Features of Chekhov's plays briefly: "The Cherry Orchard", "The Seagull", "Uncle Vanya"

features Chekhov's plays were noted as innovative by many artists.VI Nemirovich-Danchenko and Stanislavsky first seen in the dramatic movement of the plays of Chekhov "undercurrent" that is what is happening behind the external commonplace hides a continuous inner intimate lyrical flow.They made every effort to bring a fresh interpretation of Chekhov's plays to the audience.For example, the drama "The Cherry Orchard", "The Seagull", "Uncle Vanya" we consider the artistic originality of the works of this author.

Description life

features Chekhov's plays can be easily seen on one of his most famous plays - "The Cherry Orchard."Its main principle was to overcome the theatrical conventions of traditional theater for works of the XVIII century.We know that Chekhov sought to ensure that the scene had everything in life.For example, at the heart of "The Cherry Orchard" is the most ordinary event - the sale of the estate for the debts of a country, not a choice between duty and feeling, tearing the soul o

f the character is not the fatal collision of peoples and kings, heroes and villains.Playwright completely abandoned the outer entertaining plot in favor of simple and unpretentious event, seeking to prove that the daily state of the hero no less conflictual.

Ambiguous characters

features Chekhov's plays (10 class studying this topic in detail) are observed in the description of the characters.For example, in the play "The Cherry Orchard" No convinced scoundrel or villain.Merchant LOPAKHIN buying master's estate for the debts, - a man and a sensitive soul.He has not forgotten how warm Ranevskaya treated him since childhood.From a pure heart, and he asks her to help rescue Gaev estate - offers a garden on the individual country sites.Also, without a second thought, he gives love Andreyevna in debt, probably knowing that she did not return.However, it LOPAKHIN buys the property and gives the order to cut down the cherry trees, without waiting for the departure of the old masters.However, he does not even realize how much pain it causes Ranevskaya and Gaev.The merchant, however, recalled with admiration the beauty of the poppy fields on which he was able to earn 40 thousand.The nature of this hero get on low and high, the desire for beauty and greed, cruelty and noble impulses.Your relationship with him in the audience develops contradictory.But in real life it is not found absolutely good or bad people.Maximum accuracy of the characters - that's another feature of Chekhov's plays.

«undercurrent»

In his works Chekhov completely refuses from some theatrical techniques.For example, it excludes the bulk monologues, as people in everyday life they do not say.Features of Chekhov's plays in "The Cherry Orchard" demonstrate this.Instead of deliberately remarks "towards" the author uses a special psychological technique that Nemirovich-Danchenko and christened overtones or "undercurrent."First of all, it is a "double sound" of each character, ie ambiguity of his character.An example of such "sound" can serve as a description of the nature proposed above Lopakhin.In addition, Chekhov in a special dialogue builds his characters, that is, makes it so that the audience can understand what the characters are thinking during the discussion of domestic issues.Talk Lopakhin and Varya in the fourth act - a sample of such an ambiguous explanation.They want to talk about their feelings for each other, but they talk about other things.Varya looking for some object, and LOPAKHIN shares his plans for the coming winter.As a result, a declaration of love between the characters and does not occur.

significant pause

features Chekhov's plays are endless.While most dramas characters are revealed through their behavior, then Chekhov they manifest themselves in the experience.It is therefore important to track in his plays "undercurrent."Conventional pause filled with deep meaning in them.For example, after a failed explanation between Varya and Lopakhin character is alone and crying.When enters the room Ranevskaya, then asks her one question: "What?" After all, the tears can be caused both joy and sorrow.Between interlocutor hangs pause.LUBOV understands everything without explanation and begins to rush to leave.Or, in the last act Trofimov Peter embarks on a discussion of his good fortune and says that "Humanity is moving towards the higher truth, to the supreme happiness that is possible on the ground, and I'm in the front row!" In a sarcastic question Ermolai Alekseevicha "Doydёsh? "Peter responds confidently:" Doydu.(Pause) Doydu or specify another path is reached. "This silence between phrases indicating that the hero does not feel the irony of his companion and says quite seriously.

Remarks

features Chekhov's plays (briefly, of course, describe all the nuances of difficult enough) are in active use, seemingly minor theatrical techniques - copyright remarks, recording characters.For example, in the first action of "The Cherry Orchard", the author describes in detail the scenery - the room where all the expected arrival LUBOV.Particular attention in this remark is given to the garden, which is seen from the window - its trees covered with snow-white flowers.The viewer and the reader once there is a sad feeling that all this splendor will soon die.A remark, anticipating a second action, contained a remark that can be seen from the garden outside the city and telegraph poles.In addition to direct value, this scenery has a symbolic meaning - the new age dictates its orders, and there is no place for cherry orchard."Noble Nest" Ranevskayas-Gaeva will certainly be destroyed.

Sounds Sounds play in the works of Chekhov's role.Features of Chekhov's drama on the example of the play "The Cherry Orchard" point directly at it.Sad Waltz playing the ball, which, contrary to all logic, arrange in afternoon trading LUBOV;knock balls for billiards, reminiscent of the favorite pastime Gaeva;rattle of a broken string, irretrievably broken the charm and tranquility of a summer evening.It is so amazing Ranevskaya that she immediately begins to go home.Although Guys and LOPAKHIN immediately provide an explanation of significant unpleasant sound (cry of a bird, an open bucket in the mine), LUBOV perceives it differently.She believes that the gnashing of broken strings indicates the completion of her former life.Of course, the symbolic is the sound of an ax at the end of the play: the beauty of the land - the cherry orchard - would be ruined by order of Lopakhin.

