"The theory of a glass of water," Alexandra Kollontai

believed that the promotion of casual sexual relations, polygamy, promiscuity and other types of corruption came to us from the West, along with the sexual revolution, gremevshego in the second half of the sixties.It is possible that "flower children" and played a role in shaping the modern views on the family all over the world, but do not detract from the values ​​of Marxism and in this process.The most striking manifestation of campaigning for an open relationship between men and women was the "Theory of a glass of water," Alexandra Kollontai, enjoyed great popularity among the youth of the twenties, and now almost forgotten.

Background of

Marx defined the family as a way to preserve the hereditary rights to marital property.She, in her bourgeois manifestation, stigma and a tool called the enslavement of women.Did not have to do with communism supporters Emancipation looked at marriage about the same.The progressive theorists of different persuasions, who preached universal equality, converged in

the XIX century that soon the concept of "husband" and "wife" wither away as useless.Under communism, the property will disappear as such, therefore, will inherit nothing, and fathers will not have to worry about, like whether to have children.Besides raising families of egoists, and the new society needed a new type of people, free from outdated views.Educational function should ideally be socialized, like everything else.A woman works on a par with the man and nothing will yield to him.The task of creating the new person gets completely concretized direction.The new woman gives birth to it, and the society will bring up.Enlightened idea of ​​equality of workers will not be home to prepare meals, eat (not there), they will go to the factory-kitchen, there to feed them tasty and full three times a day.

These are the theoretical basis was "The Theory of a glass of water."But the thing that excites the curiosity of the layman, on other matters.How will the "it" under communism?

Bees labor

remarkable satirist Ilf and Petrov, talking about "big and small worlds", comparing people's achievements in terms of great construction projects and industrial development of the country with trifling fokstrotikami, philistine pretensions to elegance and petty-bourgeois ideas about life.Among the attributes of backward thinking, they, along with komodnymi elephants, called unreleased obviously then ladies podmyshechniki cork, called "Love Bees labor."However, to compare the Soviet Women with these industrious insects invented it Bolshevik Kollontai."The theory of a glass of water" is directly related to the concept of "labor of bees," which once puzzled finding a suitable drone for mating - they are busy.

bearer of the idea and its personification

Alexander M. Domontovich was born in St. Petersburg in 1872.She received a very good education, though homemade, but versatile.In 1893 she, at its option, rebelling against the will of the parents, married B. Kollontay, a poor officer, but five years later left him, leaving him a son.Further it is connected with the biography of the revolutionary movement.According to the memoirs Kollontai who knew Ivan Bunin stated in "Cursed Days", this woman had a duplicitous nature that is manifested in the tendency to disguise.Here it is in a working scarf at the rally, and ended it right there - a bath, a box of chocolates and intimate conversations with a friend.

Roman Alexandria Bolshevik Dybenko passed rapidly, and each of the partners did not link a vow of fidelity.

Bolshevichka demonstrated remarkable diplomatic skills, though not without some curious incidents.She escaped safely Stalinist repression and died a year before the death of the "father of nations.""The theory of glasses of water you drink," was the most famous of its accomplishment, although there were many others.

the sense of

Now, the essence of the views of Alexandra Mikhailovna on matrimonial matters.Thus, the "love of bees labor" is not directly related to the high sense of bearing this name.The concept of "a glass of water theory" fits into two words: "wanted to - had a drink."And there is no thirst, and it is not necessary.Intimate meet the future needs of the people to be without wasting time and emotion, without interrupting the possible industrial activity.Of course, such a primitive, these views do not pose, style has been refined, and the theoretical basis just perfect, but the point is about the.The man did not even likened to an animal, and winged insects, for which the main causative factor is the instinct of reproduction.The reproduction of their own kind of individuals as a matter of socially useful, necessary and even indispensable.The new woman, free from prejudices and conventions, should beget children that way.All people are equal, hence the choice of the father for the future offspring does not matter.Young twenties in essence little different from today.Is it any wonder that the "theory of a glass of water" enjoyed tremendous success?


Ironically, Kollontay views on gender issue was not shared by many leaders of the Bolshevik Party, including Lenin.Proletarian leader himself did not deny the presence of thirst, but he believed it impossible to satisfy all of the currently available sources, such as from a dirty puddle, and the purity of glass, he imposes certain requirements."The theory of a glass of water" caused objections and Lunacharsky, even wrote a critical article "about the life of ...", dedicated to youth issues.The views Kollontai not recognized fully Marxist, although absolutely hostile and harmful they too did not call.Bold Bolshevik just pointed to some difference between freedom and debauchery.

Supporters and abstaining

As already mentioned, the targeted social base views Alexandra Mikhailovna was mostly immature youth.Komsomolskaya was somehow embarrassing to deny their fellow male intimacy than those willing to use it.But not only among the young members of the Communist Youth International fame of "The Theory of a glass of water."Mayakovsky, the great proletarian poet futuristic, for example, lived hard.Although he called the windows GROWTH "not to imitate Bourget" and take his wife to the theater, "his and not someone else's," but allowed himself some liberties.Do not lag behind other Soviet poet and artists, often elderly.

Using the theory of enemies of Soviet power

vast majority of the former Russian Empire was not ready to perceive the ideas that seemed to Clara Zetkin and Alexandra Kollontai as progressive and attractive."The theory of a glass of water" found, of course, their followers, but their enthusiasm wore it selective.Supporters of the "thirst quencher" walking "left", is usually not granted the right to use it to their wives and husbands, philistine once safeguarding the purity of his own family nest.This psychological feature of the Russian people have repeatedly used the opponents of Bolshevism, attributing the Communists even vices that they do not possess.For example, a Uvarov, a member of the nationalist "Union of Russian People," published a decree composed by him, supposedly issued by the Saratov Provincial Council of People's Commissars, which was declared a general socialization of women and the right to use them by anyone.The same document was used for anti-communist propaganda and the Germans during World War II.

«Theory of a glass of water," Alexandra Kollontai today

In the Gorbachev era has caused a lot of laughter replica of a Soviet woman, said there is no sex in the Soviet Union.Of course, she was not referring to the reproduction by direct division (compared to bees, amoeba populations increase even easier), but this phrase is reflected all related to sexual problems in our country that time.The fact that the education of children (and adults too) was of Puritan character, no doubt.However, most people in this situation mainly suit. "The theory of a glass of water" in the Soviet Union turned out to be unpopular, perhaps because of subconscious attraction to people of the Orthodox and the family values ​​enshrined by our glorious ancestors.