Analysis and summary of "By the right of memory" (Twardowski)

Aleksandr Tvardovsky - one of the few truly talented Soviet writers who managed to publish in those hard times.Not only a good poet, but also a brilliant journalist, he enjoyed the location of the party leaders.However, in his work he found that the censorship did not miss.It is such a product and will be dedicated to our article.Today we look at a summary of the "right memory".Twardowski much said in this poem of his is not cloudless relations with Soviet reality.


theme of the poem, which is possible to isolate, even after reading a summary of the "right memory" Twardowski cherished for years to come.She first appeared in the poem "Country Ant", then clearly sounded in a series called "memory of his mother."This theme - the confession of the writer, summing up the outcome of life.It is in the poem "On the Law of Memory" realized the fruits of many years of heavy thinking Twardowski.

topic confession accompanied by the theme of memory and responsibility.Responsibility for their actions

before the future generations.The writer was convinced that we can not forget the past, because it determines the future and will affect the fate of all who live in our country.

Genre originality

to the genre of lyrical and philosophical meditations include the poem "On the Law of Memory".Summary (Twardowski in the product literally confesses reader) once again confirms this.

protagonists of the poem - ordinary Soviet people, their accomplishments and things that can not be forgotten and that need to be responsible to our descendants.Author looks like the open spaces in their homeland and sees the poem gave three:

  • incredibly large Russian expanses, which no end or edge;
  • space history is inextricably interwoven where generations of people, which proves the continuity of lives and time;
  • same boundless space of morality lyrical.

Summary "right memory" (Twardowski): Chapter One

The first chapter is called "Before departure", it was published during his lifetime, and was called "the hayloft."Lyrical hero and his friend are going to the village "in a way far away."Boys are full of hopes and dreams of a beautiful future, they are in their illusions about the wonderful life: "Adversity us uneasy";"Sami were only waiting for happiness."

Their enthusiastic optimism was so huge that they are not heard roosters morning 'infantile funeral of the end of days ", predicting how quickly native land" slips off the Metelitsa solid. "The last quote hints at collectivization carried out in a village in the 30s.

Heroes do not yet know what trials await them in front.The fate of a comrade, there is only a hint: "That friendship was listed blame that might remind me any."Most likely, each subjected to Stalinist repression and was declared an enemy of the people.Only in communion with such a man could rebuke the protagonist.

Chapter 2

continue to consider the poem "On the Law of Memory".Summary Twardowski in some way he concludes in the name of the chapter.Thus, the second chapter has the title "Son of the Father is not responding."These words were uttered by Stalin in the 30s.Then the children of kulaks and enemies of the people accepted them as an unexpected escape from the stigma of a lifetime.But it turned out quite well.This phrase has gained more immoral and inhuman value.Children do not get rid of the marks referred to them by their parents, but the whole nation have been separated from their roots, their ancestors, and consequently lost and moral guidelines "Commit to the path of his brother."

Pronounced anti-Soviet orientation was realized in the poem "On the Law of Memory", a summary of the chapters illustrates this perfectly.Poet sincerely regrets that once renounced his father and family.This wine Twardowski pursued all his life, but make life easier for relatives was not in his power.

Chapter 3

Nearing the end of the poem "On the Law of Memory" (Twardowski).Summary of chapter concludes with a third part - "Memory".Here the poet says, angry, full of anguish and suffering of a monologue that, despite the party guidance to forget about the past, this is by no means impossible to do.Man has the right to remember their past, their parents, family, mistakes and crimes.People just can not forget about it, otherwise they can not see a happy future.All inextricably linked, actions grandparents reflected on the fate of grandchildren.

This poignant note, at this peak of repentance ends Twardowski poem that simply could not be printed in the Soviet Union.

Conclusion Having examined a summary of the "right memory" (Twardowski), we can conclude that the share of the poet fell much sorrow and sadness that never left him throughout his life.Most hard times he experienced: Stalin's repressions, the war and postwar years, the thaw.And all these difficulties and trials resulted in a beautiful poem.