As you know, the tale - a prose or verse of the national oral creativity (folklore), or fiction.Basically tales are for children.Ask any child: "Write the names of Russian folk tales."Rather, it is with pleasure and joy will perform this kind of request.But, of course, there are also tales for an adult audience.
names of many Russian folk tales have become familiar since childhood, when parents tell the child at night these magical story.Then - a kindergarten, where educators and nurses can also continue the tradition.At school, some such works are included in the program for the study of Russian literature.So, we can say, the tale is with us all his life: as adults we have to read fairy tales to our children and grandchildren.
Russian fairy tales have a pretty clear classification, invented by scientists and literary critics for a more complete study and reflection.The largest division: the works of folklore and author, literary.
Tale folklore passed from mouth to mouth (
Literary (author) tale written by a specific author.It can be created based on the people's work, and can be recycled or used in the original story.A striking example of copyright tales in verse - the creation of Pushkin, the greatest storyteller, who in his works created extravaganza of images and stories, based on folk sources, and even the very names of Russian folk tales (cf. "the Priest and his Worker Balda", "The Fisherman andFish ").
Classification of folk tales
These works of the Russian people, in turn, are subdivided into animal tales, fairy, home, legendary, tiresome and other (rank here and anecdotes, and fables).Some research scientists believe that the basis of people's tales are myths that have lost their original meaning of faith, their sacred ritual and practical application.A work of fiction in the fairy story and art come to the fore.In this way they primarily differ from the epics.And folk tales are characterized by anonymity, orality and collectively.
Household Russian folk tales
names of their childhood, as they say at the hearing.Household tales in folklore occupied a significant place.What is typical for them?They tell about the plot, as a rule, from everyday life (as opposed to magic, for example).Heroes works - real characters: husband, wife, soldier, master, priest, merchant, worker and others.Plots are also no different intricate and tell of the rich fooling the master or sermon foolish and negligent way zheny.Takim, household tale is a work of folklore for household topic.Here are just some of the names of Russian folk tales of this nature: "Porridge (or soup) from an ax", "Pop and the employee", "gentleman and a dog", "gentleman and a man," "Funeral goat", "A fool and birch", "Pot ".For example, everyone knows the tale of savvy soldier who cooks porridge from an ax, that is, as it were, out of nothing, but asks you to bring him a lot of different products, the dish came ponavaristee.
Russian folk fairy tales
their names we remember from childhood.The general atmosphere of magic and all kinds of miracles - a characteristic feature of this type.Plunging into it, every child is brought up on the principles of the global struggle between good and evil (eventually winning the first of the latter), with great ease perceives existing system of universal morality.
magical characters, fairy tales present in Bag of Bones, Baba Yaga, Goblin and water - sometimes good, sometimes evil.They help or hinder the protagonist to realize our plans with the help of various magical items.The names of Russian folk tales about magic for children of different ages, "Sivka-Burke", "Maria Morevna", "Vasilisa the Beautiful", "Ivan Tsarevich and the Grey Wolf", "The Frog Princess," "The Scarlet Flower", "Sister Alyonushkaand brother Ivanushka "and many others.