1961.Written poem "Native Land".In the Leningrad hospital in the last years of the poet, with an epigraph from her own poems.Why
analysis of Akhmatova's poem "Native Land" is to start with the answer to the question: "Why is the native land, not a country, not Russia?"
poem written for the twentieth anniversary since the beginning of the Second World War.But Akhmatova writes not about the country and about their native land, fertile soil - nurse.By the sixties the tradition of worshiping the earth is in the past, but Akhmatova convinced that in the hearts of the people still living ethnic memory.And yes, "it's the dirt on galoshes" but without Russia nothing.This mud nourishes us and accepts us at the end of a way of life.On the lines of the poet great meaning.No need to compose an ode to the ground, just need to remember that this is part of our homeland.
Subject homeland always sounded poetry Akhmatova.It was not just loyalty, but service to the Fatherland, no matter what trials.Akhmat
Why is not Russia, and the earth?Because the poet takes home not as a country, as well as the land on which was born and lives.She does not accept the political system, repression and war.But she loves the motherland, the people with whom lives with them and is willing to bear all the burdens.
On this she wrote in 1922."Not with those I ..." - because of the poem have been taken for the last lines of the epigraph.And for four decades, in spite of everything, her attitude toward his native land has changed.And it was during these 40 years, many of the tragic, and its fate, and the fate of the country.
importance of history
analysis of Akhmatova's poem "Native land" can not be complete if you do not know the history of the life of the poet.It is impossible to understand how courageous and faithful had to be not to give up their words and beliefs of forty years ago, if you do not know what it was experienced in those years.
analysis of poems by Anna Akhmatova "Native land" should begin not in the traditional manner - with analysis of rhymes and other things, this will do nothing.And to start with, that was before the writing of this poem in life "Anna of All Russia", as it was called by his contemporaries.Only then you will understand the deep meaning of the work, all the bitterness and all the patriotism, invested in it.
In 1921, Akhmatova finds out that her close friend is leaving Russia.And that's how it reacts to the departure of a loved one: she writes, "Not with those I who threw the earth."The poem, written in the next year and included in the collection Anno domini.In this poem, resentment, anger, and completely marked citizenship.The position, which is to be change due to subsequent events, but only strengthened.
life between the two poems
From 1923 to 1940, Akhmatova is not printed.And it's hard for her.She was subjected to indirect repression.But it was not the most difficult.In 1935, he was arrested, her son Leo.As well as her husband, but soon released.And Leo, after a brief release was again arrested.Five years Akhmatova lived in tension and fear - pardon his son or not.
In 1940, appears the wind of hope;poet allows you to print, some people let out of Stalin's camps.But in 1941 the war begins.Hunger, fear and evacuation.
In 1946, when it would seem, has weakened the grip of censorship, Akhmatova expelled from the Writers' Union and prohibit its print collections.In fact, it deprived of livelihood.In 1949 he was arrested again Akhmatova's son, and again it is in line with peredachka.
In 1951, it was reduced in the Writers' Union.In 1955 recovered the homeless poet a small house in the village of Komarovo, near Leningrad, after the expulsion of the Fountain House in March 1952.However, in no hurry to publish it.And a few years of poetry Akhmatova produced samizdat.
in May 1960 at the Akhmatova begins intercostal neuralgia, it carries several heart attacks begin ordeal hospitals.And in this state she is in the hospital at the time of writing the "native land."What will and dedication needed to possess in order to carry through the loss of his love for the country and not to change citizenship.
traditional analysis of Akhmatova's poem "Native Land»
This work of love for the motherland, but the word "love" is not there.Through the analysis of Akhmatova's poem "Native land", it is easy to understand that it is deliberately excluded.The poem is constructed in such a way that without this word reveals the love of his native land.For this dvuchastnost applied works, which is understandable resizing.
Change size catches the eye when you spend analysis of the poem "Native Land".Akhmatova all clearly reconciled.Shestistopny pentameter - the first 8 rows.Further transition to anapaest - trehstopny, and after - chetyrehstopnym.Pentameter - a denial that the understanding of the love of the poet is not included.Anapaest - approval of a simple definition.The man - part of the land, and regard it as their free - to love.
It should be noted also the value of the word "earth" by analyzing the poem "Native Land".Akhmatova used them as a couple.In the poem, the two values.The first - the place where we live and die, a place that can not be to throw, no matter what happens.The second - the soil, ashes, "the crunch on the teeth."It's simple.And epithets ("promised", etc.), and "ukrashatelnaya" lexicon ("reopen", "amulet") remain in the first part of iambic.The second part consists of common parlance, no epithets.Everything is much simpler, but deeper.True love does not need pathetic.