Anyone who has read Aesop's Fables, Ivan Krylov, and then immediately picked up a volume of Tolstoy's probably asking yourself, what is unusual Tolstoy's fables?That is the question and try to answer our article.
Orientation fables to a certain age audience
First, you need to answer the question why Tolstoy translated and wrote fables.
Hardly readers to believe that Ivan Krylov, Aesop or La Fontaine was a peculiar challenge.They composed a fable, because they get it, and they liked the product to others.But Tolstoy not like that, he wrote his fables with intent, rather, he had a specific task: to sow in the hearts of children "good and bright."One answer to the question, what is unusual Tolstoy's fables, is this: they are unique, because it pursued a definite purpose - to teach children to do the right thing.And the fable especially since focused on a specific age group - children.
«Teachers' moment in the Russian classic fables
order to fully understand the problem of Tolstoy, it is neces
What is unusual Tolstoy's fables?The fact that they have a moral "for growth."For example, the fable "The dog and its shadow" teaches children (and adults) that only need to compete with each other and not look at the others, even if the neighbor "a piece of meat fatter" than you.Fable "Liar" tells the story of a boy who cried for no reason, "Wolves!Wolves! ", And when the Predators came and ate all the flock, the shepherd boy so no one helped, because he cheated more than once.Fable "Two Friends" teaches children to mutual assistance and the fact that you can not throw a man in a difficult moment.
other words, Tolstoy's fables are endowed with easily identifiable moral content, besides they are very close to our children, because when Tolstoy translated Aesop's Fables or composing their own, he tried to make them understandable for the Russian people.
moral fables content
children morals can be taught in different ways.You can select every day, such as 2:00, and teach good sense, but it is likely that the child soon after such systematic notations run away from home and parents hate.And you can read a child's fable, and with it the moral sense to disassemble them, thereby verifying how well the son (or daughter) learned the simple rules of behavior in society.Fables - is "an injection of morality with a pleasant aftertaste," and they, among other things, to teach a child to read.
works of Tolstoy's study of children in secondary schools.Therefore, the question, what is unusual Tolstoy's fables, Grade 4 (his students) have to respond on their own.
philosophical content fables of Leo Tolstoy
But there is one more layer of fables Tolstoy, who is unable to recognize and to see the child, namely the philosophical content of the fables of Leo Tolstoy.Of course, those rare fable in which the philosophical content is not thought out, and really laid into them.For example, it has given here the fable "The dog and its shadow" contains not only worldly, psychological, but also a deep philosophical meaning: a person should only work on yourself.His mind should not be troubled, neither anger nor envy.He has to leave the threshold of the seven deadly sins, there must remain the majority of alarms.
What is unusual Tolstoy's fables, allegory if they present as a necessary part?Only if she or everyday people's property?Certainly not.Allegoric fables Tolstoy leads not only to the traditional and conventional wisdom, but also to the truths of the world's religions.