According to the memoirs of contemporaries, Chekhov called written in 1894, the story "Student" most favorite of all his works.The writer made it at the age of 34 years.This article presents Chekhov's story "Student", an analysis of its ideological and artistic features.The product even by the standards of Chekhov's prose can be called a brief.Its author, once said that "brevity - the sister of talent."By the volume of slightly more than 3 pages of Chekhov's story takes a "student."Analysis of it, however, shows that the product leaves the impression of completeness and artistic excellence.
Events in the works of Chekhov
impossible to fully explain and understand the essence of beauty.We can only come closer to understanding.The impression of Chekhov's plays and stories often.They like nothing is happening.But it seems apparent.We should go, in fact, of the special nature of the event in the artistic world of the author.This event is often invisible.It takes place in the soul, in the mind of the h
about such event - the Chekhov's story "Student".Analysis shows that the product of a transition character pieces from one state to another mental opposite.
very clear and simple composition looks divisible by 3 part of the story.First - the original perception of the world and the mood of Ivan.Then - a meeting on the "widow gardens" as an impetus to change.And in the end product - a new attitude to the world and a new mood.In the final and the initial part of the story you will notice the use of similar syntax: "I think that ...", "it seemed to him that ...".This roll-story building gives even greater clarity.
Chekhov - "Pushkin's prose"
For brevity and apparent simplicity of the deepest unfolding vistas and horizons that can be found by reading Chekhov's story "Student".Analyzing the work of this author, Leo Tolstoy is no accident called the Chekhov "Pushkin's prose."As Alexander first in Russian literature has developed the language of poetry, which became available to all, including the most subtle movements of the soul and the laws of the universe, and Chekhov in Russian language prose has completed such a search.
Review of the "students" can include Chekhov's observation that in the stories of Anton Chekhov story called conjoint.He merged with the landscape everyday sketches.And then, and more receptive mood permeated the hero.And that is not just perceived nature responds to life around him, but at the same time may think about connection times, to think about the laws of life, the ways of mankind.Extremely capacious, rich picture of the world turns out in the end.At the same time it is presented in a small space - just as in the lyric poem, created by the best Russian poets.
original mood of the protagonist
Mood Ivan Wielkopolska, the hero of the story, at first - this feeling of hostility, insecurity of the universe and of life around him.If you look closely, you will notice that in the first paragraph there are three elements, the three elements.This is a story of life and nature.They determine the worldview of the protagonist.In nature, it overcomes the spring cold, in everyday life - longing, ignorance, hunger and desperate poverty;in Russian history - bad infinity, because "these horrors were, are and will be."
Organization of time in the story
close attention being paid to the author of the organization in the story time is evident at once.This combination of its various dimensions in which the event occurs.In their lives, each time the above three elements.Evening in nature gives way to night, the winter should change the spring, but winter takes the better of her, and it is a sign of disharmony prevails in nature.In everyday life, at home and their time measurements: before the upcoming holiday - the post, and such a life normal state of hunger is only amplified and prolonged.Time in history is moving in a vicious circle.Ivan seems that nothing will change the fact that it will take 1,000 years.
All these areas overlap time in the consciousness of the protagonist, who created Chekhov ("Student").The general gloomy mood, feelings of despair, hopelessness, depression occur at their intersection.
Ivan tells the story of the women of the Gospel
But Ivan casually acquainted with the work in the garden two women.Something - whether a desire to be warmed by this communication, whether the similarity of the environment, fire dark spring night - makes the protagonist to speak and tell the story of the widows of the Gospel, came to his memory.She goes on Chekhov's story "Student".A brief retelling of this story is: it says that, just as in the cold spring night a fire the Apostle Peter showed weakness.He decided to renounce his teacher Jesus, who was very fond of, and immediately regretted it.However, what the woman said Ivan - this is not preaching, not teaching.In his story, Peter appears ordinary man, which is characterized by the ability to repent, and weakness.In this tradition, and in the way it tells the young man joined the beauty and truth of fine words and human emotions, simple and eternal.
reaction of women to the story
Next comes what can be called a small miracle.Illiterate, simple woman so natural and lively respond to the story of Ivan, as though (the protagonist makes the inference) everything that happened 19 centuries ago in that terrible night have to do with their lives, to themselves a direct relationship.In response to the story of Ivan the old woman began to cry, and her daughter, a village peasant woman beaten by her husband, is also expressed in his own self-pity.In this - its own beauty and its own truth: people understood each other, experienced similar feelings, responded to the same fine.So, not only poverty, darkness, hunger and cold "were, are and will be," but the feeling of truth and beauty that connects people.This idea holds in a story by Anton Chekhov.Student clearly convinced of this.
Another time measurement
Here Ivan opens and takes the story one more time measurement.It is fine and from the historical and from domestic and from the natural.This is the eternal law and eternal time, which are relevant to all people.They then sent a person's life, 19 (now 20) centuries ago, and up until now the main thing on the earth and in human life.Feel the eternal time, notice an unbroken chain of communication that exists between the times - means to find yourself on the disharmony of nature, history and everyday life, to feel that the laws of being timeless.
image of fire in the product
So, by the end of the story expands the horizon, as if the consciousness of the hero gets some light.The image of the fire, the light passes through the product, tying 3 part.Fire is mentioned in the beginning of the story.He lit the widow of the gardens by the river.However, the distant fire (its source, we still do not know) can not disperse the evening mist.It only emphasizes the dark and deserted place, which is Ivan.This fire is not reassuring, but only increases the despair of the protagonist.
Already we have seen near the fire in the second half, when the fire describes Anton Chekhov ("Student").He lights up now, it warms the hands of the protagonist of the work.However, the fire Ivan reminiscent of another, which is described in the eternal book.The two ends of a chain linking at all times people seemed evangelical hero fire and the fire, he had seen the widow gardens.
fire at the beginning of the third part refers to the last Chekhov.When the student looked around campfire flickered quietly and alone in the dark.Beside him it was out of sight of people.The fire remained the same.But the vision is enriched with additional fire, special meaning.He separated from his particular source.Now it's not like the material fire and illuminated the mind of Ivan that lit up the main character works the way forward.It is a symbol, but not artificial, and, as in other works of Chekhov, of course, and naturally growing out of everyday life, of life itself.
new mood Ivan
joy, light ends the story.It seems that nothing has changed for the evening either in history or in the home or in nature.However, in the human soul event occurred.Full of energy young men consciousness binder century beauty and truth given the opportunity to see the world differently, to overcome despair and despondency.Now the student life seems full of lofty meaning, the wonderful and delicious.
It just seems he or she is really the case?What we wanted to show Chekhov ("Student")?The theme works - change of feelings one young man (a student of 22 years), or enduring, eternal laws of existence?From the story should not be a clear answer.Chekhov said that giving advice is not the case of the artist.Its mission is to raise questions.This should be considered by analyzing the product of "Student" Chekhov.It is important to have the right set of questions of why and how there is our attitude towards life and worldview.Not only has disharmony and horrors in the world.It is possible to find beauty and truth.And sometimes hopelessness and despair give way to hope and joy.