latest comedic play APChekhov became "The Cherry Orchard."After the play "Three Sisters", somewhat tragic works Chekhov suddenly I thought of a new one.And for some reason he wanted to, and even wrote about it to their friends that this time it was very funny, at least on a plan.To answer the question of "The Cherry Orchard" - a drama or a comedy, it is worth noting that the author identified her second genre.However, during the life of Chekhov, when the first production at the Moscow Art Theater, the play was presented as a heavy drama and even tragedy.
«The Cherry Orchard" - a drama or a comedy?Writing
Then where is it?Drama by definition - is a literary work that is designed primarily to stage life.It is at the stage it acquires its full existence, reveals the meaning inherent in it, which further defines its genre.But the last word in the definition of the genre, as it may be, has always been behind the theater, directors and actors.The well-known fact that the innovative ideas of Chekhov as a
«The Cherry Orchard" - a drama or a comedy?Briefly all
According to the plot of the play has already forgiven the former owners of the estate with his family nest.In the second half of the XIX century, before Chekhov, this topic is often covered in Russian literature and dramatic and tragically and comically.Try to understand what is the particular solution of this problem and how to perceive the "The Cherry Orchard" - a drama or a comedy it.
This attitude Chekhov determined by the fact that instead of the nobility, gradually becoming obsolete and outgoing in social oblivion, was replaced by capitalism, and it is very pronounced in images Ranevskaya - impoverished noblewoman and Lopakhin - wealthy man, and grandson of the formerserfdom.In these two estates Chekhov saw the successors of the national culture.The nobility saw a writer first and foremost center of Russian culture.Here, of course, do not forget about serfdom, referred to in the play, but still in the first place and culture.
Ranevskaya and LOPAKHIN
One of the main characters - Ranevskaya, she is the mistress of the estate and his soul.And so, despite all its vices and carelessness (and many theaters emphasize that in Paris she became a drug addict), when she returned home to his father's house, everything around was transformed and revived.The house stretched seemingly forever its inhabitants fled.
Another key protagonist - LOPAKHIN that a hair's breadth to match it.He loves poetry, his gentle and delicate fingers, like an artist, sensitive and vulnerable soul.In Ranevskaya, he strongly feels the native soul.However, the vulgarity of life on all sides began to advance on him, and he gets some features Uhar merchant that emphasizes its democratic origin, and even flaunts lack of culture, then what was the norm in the prestigious "best circles."But he, too, is waiting for Ranevskaya to near her somehow cleansed and try again renew their artistic and poetic interests and preferences.In order to thoroughly deal with the question of "The Cherry Orchard" - a drama or a comedy, it is necessary to go for a deeper analysis of the product.
So is the capitalist vision of Chekhov's really based on real facts.Then, many wealthy people to the end of the century showed great interest, concern and love for culture.This can be seen in such large capitalist patrons as Mamontov, Zimin, Morozov, which contained the entire theater.Or take the Tretyakov brothers, based in the capital of the famous art gallery or a merchant's son Alexeyeva, who more than all we know under the name of Stanislavsky.By the way, he brought not only great creative potential in the theater, and all his father's wealth, which was also considerable.
But if we talk about LOPAKHIN it another capitalist order, which is why he did not succeed in dealing with Varya.After all, they are not a couple, it is - a fine poetic soul, he - already wealthy merchant, mundane and everyday nature.For him, Varya, Ranevskaya's adopted daughter, has become, alas, the prose of life.
Looking deeper into the theme "The problem of the genre."The Cherry Orchard": a drama or a comedy, "it is worth noting that Chekhov reflected in her many of his life experiences and vision.This sale of the estate in his native Taganrog, and familiarity with Kiselyov, who became the prototype of the hero Gaeva, at his family's estate Babkino Chekhov two consecutive years, from 1885 to 1887, had a rest in the summer, it was sold for debts.
When Chekhov stayed in Kharkov province in the estate Lintvarevyh, he saw a lot of running and ruined manors, it gave him the plot of the play.It is there that he wanted to show some details of the life of the former inhabitants of the old noble land.
«The Cherry Orchard."Reviews
Work on the work of "The Cherry Orchard" was given a very difficult patient Chekhov wrote to a friend that works with the unbearable agony and writes four lines a day.About the play "The Cherry Orchard", he also writes MP Alekseeva, that he came not a drama and a comedy, a farce, and even in some places.Knipper note that the play quite fun and frivolous.But Stanislavsky brought it to the drama of Russian life, and he wrote: "It is not a comedy, a tragedy ... I was crying like a woman."
And now, back to the question of "The Cherry Orchard" - a drama, comedy or tragedy, I must say that Chekhov at the premiere of the play on his birthday, January 17, 1904, it seemed that the theater is it notin Washington, it's not tearful drama and role Lopuchin and Wari in general should be a comic.But Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko, highly appreciating the play, yet perceived it more as a drama.There were critics who considered her a tragicomedy.But AI Revyakin wrote in his review that if you recognize the play drama, we must recognize the experiences of all the owners Ranevskaya and Gayev truly dramatic, causing compassion and deep sympathy to those people who did not look into the past and into the future.But this is not and can not be.Therefore, it is impossible to take the play as a tragicomedy, because for that it lacks any tragicomic situations or characters.
Disputes Disputes about the genre - "The Cherry Orchard" - a drama or a comedy, still do not stop.Moreover, the range has expanded also to the circle lyrical comedy or tragicomedy.So have a clear answer to the question that has created an involuntary way Chekhov "The Cherry Orchard" - a drama or a comedy? "Is virtually impossible.
And once again, referring to the letters that he wrote the great classics of Russian literature and playwright Anton Chekhov, we find the following lines, which describe his true attitude to life, which indicates that after the summer will surely come winterAfter youth comes old age, happiness and unhappiness, too, periodically and will change each other, and one can not always be healthy and happy, because always it will trap failure, loss, and to be saved from death, he will never be able to, eitherthough he himself Macedonia.In life, no matter how it looked sad and unfortunate, you have to be prepared for anything, and relate to current events, as inevitable and necessary."We just as much as do his duty - and nothing else."In his work "The Cherry Orchard" all these thoughts are in tune with the feelings that it evokes.
Chekhov argues that fiction has its name due to the fact that describes life as it is.And she has a purpose - to carry the absolute truth and honest.This is how you can finish the discussion of "The Cherry Orchard" - a tragedy, a drama or a comedy.The writing on this topic one can write their own, because it is quite extensive and requires consideration of different points of view.