1921.Paris.Emigration.After the October Revolution of 1917 was a forced thing.And the reasons for this are many.And fled from the horrors of the Bolshevik regime, and from hunger and cold, and from the chaos of war, lice and disease, from the evening and night searches, executions ... run and Ivan Bunin.For the same reasons, but there was also something else, is much stronger and deeper - a self-imposed exile.It forced him to forget the past it carefully, then embellish it, on the contrary, the tone and thicken the paint to experienced seemed too colorless and dull.It is and has invested in his future life many tragic.Artwork Bunin "mowers" - one of the clear evidence of this.
In the novel, Ivan Bunin's "The Life of Arseniev" is a remarkable phrase: "Memories - it is something so terrible and serious that there is even a prayer of salvation from them ...."Yes, the memories are different: bright, warm, bright as a summer sunny day ... And there may be dark, heavy as low leaden sky, threate
endless revelries, desecration of God, a sea of blood around and, most importantly, impunity for their actions - all this tormented him: "And how bored the world with their abominations and unhappiness this vile, greedy, silly bastard Russia!"In his work "Cursed Days" (1918-1920) painted the painful memories of his homeland in the infinitely dark color.It seemed that all the connecting thread torn, like the pages of old books, and nothing and no one can force him to see at least one bright spot.But apparently, the prayer was read, and Ivan refused to "journalism" hostile October and found the strength to return to his heart, to the writer's work and love for the motherland.Russia won in it.Bunin's story "mowers", written in Paris in 1921, a clear proof of this.It is definitely still hear the anguish and pain for the lost, but it's just background, cleverly shielding basic colors - a sublime youthful infatuation in Russia, along with a deep sense of conscious and mature man.And now more ...
plot of the story (Bunin, "mowers") is very simple.These are memories of the past, of the day - late afternoon of the day of June, when the author, he is - the narrator and protagonist, met in a birch grove with the mowers - simple Russian peasants.They came one by far mainly Ryazan, on earnings.Memories of those light, airy, reminiscent haze early summer morning in the forest.They now and then interrupted by the author's reflections on the lost greatness of Russia, on the mowers, for the Russian people, the soul of the Slavic, how to sing, she can - and can not be forgotten, and not compare with what ...
«mowers, "Bunin: the analysis of the product
The story begins with the phrase:" We were walking along the main road, and they mowed down a young birch forest far away from it - and sang. "And right behind him a new paragraph: "It's been a long time, it was an infinitely long time, because the life that we all live in a time not return already forever ..." hopeless melancholy and sadness are heard in every word, in every breath commain each sound."It's been a long time" - says the author (Ivan Bunin, "mowers"), and here increases, puts another smear of gray paint - "infinitely long time", and another one at the end - "do not come back forever," the readernot only understood, but disappeared along with the main character in his memoirs, and caused them endless heartache.
Who are "we"?
Continuing the theme of the article "mowers" (Bunin): An analysis of the product. "The narrative in the story is conducted from the first person, but often the pronoun "I" sees himself in the plural face: "we went ...", "we lived at the time ..." "All around us were fields ...".What is it?Whom Ivan Bunin ("mowers") is meant by the word "we"?We - this is the author himself, his family and friends and all those who suffered the tragic fate abroad, who were forced to renounce the homeland to escape with only one luggage behind - Memories and nostalgia, because it has "neverforget that late-afternoon hours, "these lush grasses and flowers, this field of air, and" never understand, not quite express what is most important, what is their marvelous charm. "And the more these endless fields, this "wilderness middle native Russia" both in time and in space, the stronger, deeper and silent love for her."Forgive me, good-bye, dear friend!And, dear, oh goodbye storonushka!Forgive-bye, dear, wrong, my heart is for you whether black mud to do! "- Drifting lyrics mowers sound is now as prophecy.
Who are "they"?
Who are the "they" in the product (IA Bunin, "mowers")?Summary of the story will help clarify this important question.So, as mentioned above, the reader opens the picture from the past: a bright, beautiful backwoods of central Russia.Everything is in her admiration.And leaving the road to the horizon, and "innumerable wild flowers and berries," and hleborobnye field ... as if time stood still.And suddenly, amidst this paradise, out of nowhere, there are "them" - mowers, stately, like the epic heroes, carefree, friendly, "eager for the work."Mow and sing."They" - this is Russia.Let her in, "leggings", "bahilkah", "shirts", but his free-style and pretty special, with nothing comparable beauty.It is noteworthy that the word "mowers" is used only twice, and "they" - twenty-five.He says it's only about one thing: that Russia, which Bunin dreams, lost - came to an end to God's forgiveness.
A song of "them" - the soul of Russian, direct, much light, fresh, strong, naive ignorance about their talents, and that's why a strong, powerful, and sometimes cheeky.She did not voice calls, but only "sighs ups healthy, young, melodious chest.""They" sing "we" listen, come together and merge.Yes, there is the real blood relationship between "us" and "them", clouds, air, field, forest and all dalyu ...
article on "IABunin, "mowers": a summary of the work "had not yet come to an end.Despite supposedly sang songs of hopelessness "they" to "inescapable joy."Why is that?Yes, because it is impossible to believe in the hopelessness.It is unnatural to human nature, all that lived, lives and continues to live around us."Forgive me, goodbye, dear storonushka!" - Sang "they", "we" listened, and none of us could believe that there is really no way, no way to the native home.Inside each had some innate higher knowledge, the knowledge that, no matter where we turned, there is no real separation from us infinite native Rus, still we will shine the sun in your own native fathomless blue sky.
As mentioned above, the story is mainly conducted in the first person, but also the plural, and only twice heard a solitary "I".The first time author, passing by mowers, saw their modest dinner, could not resist, he came closer, and welcomed the "good fellow", "I said, bread and salt, hello ...".In response, they invited him to their modest table.But looking closer, he was horrified to find that the iron "they" pulled spoons dope-fly agaric mushrooms.What a strange meal?No wonder Bunin included in his story, this seemingly insignificant episode.It's very symbolic.Russian tradition of hospitality is always required to accept the invitation to sit down at one table, not to reject or shun, else there is no equality, there is no unity.He refused.So, there was consensus that, of the integrity between "us" - "them", about which much was said and dreamed of before the revolution.Perhaps that is why she happened ...
coming to an end and an article on "IABunin, "mowers": a summary of the work. "Another sorrowful "I" sound at the end of the story: "One more, I say, it was in this song ..." And then he sums up all of the above, and living.Yes, in those distant, infinitely distant times already, irrevocable, and felt "they" and "we" are the most that neither is infinite happiness.But the fairy tale came to an end: samobranye folded tablecloths, prayers and spells forgotten, come and limit God's forgiveness ...
Bunin's story "mowers" written by so-called of rhythmic prose, because the shape of the product - a lyrical monologue-memory.Lyricism sound is amplified due to the iambic sound, which, in turn, alternating with gaps accents.Rhythm is expressed in the repetition of the word "they", "we" and the word "cute."Last - six times in the eighth and ninth paragraphs.This phenomenon manifests itself as anaphora, t. E. Edinonachatiya at the beginning of a few sentences: "The beauty of it was in response ...";"The beauty was that unwitting ...";"The beauty was that we were ..." and so on. D. This technique brings the feelings of the author to a climax.
At the lexical level is also observed contextual synonyms (wood young and the road is big, Russian soul), the personification (Russia - only her soul could sing), associative synonyms (Russia - chest), paraphrase (all Russian - "the children of his homeland"regardless of social status)
That's the whole story, the whole story (Bunin)" mowers ".Summary - this is good, but it is better to open the text and admire the amazing syllable Ivan Bunin.