Among writers there are those whose work is not recognized in their life, because it is not consistent with the views of his time.But it takes years or tens of years, and their work is getting a worthy place in the history of literature.These writers include Andrei Platonov, whose biography is a vivid proof of that.He lived a difficult life.His creative works have suffered blow after blow.It was only in the 80s of XX century came to him worldwide recognition.
Childhood and adolescence
Andrei Platonov, whose biography begins in 1899, was born in a poor family with many children station locksmith Klimentova (real name Platonov) in the city of Voronezh.The fate of the child was largely bleak.Permanent needs and concerns of the brothers and sisters forced the boy at the age of 14 years to begin work at the railway station with her father.There he develops a variety of professions.
Education Andrei Rakhmanov received in the parochial school, but after I started working at the station, he studied and
Labor and literature
Next Andrei Platonov, biography and creativity is at a very early time were closely intertwined with the hard and difficult life, he begins to work productively as a journalist and writer.At the same time he studied at the Voronezh Polytechnic University and works at the railway station.Undoubted literary talent is already apparent at this time.The light goes out of his collection of poems "Blue depth" (1922).
brief biography of Andrei Platonov Platonovich continues that his life at this time is directly related to labor for the benefit of the Voronezh province.He still does not cease to work at the railway station, in addition, land improvement works.His aspirations are similar with the aspirations of many young people.He wants to change the world for the better, believe in technical progress.It is inherent in youthful maximalism, which is well looked through and in his literary works.
Surprisingly, the work he does not forget about the literary activity.His stories are full of the same youthful extremism and faith in technical progress, but do not forget about it, and this native village for themselves.In addition, he actively writes for newspapers and magazines Voronezh, he published in the Moscow newspaper.
biography of Andrei Platonov Platonovich still full of vibrant literary activity, he publishes his stories about the village "in the star desert" (1921) and "Chuldik and Epishka" (1920).But his inventive mind actively manifests itself in writing, and results in science fiction stories and novels: "The descendants of the Sun" (1922), "Markun" (1922), "Moon Bomb" (1926).
continue to prepare us a brief biography of Andrei Platonov Platonovich.In 1927 he and his family moved to Moscow.The decision was quite deliberate, Platonov leaves work at the railway station and wholly given literary work.
fruitful of literary activity is bearing fruit, and the light goes out the story "Epifanskie gateways", which subsequently gives its name to the whole collection of stories.In the works of this period are many harsh realities of Russia at that time.Author unvarnished revising its youthful idealist and maximalist views, criticizing himself.
Besides criticism of the social foundations of Plato's time to speak out strongly on radicalism in the floor, in this regard, the light goes out a pamphlet "Antiseksus" (1928).Here the author makes fun of socialist ideas refusal of physical love in favor of socially useful activity.Author fairly easily expressed toward the government and its ideas.
At the same time formed a completely unique style of Platonov, the main feature of which, surprisingly, is a tongue-tied and directness of words and phrases.Due to this extraordinary and truly unique style words are turning to the reader its true meaning.Write a similar manner there is no one else in Russian literature.Also
style changes Platonov semantic components of their works.Now the former maximalism and faith in a brighter future give way to a philosophical quest for the meaning of life eternal.The heroes of Platonov's works are strange, lonely, looking for people, travelers, eccentric inventors, brooding, eccentric loner.
In this vein biography of Andrei Platonov Platonovich developed and reflected in the published at the time of his pen works - in the story "Yamskaya Sloboda" of 1927, for example.It's kind of a promise to its former rustic style, but revised and redesigned by new philosophies."Grado" in 1928 - is a satire on Soviet bureaucracy."Secret Man" in 1928 about the wanderings of a man who thinks about being against the background of the raging civil war.In these works of Plato presents his quest algorithm of existence very clearly traced human life, its fragility and intimacy of extinction.
Criticism and unsettled
No wonder that at the time such prose unacknowledged.Pretty soon, Andrei Platonov, whose biography and so was not very easy, was out of work in writing.It all began with the fact that the policy in relation to the literature considerably tightened, which coincided with the publication of the essay "Che-Che-O" and the story "casting doubt Makar" in 1929, after which Plato was charged with individualist anarchism.It all stopped printing.Change the situation could not even Maxim Gorky, to which Plato asked for help.
haunted writer and domestic troubles.His family has long been deprived of their own homes and this forced a long time to wander in a rented apartment.And only in 1931, it found a permanent home - the lodge at the house on Tverskoy Boulevard.Today it is a literary institute named after Herzen.Hard times and the rejection of the authorities, of course, negatively affected the situation of the family.
