What people associate with the word "fable"?Surely emerge surname Krylov vaguely remembered something about a monkey with sunglasses who have better memory, he would call and Aesop.However, the genre of fables much more interesting and much older.Therefore, we believe that in the past people have asked how to formulate a conclusion in the fable.In turn, we in our note will try to answer this question.
From ancient times, the children (and some adults, too) require an explanation: why be afraid of steep cliffs, why it is necessary to listen to the rustling in the bushes near the cave, why should we listen to adults, and a thousand different "why" and "why."People need strong, simple and clear examples.But morals in this case should be avoided notation generally cause only disgust.Why is that?Because nobody likes to edification, because it always smells of reproach and accusation.But the invented story of the specific conclusions that even a child would believe, is quite suitable.
and adults with its examples of no confidence is not a parent in the eyes of a child - is "prohibitive sign", and yet the world is so large and interesting.
The child does not know that a ban on concealed parental care, he thinks like this: "What if they do it out of spite?" And yet triggered some belief in his own invincibility, they say, so with me something anything just do not happen.
Do not worry, dear readers, this information is of direct relevance to the answer to the question of how to formulate a conclusion in the fable.And we move further into our discussion
Why fable as good as a tool for education
same fable or her relatives (a parable or a fairy tale) kills three birds with rhinestones.
- avoids didacticism.
- tells the fascinating stories.
- and gives the child the first lessons in morality.
sometimes morale is placed at the beginning of the story, to emphasize the elegance and wit of the author.When expounded are already known, the problem of the narrator is just the novelty of the plot and the beauty of a syllable.
Now you can easily answer the question of how to formulate a conclusion in the fable.He served in the form of morality, which is usually light and unobtrusive, but the moral lessons of fables are remembered for a lifetime.
However, the Russian-speaking reader the word "fable" necessarily associated with a poetic form.
Aesop and Phaedrus
Originally the story was prosaic morality.Aesop and Phaedrus (known fabulists antiquity) create small stories with a very instructive conclusion.Their listeners and viewers do not even have time to think, "What the conclusion formulated in a fable?" At the same time they waiting to hear the last word, morality works for them became self-evident.
works of Aesop and Phaedrus were so new and so much impressed contemporaries that their work was collected in the collections and retold to each other in the home.But as time passed, plots and lines are not changed, and the novelty of the old idea could only give a new form, a morality could not have surprised fable.
poet Jean La Fontaine moved the ancient writings into French verse form.Old ideas began to play with new colors and archaic tales have become trendy among Paris, and then the Russian intelligentsia.Russian figures: A.P.Sumarokov, V.K.Trediakovsky - first translated the fables of La Fontaine, and then taken to write your own.Naturally, imitating the fashion of the time, they did so in the form of small rhymed works.
pinnacle of the genre in Russia is considered to be works of Krylov.There is a verse fables and advantage as the fable usually carries only one idea, and all of its characters designed to show a sample of the right or wrong behavior, it is easy and unobtrusive, a little evil work in rhyme with a certain rhythm will make it best.
output Krylov's fables are not too different from the morality of his ancient predecessors.The only thing I want to emphasize that intentionally or unintentionally, Ivan Andreyevich was fitting fables story by Russian realities and make it more understandable to the domestic reader or listener, the same is true of LNTolstoy.
However, most people think that prose is easier perceived as different techniques that are used to create rhymes, complicate the understanding of what is happening in the story and blur the boundaries of the narrative.Perhaps so, but saves the morale.She immediately disclose any defect or virtue, the author describes, making the product a short, concise and complete.
We hope that our article will help the reader not only to understand, frankly, it is easy to question the name of the output in the fable, but also encouraged him to re-read the classic works of the genre of Russian and foreign artists.