Details

The details appear particularly expressive features of Chekhov's plays.On stage Varya always appears in a dark dress with a bunch of keys at his belt.When the ball Ermolai A. announces that bought the estate, it is defiantly throwing his keys LOPAKHIN feet.Thus, it shows that he pays the entire economy.A sad symbol of the end of an era manor Russia serves as the final piece: all leave the house, Ermolai A. locks the front door until the spring, and from the back room there is a sick old servant Firs, which lies on the sofa and freezes.All becomes clear that with the last guardian of his fades manorial Russia.

«Weakened" plot

Not all contemporary authors were able to assess the particular drama of Anton Chekhov.Especially criticized the insufficient expressive plot in his works.Before Chekhov story of the play was based, as a rule, on one external conflicts.Through the event, built on collision a few characters, it defines the essence of the work.For example, "Woe from Wit" the action is based on the contradictions between Chatsky and the surrounding "famusovskogo society."Traditional conflict decides the fate of the actors, it demonstrates the victory of one over the other characters.Things are quite different in Chekhov's plays.Main event (sale of the estate for the debts) are generally relegated to the background.Featureless plot of this work hardly divided into the usual supporting elements (the climax, denouement, and so on. D.).The pace of the action is constantly slowed down, and the drama of the scenes is very weakly interacting with each other.

Features drama of Anton Chekhov (Grade 10 literature lessons deeply enough acquainted with the work of the writer) are as deep psychology of his creations.The author does not seek to show an external clash of heroes, replacing it with an internal conflict situations unpleasant for his characters.Contradictions are developing in the souls of the characters and do not lie in the battle for the name (it does not take place), and the incompatibility of dreams and reality, dissatisfaction with the characters themselves and the world around them.Therefore, the end of the play we do not see the triumphant Lopakhin, and the unfortunate man who cries in grief, "Oh, would rather have it all went rather would change somehow our awkward, unhappy life."In Chekhov's works is not the main characters, and the blame for what is happening lies on each one.In the plays of Chekhov are equally important and central characters and background.

unusual genre in the Genre originality as the peculiarities of Chekhov's plays."The Cherry Orchard" - a lyrical work, however, and in it the author has managed to weave comic elements.M. Gorky called this play "a new drama," which combines the tragic pathos (sorry about the death of the cherry orchard and the collapse of the fate of some of the characters), and comic overtones (explicit - in the description of the image of Charlotte, Simeon-Pishchik, Epikhodov and so on. Etc..; veiled - in characters Lopakhin Gaeva, Ranevskaya, and so on. d.).Externally, the passive heroes, but their inertia is hiding inside a complex action-reflection.

«The Seagull»

All the features of Chekhov's plays were briefly presented us the example of just one product - the drama "The Cherry Orchard."This is the last play of Anton Pavlovich, in which he summed up his artistic achievements.However, all of the above applies to other works by the author.For example, a disturbing penetrated vexation of spirit "Seagull" Chekhov somehow called comedy.This puzzle playwright still excites the minds of researchers, but who will argue with the fact that he is a master of creating the sad comedies?Anton Pavlovich could extract poetry from the very unsettled life and compose unusual in its genre affiliation work.Just as in "The Cherry Orchard" in the play "The Seagull" is not the central characters.All the characters in it are equal, the side and the main destinies does not exist, therefore the main actor in it.The name of this piece is very symbolic.Seagull, the author's opinion, represents a disturbing flight, the rush into the distance, the stimulus movement.In this drama there is a banal story, it is revealed broad topic of bitter dissatisfaction with his fate, the dream of a better life.But the meaning of this play is brought to viewers through ordinary, everyday details that have deep meaning, it is the "undercurrent."These are the features of Chekhov's plays."The Seagull" - a typical product of this author.

«Uncle Vanya»

This is yet another innovative product of Chekhov.It also pronounced features Chekhov's plays."Uncle Vanya" - a play in which the author does not focus on the external contradictions between the characters and their inner experiences.Household weekdays here are the sole source of conflict.There is nothing tragic in the fate of Chekhov's characters do not occur, but they are not satisfied with their lives.Some spend their days in idleness lazy, others - in impotent rage, the third - in the gloom.The established way of life makes people worse than it could be.Dr. ASTROFF vulgarized, Wynn angry at the whole world, Serebryakov - ignominiously degraded.All they have become callous and indifferent towards each other and, most importantly, to themselves.Their life is meaningless and useless.And who is to blame?As always, Chekhov - all at once.The responsibility lies with each character.

Conclusion To sum up, I want to explain all the features of Chekhov's plays on items:

  1. Almost all the works of the author are built on a detailed description of the way of life through which readers and viewers to hear the particular characters, feelings, moods heroes.
  2. In the story of Chekhov's plays no bright dramatic events, the main source of conflict - the inner feelings of the characters.
  3. characters in the works of Chekhov mixed, each of them has positive and negative traits.
  4. dialogues in the works of the author are often composed of fragmentary meaningful phrases that transmit life being actors.
  5. Remarks, sounds, symbolic details are of great importance in the plays of Chekhov.
  6. playwright Anton Pavlovich different genre originality.The dramatic events in it are interwoven with comic overtones, making it an image of events in a safe and reliable.

Now that you know all about the features of dramatic skill APChekhov.His work on the right is a gold fund of world classics.