Thoroughbred horse - a horse breeding is doing in England.Initially, these animals were known as the English racehorse, but after the plant began to breed almost everywhere, the name was changed.
Horses of this breed are recognized champions of speed: the speed of the gallop 1 km / min is considered the norm for them.Short and middle distance these animals an average pass rate of 60 km / h.Distances longer than 3 km Thoroughbred passes at a speed of about 55 km / h.The record speed is Rekit Beach, held in Mexico City, a distance of a quarter mile (409.26 m) at a speed of 69.69 km / h.Thoroughbred horse racing can participate in only with representatives of the same breed, as any of these horses is much faster and stronger than any other breed.The developed system of racing and training provided an opportunity to get these animals.Figuratively speaking, the Thoroughbred "was born in the race."Needless to her body, her internal and external data simply shout about the purpose of a horse.Height
Deemed thoroughbred horse that can only, whose parents are in the stud book, being, respectively, thoroughbred.If your nickname is found pedigree animal, a non rock, or the horse itself, nor any of its ancestors, dating back to the mongrel - none of them are not recognized as belonging to the species.The stud book is the animal can not be recorded.However, despite this, the horse will not be allowed to participate in any official race.It is thanks to this approach in thoroughbred horses, for all the three hundred years of its existence, they have not experienced the influence of someone else's blood.F. Tezio in his "breeding race horses," wrote that Thoroughbreds have a right to be considered only those horses whose lineage can be traced up to the mares and stallions listed in the very first book Generale studbook, which was published back in 1793.
Given the fact that the 18th century Britain is a very strong military state, frisky horse riding troops were desperately needed.There was even introduced a standard increase, which corresponded to all army mounts.Moreover, neither used nor let in breeding these horses could not.At the same time, many owners of stud farms were imported from other countries elite breed mounts.A huge number of races, the use of horses on the hunt made it possible to identify the most frisky birds, which are the producers.Thus, by the middle of the XVIII century stables of King were filled with elite horses with beautiful rezvostnymi qualities.
The uterine basis to work on breeding frisky horse, capable of meeting the demands of the army and the nobles who want to have different animals for racing, served different breed mares.Most of the ewes was taken from the royal factories.Preference was given to mares with impurities eastern, Spanish and Hungarian blood.50 of them, and became the founder of a new breed.When fading has been used more than 200 stallions, almost all of whom were Eastern origin.
Despite the huge number of manufacturers involved in the breeding, the English Thoroughbred horse owes its existence to the three stallions: Turk Byerley, brought to England in 1683, Godolphin Barb, which appeared in the country in the 1730s, and Darley Arabian, which was used from 1710 year.
Byerley was captured during the siege of Buda than glorified captain, whose name was named stallion.He became the first ancestor who arrived in the UK.The Turk was a great producer, but had to cover a small number of mares.Despite his first name, most likely this was a stallion Arabian blood.Byerley Turk founded a line of thoroughbreds, the most famous of which was Herod (1758 born.).Herod, in turn, was a highly successful producer.
Darley Arabian was born in 1700 in Syria, where he was purchased by Tamas Darleem in 1704.We used a breeding stallion in his buyer.He had a great number of mares.Particularly successful are considered pairing with Betty Leeds, which has brought very important to breed foals: Flain Chlders and Chalders Barlet.Through one of the foals Darley Arabian was the great-great-great-grandfather Eslipsa, who was born 01.04.1764 year.Darley - the most important of the three manufacturers in terms of influence on the breed.Thoroughbred horse.
Godolphin Barb was born in Yemen.The gift was presented to the French king, but bought by an Englishman.The most significant was the direct descendant of the stallion metche, born in 1748 from Keida born Roxana and Godolphin.
The first volume of the studbook was published in 1793.Already at that time there was a rule that prohibits make to the book name of the horse that does not have at least one ancestor, dating back to Eclipse, or Herodu Match.The official recognition of the breed took place in 1821.Soon they developed rules for participation in the race horses of this breed, and acting now.Rules take into account the physiology and temperament thoroughbred.Jockeys equipped with short stirrups, which does not restrict movement of the horse.The weight of the ammunition and the jockeys themselves strictly regulated - it should not exceed 60 kg.
Breed in Russia
Thoroughbred horse appeared in our country during the formation of rocks.In 1825, it was established in Lebedyan race society.We began to appear public and private factories, which were engaged in cultivation of this breed.The first horse race betting to promoting the development of the breed, were held in 1876.Significantly increased the prize.Key races were held in Moscow, Warsaw and Tsarskoye Selo.
Today domestic breeds of horses thoroughbred horse falls far short of the representatives of foreign branches.More recently, the animals bred in our country could compete with foreign brethren, but today they can only compete with Russian horses.This breed in our country are bred in the Stavropol and Krasnodar territories and republics of the North Caucasus.Most racetracks are located in these regions.An exception is considered only Moscow, which hosts races from May to September.
Impact on other species
Thoroughbred horse, whose photos adorn any directory breeds used in almost all countries to improve other breeds of different directions.A huge number of species has been improved thanks to the influence of thoroughbred blood.It is surprising that no thoroughbred can not be many rocks, while they themselves are bred for 300 years without merging with other breeds, only improving their quality.
Thoroughbred breed was developed in order to participate in the race - on smooth and barrier lanes.For amateurs, this horse is not suitable because of the explosive nature and vigor.They need the hands of masters and daily grueling race.
addition, this breed of horses used in hunting foxes in triathlon.Pets are not proven themselves in the sport, are given to improve other breeds, which is also important.
Champions twentieth century
Thoroughbred horse photo is attached, it excels in the race.For this reason, the number of champions is huge.However, particularly distinguished himself in the 20th century by Colin, who won all the starts, which was - in the amount of 15 per 1907 and 1908.
In addition, famous fighter, Maine o'Var, Ekupois, Count Fleet, Tsiteishn, Neith Dincer, Kelsey, Secretariat Foegou and many other horses this magnificent breed.