innovation in any field - is an innovation, a new invention based on the old, sometimes accompanied by breaking the former traditions and practices.Innovation - is a special gift, the ability to invent and progressive thought, if we talk about the quality of the human person.
innovation in art
In art innovations - it is always a clash with criticism, misunderstanding, even condemnation.However, without sculptors, painters, writers, innovators would not develop culture.
example, Giotto di Bondone was the greatest innovator of his time.Since antiquity was made to the figures in religious paintings and frescoes hovered in the air.But the Florentine Giotto first set their feet firmly on the ground.He also changed the spatial concept and the relationship between the painting and the artist, and between the picture and looking at her.Of course, innovation is not immediately met with a warm response, although Giotto di Bondone, and at one time recognized the great master.
Innovators affected by criti
Innovator painter Michelangelo for his innovations almost accused of heresy.After all, he portrayed the bodies of the saints is not just naked, but with undisguised genitals.Three decades later, the Saints "put" the other artists on the orders of the authorities.And only in 1994, the images returned original appearance.Centuries have passed since then.
from criticism of his innovations in the art of suffering sculptor Jean-Baptiste Pigalle (Enlightenment), the artist Theodore Gericault (Romantic era) and many others.
Innovation in the literature in Russian
novator With Latin and translated - "renovator".Innovation - is the enrichment of the literary process, its updates, new discoveries and achievements in literature.
Russian literature richest innovative solutions was the nineteenth century, his 50-60s.Then flourished journalism and literary criticism.In the XIX century Russian literature has become a trendsetter in the world.She vividly discussed abroad.XIX century - the century of the formation of the literary language in Russia, and in many ways contributed to this Pushkin Alexander.The poets of the Golden Age (the so-called in the literature of the XIX century) began to rethink their creativity.In poetry, a new quality, so try to influence people's minds for civilian purposes, in order to improve the country.
Prose also not stood still.Gogol and Pushkin were the founders of the new artistic types.This "little man" Gogol and "superfluous man" Pushkin and others.
nineteenth century ended with pre-revolutionary sentiments.The end of the century opens new names - Leskov Gorky, Ostrovsky and Chekhov.
Innovation Anton Chekhov as a playwright Anton Pavlovich
updated drama.He was against the theatrical and unnatural.In his plays, and life shows people as they are.He refused from the effects of the old theater.
For example, the play "The Cherry Orchard" was completely new for the theater.It was not a drama and romantic comedy.In the play there were no shots, foreign intrigue and dramatic ending.The whole idea was held on the general mood of the collection of all due to the scenes.Chekhov did not give any complicating elements of the play, did not create the main character - a man, which would be spun around the conflict.Chekhov gives viewers and readers to understand the psychology of the characters.Lyricism, simplicity, pause for emphasis and description of the landscape - all enhances the emotional perception.
Stanislavsky said that Chekhov onstage has inner and outer truth.Chekhov puts into his plays innuendo, innuendo, and simple dialogue - as in life.
It was a novelty for the Russian stage and literature.