can not be reduced.In addition to the details of survival in the zone, "One Day ..." contains the details of life in the village, described through the prism of consciousness hero.In the story of Turin, foreman, - evidence of the consequences which resulted in the collectivization in the country.In the various debates that are interconnected camp intellectuals discussed the various phenomena of Soviet art (theatrical premiere of Yuri Zavadsky, the film "Ivan the Terrible" Eisenstein).In connection with the fate of his comrades in the camp Shukhov mentioned many details of the histo

ry of the Soviet period.

theme of the fate of Russia is the main theme of creativity of a writer like Solzhenitsyn."One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich", the analysis of which we are concerned, is no exception.There are local, private threads organically inscribed in this general problem.In this regard, the theme of the fate of art in a country with a totalitarian regime.For example, artists from the camp free picture written to the authorities.Art of the Soviet era, according to Solzhenitsyn, was part of the overall apparatus of oppression.Episode Shukhov thought about producing colored "carpet" village handicraftsmen supported motive degradation of art.

plot story

topicality of the story is a story, which was created by Solzhenitsyn ("One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich").The analysis shows that although the story events lasting basis is only one day, predlagernuyu biography of the hero to present allow his memories.Born Ivan Shukhov in 1911.He ran in the village Temgenevo their pre-war years.In his family - two daughters (one son died young).Shukhov is the war from its first days.He was wounded and then taken prisoner, where he managed to escape.In 1943 Shukhov was convicted of "treason" on false charges.He served at the time the action scene 8 years.The action of the product takes place in Kazakhstan, convict camp.One January day in 1951, Solzhenitsyn described ("One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich").

analysis of the characters works

Although most of the characters depicted by the author laconic means, Solzhenitsyn has been made in the image of their plastic expression.We see raznotsvete individuals, a wealth of human types in the work "One Day of Ivan Denisovich".The heroes of the story are represented succinctly, but it remains in the memory of the reader.The writer sometimes enough to do only one or two pieces, expressive sketches.Solzhenitsyn (author's photo is shown below) is sensitive to national, professional and social class specificity of human characters he created.

relationships between the characters are subject to a strict hierarchy in a work camp, "One day of Ivan Denisovich."Summary of the entire prison life of the protagonist, represented in one day leads to the conclusion that between the camp authorities and inmates - an insurmountable gap.Notably absent in this tale of names, and sometimes the names of a plurality of guards and supervisors.The individuality of these characters appears only in the forms of violence, as well as in the degree of ferocity.On the contrary, despite the homogenizing numbering system, many of the prisoners in the hero's mind there are the names, and sometimes a patronymic.This suggests that they have retained the individuality.Although this certificate does not apply to so-called informers, nitwits and wicks, described in "One Day of Ivan Denisovich".The heroes of these also do not have names.On the whole, Solzhenitsyn tells about how the system tries unsuccessfully to turn people into parts of the totalitarian machine.Particularly important in this respect, except for the main character, the images of Turin (team leader), Paul (his assistant) Buinovska (kavtorang), and the Latvian Baptist Aleshki Kilgasa.

The protagonist

In the work "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich," the image of the main character is very remarkable.Solzhenitsyn made them ordinary man, a Russian peasant.Although obviously "exceptional" circumstances are of camp life, the writer in his hero deliberately understated exterior accents, a "normal" behavior.In the opinion of Solzhenitsyn, the fate of the country depends on the innate morality and the natural resistance of the common man.The Shukhov important - indestructible inner dignity.Ivan Denisovich, even waiting on their more educated solagernikam, age-old peasant habits do not change yourself and do not drop.

very important in the characterization of the hero of his work Dexterity: Shukhov managed to get her comfortable with a trowel;to cast spoons later, he hides pieces of aluminum wire;He machined folding knife and expertly hoard it.Further, seemingly insignificant details of the existence of the hero, his demeanor, a kind of peasant etiquette, personal habits - all this in the context of the story gets the value of property, which allows you to save in difficult conditions in the human person.Shukhov, for example, always wakes up 1.5 hours before the divorce.He himself belongs to these morning moments.It is important to the hero this time, the actual freedom also because you can earn.

"Cinematic" compositional techniques

One day in this product contains a bunch of human destiny, squeeze out of his life.It is impossible not to notice a high degree of detail: every fact in the story is divided into smaller components, most of which is supplied closeup.The author uses "cinematic" compositional techniques.He scrupulously unusually closely monitors the way before leaving the barracks his character wears or eats up small fish skeleton, got into the soup.Separate "frame" is awarded in the story even a seemingly insignificant detail of gastronomic as fish eyes, floating in the broth.In this you will see by reading the work of "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich."The content of the chapters of this story a careful reading allows you to find many such examples.

term "deadline"

It is important that the text works with each other closer together, sometimes becoming almost synonymous terms such as "day" and "life."This convergence is carried out by the author of the concept of "time" in a universal story.Term - a punishment meted out a prisoner and at the same time internal rules of life in prison.In addition, the most important of all, is synonymous with human destiny and a reminder of the latter, the most important period of his life.Temporary designation thereby acquire the product in a deep moral and psychological overtones.


The place is also very significant.Hostile space camp prisoners, particularly dangerous are the exposed areas.Prisoners in a hurry to cross as soon as possible between the rooms.They are afraid to be caught in this place in a hurry to whisk under the protection of the barracks.In contrast to those who love the distance and expanse of the heroes of Russian literature, Shukhov other prisoners dream of a crowded shelter.For them, the barracks is home.

What was the one day of Ivan Denisovich?

Feature Shukhov spent one day just is given by the author in the work.Solzhenitsyn revealed that on this day in the life of the main character was a success.Thinking about it, the author notes that the hero does not put in a punishment cell, not fired on Sotsmistechko brigade, he zakosil porridge at lunch, the foreman closed protsentovku well.Shukhov put wall fun, did not rise to Shmona with a hacksaw, evening earn Caesar and bought some tobacco.The protagonist also got sick.Passed unalloyed day, "almost happy".This is in the work "One Day of Ivan Denisovich," a summary of its main events.The final words of the author's sound as epic calm.He said that these days it was in the time Shukhov 3653 - 3 extra days to bid up because of the leap years.

Solzhenitsyn has refrained from open displays of emotion and big words: pretty, and that the reader any relevant sense.This guaranteed a harmonious formation of the story about the power and force of human life.


Thus, in his work "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich" issues were raised very topical at the time.Solzhenitsyn reproduces the main features of the era when the incredible hardship and flour was doomed people.The history of this phenomenon does not begin in 1937, marked the first violations of Party and state life, but much earlier, since the beginning of Russia's totalitarian regime.In the product thus presented clot fate of many Soviet people who were forced to pay the price for years of torment, humiliation, the camps for dedicated and honest service.The author of the novel "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich" raised these issues to the reader to think about the nature of the observed phenomena in the society, and made for themselves any conclusions.The writer does not moralize, not calling for something, it only describes the reality.Artwork from it only wins.