Despite the difficulty pulled hard, Platonov continues to work on the novel "Chevengur," but, of course, at that time to issue the novel in the light failed.This happened only in 1971, in Paris, after the death of the author.
content of the novel describes a utopian commune Chevengur and life in her characters who get there after long wanderings and tribulations.Life in the community really perfect, all are happy and equal.Just incredible sight destroyed with the arrival of the army and the soldiers who destroyed all the inhabitants, and the municipality as well.Romance and all that it takes - is a reflection of reality, which is Plato.Of course, the reality is not so rosy as we would like, but the similarities between the very tangible.In addition, in Platonov's novel does not lose its corporate identity and language.Some critics say that this manner of presentation is not successful and prevents to see the storyline works.
Andrei Platonov, whose biography is closely linked to the political changes in the country, most clearly demonstrated his literary talent in the thirties of the twentieth century.In 1930 Platonov released his major masterpiece - the story "Pit", which will be published for the first time only in 1987.This socialist dystopia, tells the story of a failed industrialization, the tragic collapse of communism and its ideas.In the story, instead of the palace was built a collective grave.Brodsky wrote that Plato submitted himself language era.
Meanwhile, the social situation in the country are tightening, has not done it, and Platonov.During this time he published his story "in store", which describes the failed collectivization, as well as the story of "Garbage wind" in the anti-fascist themes.Unfortunately, the first received harsh assessment of Stalin, the second well has not made its effect.Andrei Platonov, whose biography is not happy and so happy incidents of the writer, again subjected to persecution.He was again stopped typing.
In the mid-twentieth century Andrei Platonov, a brief biography is full of difficulties at this point in time, writes mostly in the table, because it did not publish.
all on the table
Despite this, he works a lot and is very fruitful.It creates novel "Happy Moscow" play "voice of the Father."He also wrote many articles on literary writers such as Pushkin, Paustovsky, Akhmatova, Greene, Hemingway and others.Next, create a story "Juvenile Sea", the theme here is close to the "Foundation Pit" and "Chevengur", then there is another play - "Jukebox".
In his works Platonov is moving away from social issues and proceeds to spiritual experiences and dramas.He wrote a whole series of lyrical short stories, including "The River Potudan" "Aphrodite" and "Clay County garden house" and "Frau".Here the author reinforces the psychological modeling of characters, a deep reading of which was replacing the author's ironic attitude toward love.
's obvious that the writer was not an easy named Andrei Platonov biography.For children, he also wrote, and very successfully, a great example - the story of the "seed" of compassion and orphanhood.
In the years 1933-35 travels to Turkmenistan Andrei Platonov.Brief biography of the writer informs about this.Under the impressions of the trip, he wrote the story "Jan" in a manner peculiar to social tragedy with new lyrical notes.Bright locutions and even zvukopis in this work make it surprisingly rich and rhythmic.
Blow after blow
In 1937, the planned faintly glimpse into the work of a writer by the name of Andrei Platonov.Biography, a summary of which is set out in the article marked an enjoyable event for him.Writer publishes a collection of his short stories "The river Potudan."But the author's expectations did not materialize.The collection has been criticized.In addition, in 1938, against only son Platonov was fabricated case and arrested the guy.
During the war, Andrei Platonov, biography, interesting facts from the life which was always interested in his fans, became a correspondent of the newspaper "Red Star".But here, his story "Family Ivanov" has caused strong dissatisfaction and has been recognized by slandering the Soviet family.
After the war, Andrei Platonov, biography, photos and other facts of life which went to the descendants, could not get adequately in literature.In an attempt to realize the realities of life, he wrote variations on Russian folk tales.In addition, he created the play "Noah's Ark".However, the time does not give him the opportunity to become popular during his lifetime.In 1951 Platonov dies from tuberculosis, infected by a son, who was released from the camp.
Platonov was not recognized by his contemporaries.However, in 1980 his bright originality caused him worldwide interest.Its amazing the language and style of presentation, as well as a difficult life journey finally found his admirers and was appreciated.Despite this, many of Platonov's work to date has not yet been published.