In 1946, the literature includes an unknown writer Viktor Nekrasov."In the Trenches of Stalingrad" - analysis of the product is given in the article - the story, which opened a new page in the image of the Great Patriotic War.Some call it "the trenches", others - "lieutenants."In any case, the important thing is that it was a whole new perspective on the recent tragic events.In the center of the image first appeared ordinary soldiers and their commanders, to fully know the hardships of life at the front.
About the Author
Nekrasov was born in Kiev (about the city fondly recalls largely autobiographical protagonist of the story) in 1911.Before the war, he received his degree of architect, interested in theater, painting, literature.He tried to write, but life, by his own admission, did not provide a suitable plot, and was not interested invented neither the authors nor the editors.
At the front Nekrasov appeared in the first months of the war - is proving the story and its analysis."In the Trenches
history of the story "In the Trenches of Stalingrad»
product analysis should begin with the story of his birth.Once in the hospital Kiev, the future writer faced with the fact that after being wounded in his right arm badly worked.On the advice of doctors, he began to develop it: writing over and over.These were the memories of the heroic defense of the city on the Volga River in 1942-1943.At yesterday the defense of Stalingrad had a desire to share with the readers experienced and talk about their comrades.So on the first pages of the novel, reminiscent of the original diary of the protagonist, Yuri Kerzhentsev.
later Nekrasov dictated tetrad records typist, but the finished text of the work transferred to other (random!) In Moscow.And now, after some time in the "Banner" was printed product of "Stalingrad", immediately aroused controversial.Many of the content and analysis of the novel "In the Trenches of Stalingrad" displeased.First of all, the fact that it was not the usual eulogies to the chief and senior officers.Meantime, Stalin approved the work, which resulted in the presentation of its author in 1947 Stalin Prize of the second degree.
story is written on behalf of the young lieutenant, twenty-eight military engineer Yuri Kerzhentsev.This is a detailed, almost daily, the story of the massive retreat of Soviet troops from Oskol to the Volga weeks of life in Stalingrad, at first peaceful, interrupted by violent bombardments of the enemy, then the military - during fierce battles for Mamayev Kurgan and the approaches to the city.At the same time, the analysis shows that "In the Trenches of Stalingrad" (the story) does not contain a volume of descriptions of battles and heroic deeds of the Soviet soldiers.All paintings are extremely comprehensive and truthful - reticence, according to Nekrasov, in the story of not more than 1%.It is easy to explain.
author wanted to show the real defenders of the country through the eyes of the same as they are, soldier experiences during the war, the natural human feelings: longing for peace and family, proud of their comrades, the shame of retreat and failure, fear of explosionsand ongoing fire in the trenches of Stalingrad.Analysis of the product if the reader brings to the battlefield, and he followed the protagonist tries to rethink what happened, to understand what price was given to the people win.
role of lyrical digressions and reflections hero
description of reality is often interrupted by a retrospective of the past.In the first part there are more in the second, where the series of events is developing faster is not so much.During this retreat painful memories of a loved Kerzhentsev Kiev, where he remained his home and family.Hero is experiencing constant pain from the fact that there is now hosted by the fascists.
few peaceful days in Stalingrad reminiscent of the beloved, the pre-war occupations and hobbies that will never be such as before.Conversations at the plant, which is prepared to explode, evoke memories of "Sevastopol Sketches".They Tolstoy talks about "hidden patriotism" of the Russian people.This is what he sees is now close to a main character - emphasizes Nekrasov.
In the Trenches of Stalingrad (analysis contrasting paintings reinforces the impression from reading) Yuri drew attention to the surrounding nature.Description of the autumn landscape, calm and majestic, which unfolded against the backdrop of the terrible events, helps to feel more acutely tragic scale of what is happening.Such a perception of the world turns into Kerzhentsev man trying to solve the eternal problem of life and death, heroism and villainy, sincerity and hypocrisy.
Analysis "In the Trenches of Stalingrad" (story Nekrasov) leads the reader to the main idea.In each line of pain author says about how fleeting life: a moment ago a man said, breathing and now lies with extinct eyes and mutilated body.This all happens casually, and description of the various faces of human suffering, death and allows us to understand the true scale of the people's tragedy.Incredibly realistic Nekrasov describes the death of the wounded in the stomach and Lazarenko very young machine gunner.How about the worst manifestation of death he remembers slain fighters, whose lips dotlevaet stub.The incredible power to influence and have scenes depicting, for example, about the defense of sheds or take a hill, when a handful of poorly armed Soviet soldiers heroically resisted the enemy squad with tanks and machine guns.
image of the protagonist
analysis of the story "In the Trenches of Stalingrad" Nekrasov is impossible without recourse to identity Yuri Kerzhentsev.It educated, intelligent man, who absorbs everything he sees and hears around.He understands that war is not like civilian life: it can not predict anything.Yet what is happening: the retreat, the plight of the army, silent reproach in the views of residents abandoned settlements - make the hero and his colleagues look for the answer to the eternal question of who is to blame.
himself Lieutenant repeatedly caught myself thinking that the war hardened heart, and human values are very different.Nevertheless, he is very self-critical and demanding of himself.Taciturn, sometimes irascible character at the right moment is able to support and make the right decision.He genuinely experiencing the death of each of their comrades.At the crucial moment, it is close to the fighters, just as they are not hiding from the bullets.The war became his responsible work, which should be carried out conscientiously.
author idealizes his hero, as evidenced by the actions Kerzhentsev and analysis."In the Trenches of Stalingrad" - an example of how to behave in war ordinary person.When, during a conversation with Chumak by flying bullets, Yuri could not help ducks.He is the commander, sometimes do not know what to do, and feels guilty in front of others.Do not refuse produced Valega milk or lemon.But his advantage is that there are no false heroism and arrogance.
Thus, the main character - a normal person with their lives defended Stalingrad, and the whole country.
In his novel Nekrasov ("In the Trenches of Stalingrad"), which is a content analysis confirms the special attention to the orderly Kerzhentsev - Valega.It's a simple, uneducated man of eighteen, infinitely devoted to his lieutenant and his homeland.His work, at first sight, invisible, but Kerzhentsev than once wondered how deftly manage Valega.In all circumstances, Yuri waited warmed dinner, clean clothes, dry cape.Somehow mysteriously Valega could adapt to any conditions.This Kerzhentsev was sure if the ammunition runs out and the need to fight for their homeland teeth, his orderly and handle this situation.These are the soldiers who lived in the trenches during the day and night, and carried the brunt of the war.
place lead in the literature
V. Nekrasov, the first in the Soviet literature has shown, according to V. Bykov, "the truth of the essence of individuality and high in the war, the importance of the individual ... in an environment with absolute subordination of all ...".A decade later in "Nekrasov trenches" came out a whole generation of writers-veterans, who wrote about what they have suffered and survived.
book about the people in the trenches - the so-called many of the first readers of the story, which was written in 1946 by an unknown Nekrasov, "In the Trenches of Stalingrad."An analysis of the product confirms this idea.Impartial story of the author of those in terrible years for the country was faced with a moral choice, and managed to keep the best human qualities, reiterates unwavering fortitude, boundless courage and true patriotism of the Russian people, always knew how to defend the freedom and independence of the state.