Futurism (lat. Futurum - future) - it is the common name of artistic avant-garde movements of the early XX century, especially in Russia and Italy.The author of the words and the founder of direction is a world renowned Italian poet Marinetti.Featuring a very extremist, futurism, denying all previous artistic experience, she applied for the construction of a completely new art.Futurist - a follower and supporter of Futurism.
main postulates of the Futurists is a radical change in the principles of construction of the literary text, adopted by the destruction of syntax, for example, the use of the verb only in an uncertain mood, the destruction of adverbs, adjectives of quality, omission unions punctuation.In other words, the futurist - a creator who brings to the literature of "maximum confusion" and "perception by analogy."Their goal was to create a new literary style of living without tedious pauses, underlined by commas and dots.
From words to visual signs
Verses futurists completely freed from the severe restrictions and syntactic periods of logical connections.Rejecting the standards Linear, Futurist poet freely dispose of their lines in the space, forming a decorative arabesques or following the analogy - a form-letter turned into a whimsical visual signs.Also, a new genre of art brought to life the provocative component - fist blow.Now supporters of futurism can be easily distinguished from other authors.Futurist poet - is the creator who, speaking in public, in every way it shocking: provokes, insults, calls for rebellion and violence.The new trend has gained scandalous, but fame.
Given the political situation in Russia at the beginning of the XX century, futurism grain fell on fertile soil, and a new trend has been enthusiastically received in the pre-revolutionary years, Russian Cubo-Futurists.Russian avant-garde entered the history of Russian culture as innovators who managed to make a revolution in poetry, literature and other fields of work.The Russian Futurism did not become a complete system of art, this term called the various trends in the development of avant-garde.Those who wish to define futurism as a community of style is very difficult to connect the "archaic-songwriter" Klebnikov, "Tribune-urbanist" Mayakovsky, "esthete agitators" brothers Burliuk, "abstruse-rychalu" torsion.And if we take into account the "special on aeronautics at Fokker syntax" Boris Pasternak, then combed one size fits all is simply impossible.Several departments of the direction considered Shershenevich and Northerner, but all the futurists in the literature coexisted under the common roof of the genre, tenaciously holding on to each other.
Poetry and painting
Poetry of Russian Futurism was inherently linked to the avant-garde in the art of painting.Too many poets, followers of the genre, considered a good artist - Vladimir Mayakovsky, Velimir Khlebnikov, the brothers Burliuk, Kamensky, Kruchenykh, Elena Guro.And most avant-garde artists wrote prose and poetry, participated in the production of futuristic publications not only as a designer, but also as a writer.The poems of the Futurists were the inspiration for the painting, which, in turn, enriched Futurism.Kazimir Malevich, Pavel Filonov, Goncharova, Larionov almost managed to create something that had sought to futurists.
«Futurist" and "bully" - synonyms?
is enough in a short time to moderate the public, the term "futurist" was considered synonymous with the word "bully."Media closely followed the "exploits" and cranky creators of a new direction in art.This has caused an increased interest in ordinary people and bring fame adherents of futurism.For the majority of the population futurist - a person who complies with the basic features of a new direction, including the pathos outrageous, anarchic world, in rhythmic experimentation, rebellion, focus on the spoken verse.