hard to find someone who has not heard the song of the Orenburg down shawl on Mamayev Kurgan, a sailor who goes on leave ... They are all written in verse talented, truly Russian soul of the poet Viktor Yanukovych Bokova.During his 95 years, he has been through a lot, but did not lose interest in and love for his people and language.
Early years: a short biography
Bokov Viktor Yanukovych was born in 1914 into a peasant family in the Moscow region.He spent his childhood in the village Yazvitsy (now Sergiev Posad district).It originated in the soul of the boy's love of Russian folklore.
Bokov, Viktor Yanukovych, whose biography is closely linked with folk art, recalled how his childhood fun game hear the balalaika and accordion, emotional lyrical songs, I saw this Russian dance.Beautiful voice with a high soprano had the poet's mother.And it hit its imagery and its expressiveness even writers like Fadeyev and Sholokhov.Children Bokova interest to popular speech turned into a passion that has surviv
«Russian song, love the Russian land so that there are no more words!" - Confessed to the poet.Even as an adult, he comes many villages in central Russia, and will produce a magnificent folklore material.That's why all the poems of Viktor Yanukovych literally permeated the living word of Russian.
future poet studied first at the factory school level 1, then - in the seven-year period of Zagorsk.There in 1931 he was admitted to Teachers College.Since that time the biography Bokova Viktor Yanukovych as a poet.During his studies at the college of young people participated in the literary association with the newspaper "Forward", where he met with Prishvin, Kozhevnikova.They also advised the boy to enter the Moscow Literary Institute.And classmates Bokova (in the years 1934-1938) became Simonov, O. Vysotsky, M. Matusovsky.At the end of the institution as a biography tells Bokova Yanukovych, he was a consultant to the All-Union House of Folk Art.
beginning of literary activity
first poem beginning poet published in October 1930 in the newspaper "Forward".But after five years, his works began to appear regularly in the "collective-farm guys" and "friendly guys."In addition, Viktor Yanukovych participated in folklore expeditions, they were the result of the publication in journals, which caused a lively response from readers.Creativity has been appreciated by the young man recognized figures of literature Bulgakov, Andrei Platonov, V. Kataev.They supported his candidacy in the Union of Soviet Writers, which was adopted in 1941, Victor F. sides.
biography of the poet in the forties was formed not very good.
war and repression
In 1942 the poet went to the front.However farewell Leonov ("You are given a lot") is not fulfilled.Only 4 months served Viktor F. sides.His biography changed dramatically in August 1942.Poet arrested while the famous Article 58.Tribunal Novosibirsk garrison in March next year Bokova condemned for "conversations" for five years, which he spent in Siblag.And since 1947, freed, another ten years was wound on the links.
In 1950 Bokov, Viktor Yanukovych, whose biography is given in the article begins to actively engage in literary activities.First, as a result of work on the collection of folklore there is a "Russian ditty."Then, in 1958, the first collection of poems "Sastrugi" and "Jar-hop."In the following decades out a few books of the poet, among them - "Alevtina", "Three grass", "Russian bow", "Day by Day," "My Love Russia" and others. There were also written "Siberian seat", published onlyin 1990, the preface to the book by Zamyatin, A. Bobrov, "a ditty Shukshina Homeland" and others.
Left Bokov Viktor Yanukovych, whose biography is rich encounter with outstanding people, wonderful memories of Marina Tsvetaeva - in 1941He followed her to Yelabuga;about Prishvin which almost saw the first in a rustic lad original poet;of Boris Pasternak, who in 1953 appealed to the Writers' Union with a request to give his all for the publication of the book Yanukovych;about Andrei Platonov - their many years associated warm and friendly relations.Processing of works of poets of various nations - is another area of literature, which was engaged in Victor F. sides.
However, most of the inhabitants of our country Viktor Yanukovych familiar repertoire of L. Zykina.In a creative alliance with Solovyov-gray, Averkin, Ponomarenko and other composers have been written about 150 songs."Mamaev Kurgan" and "gray snow," zorenkoy call you "and" Oh, snow, snow ... "," go to the fields ... "and" ... going on leave ... "But perhaps it is" Orenburg shawl "has gained the mostfame.
Song was born just one day in 1958.Poet invited to Orenburg region specifically for the preparation of the repertoire created by Russian Folk Choir.As a result, trips to the edge of V. Bokov and G. Ponomarenko wrote some songs.But why all felt that something was missing.And before leaving, he saw a local landmark - surprisingly light and warm scarf made of goat down.Viktor Yanukovych immediately sent a package with a gift and mother, not leaving from the post office, wrote down the words.On the same day, during rehearsal, the accordion music was chosen.In general, according to the memoirs of the poet's granddaughter Bokov, Viktor Fedorovich (biography and creative heritage is confirmed) wrote always and everywhere.He could not live without in order not to invent something new.
And Viktor Yanukovych fervently sang ditties and knew them at least a thousand.He also called the initiator of the creation of the television program "Play the accordion."
Awards and Recognition
brief biography Bokova Viktor Yanukovych makes it clear just how talented and spiritual person he was.The poet died in 2009 at age 95.The activities for the benefit of the motherland and the people he was awarded the medal "For courage and love for the Fatherland," the family medals, including "For Service to the Fatherland."Viktor Yanukovych has the rank of a member of the Writers 'Union of the USSR, the Presidium of the Russian writers' organization, the Academy of Security, Defense and Law Enforcement.He is an honorary citizen of Sergiev Posad.He received the award Lomonosov, Twardowski, Fatyanova Christmas.
However, the main award - the state prize - he was never awarded.Whether because of the origin - of Lapotnikov, whether because of the camps, but every time there was a good reason to give it to someone else.It's a shame.Though, probably, great veneration for the poet is the love and recognition of many fans.