The ancient Greek word "apologia" - an excuse and nothing more.When the term began to be used in Greek law, it has come to mean defense speech, uttered in court.Later, everything that could serve as a defense against accusations and attacks, a letter or a text became known as an apology.
Obviously, zealous advocates, praising the virtues of his client, and in modern times the term is used to refer to partisan defense or excessive praise.Over time, the word "apologia" in general has lost the original meaning and acquired such synonyms as exaltation, and even alliluyschina zahvalivanie, but simply the dense flattery.Unfortunately, it must be noted that such a biased defense has always occurred: from time immemorial to the present day.
Stories known fact that the use of the term in the true sense - as an excuse.In this case, an apology - it's three famous speech of Socrates, spoken by him in 399 BC, during the trial in which he was accused of all mortal sin
At trial, the great philosopher did not ask for clemency, behaved proudly, quietly and denied all the charges, which were negligible, are unfounded and ridiculous.Unable to adequately argue with Socrates, he decided to physically destroy.He died in prison from the poison.Stayed brilliant series of disciples and followers, among them the legendary Plato."Apology" - one of his earliest works, and are not written in the form of dialogue.He was 30 years younger teachers and worshiped him.Passionate accusatory work in which Plato calls a spade a spade, shows a complete jerk, mediocrity and incompetence prosecutors - Miletus, Anita, Lycon.
worthy rebuff student
The correct name of the text, written shortly after the trial Plato (396 BC), called the "Apology of Socrates".Briefly it can be described as an innocent desire to justify and defend the great teacher of the charges against him false accusations.He examines the points of the speech, said at the trial of Socrates, agreeing that the great philosopher said.This is the first extant texts of Plato.It may be noted that none of the indictments speech was not preserved, but the documents of the witnesses it is clear that it was not given any attention to the fact and worthy of all the attacks were unfounded or fraudulent.
But there are other meanings of the word.The widespread use it has received in religion, particularly in the defense of Christianity.We know that this belief is hard to say, and it took a lot of the accession of the victims and many defenders from attacking enemies.In this vein, an apology - is the protection of the Christian faith.So any work could be called to justify their faith in Christ.But in the narrow sense of apology called texts of early Christianity (II-III century).As a result of the fight was a whole science related to the protection of this belief, and it is called apologetics.Naturally, ardent defenders called apologists.Later, the term was applied to people who excessively zealous in protecting anything.Enemies of Christianity at the time of its formation was enough - the Roman authorities, the Jews, the defenders of the ancient religions and philosophies, and the protection of the nascent faith was carried out in these areas.During these years the struggle carried out by political treatises.Therefore ancient apologia - is journalism.
Work French historian
Stories and other works are known under this name.For example, "Apology of history," Marc Bloch (1886-1944), French historian, one of the founders of the famous magazine "Annals" and the school of the same name, in which he sets out his views on history as a science, and is developing new approaches to its study.In his "Apology history or craft of the historian", published in 1986, the author examines the person in time to explain the fact that the human mind changed for centuries under the influence of many factors, that is, look at one and the same historical eventmodified over time, and historians, this fact must be taken into account.The conclusion he draws the following: knowledge of the past should be doing future generations a better life.
unexpected applications in the most unexpected places can be found, the term "an apology.""Rage" - the famous role-playing game, which represents a RPG (game on the passage) with strategy elements."Rage" - a fictional universe with its own history.The storyline is as follows: when a single universe was destroyed by a comet crashed and prosperous Sarnaut split into separate pieces (the Great Cataclysm).Astral absorbs these Mirka.The essence of "Rage" - to keep surviving.All the Rage interconnected portals.Playing with the inception of all time updated with new episodes.Thus, the Russian server, not so long ago was designed Guild "Apology.""Rage" - domestic product created by "Niva", which occurred two years before Google.Nivalom (domestic developers of computer games), based on the wide world of "Rage" were produced games such as "Lost in Astral," "Cursed Earth" and "Legends of Rage".