problems of social order were always available, and their tales in their analyzes and criticizes the Saltykov-Shchedrin.In this way he shows love for the country, indifferent to what happens to the native people and his beloved land.
Saltykov-Shchedrin - denouncer of social inequality
Saltykov-Shchedrin knew firsthand all the evils of serfdom.Growing up in a noble family, he has absorbed since childhood hatred of the enslavement of the peasants.Saltykov Shchedrin himself says about his childhood, where suffering, fear and hunger of the peasants summoned to the young writer's soul pain.
Shchedrin comes to study in Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum.Unfortunately, the school is not the way in which it was at the Pushkin: weak teachers.The head of students implanted the idea that their task - "performance leading lights designs".However lyceum years of fruitful impact on the outlook of the writer, that is where he met with Petrashevsky.Friendship famous utopian and writer becomes very strong.
Already in his first works of Saltykov-Shchedrin criticizes the social system and public order.For this writer Nicholas I refers to Vyatka.There Saltykov-Shchedrin even stronger denunciation of the idea of social order.
On his return from exile Saltykov-Shchedrin works in the Ministry, met with Nekrasov and begins to work in "Notes of the Fatherland" and "Contemporary".Whether you're writing a business or public service, we celebrated everywhere around the unique performance of Michael Evgrafovich.
Tale - the crown of the writer
Tales are the crowning creation of Saltykov-Shchedrin.On the one hand, the reference to this genre was driven by political motives.In 1881, the People kill Alexander II.After this event, printed publications are heavily censored.Accordingly, it was necessary to invent a new form to draw the reader's attention to the criticism of social problems.This prompted Saltykov-Shchedrin resort to Aesopian genre - a fairy tale.
was another reason for the fairy tale writer's treatment: he believed, the genre closest to the people, through it you can convey to any reader of your thoughts.The used means of creating comic tales Saltykov-Shchedrin not left indifferent most sectors of society.
«Tales for children a sizeable age" - the so-called first collection of Saltykov-Shchedrin, which includes 28 tales.Why does the writer describes as his audience?Children learn about using the world of fairy tales, as well, according to the Saltykov-Shchedrin, and adults need to open our eyes to reality.
writer himself appears as a narrator - a good-natured tellers, stories through which emerges a sarcastic laugh.Critics described the Saltykov-Shchedrin as the "Russian Prosecutor reality."
most often in a fairy tale raised several relevant topics.They can be reduced to four: denunciation of unlimited power of the king, the ruling class, liberalism, as a writer concerned with the problem of the people.
Artistic originality tales Saltykov-Shchedrin
in scope does not exceed the tale story.But it revealed the most significant in the people and their behavior.The idea is achieved through various means of creating a comic.In fairy tales, Saltykov-Shchedrin are the following artistic features:
1. Communication with folk tales:
- intonation: "Lived but were" "In a kingdom."
- numerals in non-numeric value: "Far Far Away kingdom."
- saying: "According to Pike."
- Fabulous epithets: "Beasts ferocious."
- fabulous names "Ivan the Fool".
2. traced fable tradition.Often referred to as fairy tales in prose, because it shows the allegorical language of human vices through images of animals ("Wise Piscary").
3. The connection of real and fantastic - the main source through which is achieved in the comic tales of Saltykov-Shchedrin.
4. For the typical tales aphoristic language.
Humor and Satire: difference between the concepts
Before analyzing the means of creating comic tales Saltykov-Shchedrin, you must determine that the author uses: humor or satire.These two concepts relate to comic effect, but they have a significant difference: humor - a good laugh, not a challenge to the individual.With satire everything is different: it is malicious, caustic smile.As a rule, it makes fun of human or social vices.The protest and righteous anger - a satire satellites.
It satirical laughter utilizes Saltykov-Shchedrin in fairy tales.This should make readers laugh to think that all is well in the existing order.
As a writer achieves comic
consider means of creating comic tales of Saltykov-Shchedrin.The writer uses several techniques:
- hyperbole (exaggeration).For example, Piscary living 100 years and trembling in his hole (Tale "Wise Piscary").
- Grotesque (compound of reality and fiction).We can say that is inherent in most of the grotesque tales Shchedrin.After all, his characters tend to find themselves in a world of semi-half-real ("The Story of how one man fed two generals" - real generals fantastic way to migrate the author on a desert island).
- Allegory (through images of animals shows human and social vices).For example, a fairy tale "Selfless Hare", which condemned slavery obedience overpowering instinct of self-preservation.And it's built to the nobility.
- Aesopian language.Reception, where the author's speech ironic, full of innuendo and allusions.(Generals, once on the island, "cried the first time after a closed registry").
As you can see, using a variety of tools for creating comic tales of Saltykov-Shchedrin.The writing on this topic should cover every meal.
analysis tools comic fairy tale "The Wild landowner"
Let us examine one of the fairy tales to describe a means of creating comic tales of Saltykov-Shchedrin."Wild landlord" - one of the most popular works of the writer of this genre.The tale tells of landlords who remained without serfs.He felt that, having lost the "peasant" heal well, but the opposite happened.The landlord is so wild, that was like a beast.
Saltykov-Shchedrin in the tale raises an important point: the boundless power of the landlord class, the peasantry, the stupidity and futility of life of landowners.Donoso author of his idea, using specific tools: hyperbole, grotesque, synecdoche and antithesis.
hyperbolic image of the landowner after missing peasants: overgrown hair, nails, lost the ability to speak.If we talk about the grotesque enough cite as an example the fact that the peasants were gone from the estate.In addition, the Saltykov-Shchedrin easily passes from the real to the fantastic: here the landlord lives in the fortress - a real situation, running wild, "no man" - fantastic, the man appeared - life again become realistic.
The composition used antithesis of fairy tales - the opposition: a full life with a man opposed to the landlord lives without a man.To give the phenomenon slavish peasantry scale character, the writer resorts to synecdoche, reception, at which stands across the whole of the "man" in a fairy tale - it's all the peasantry as a whole.
author ironic language, his tone is characteristic of Aesop language (landlord could not utter articulate sounds already, "but has not yet acquired a tail").
We considered a means of creating comic tales of Saltykov-Shchedrin.The writing will be incomplete, if not highlight artistic means: metaphors ("fireball") and adjectives ("golden word", "crumbly body").
used by the author and folklore motifs.This is achieved in the comic tales of Saltykov-Shchedrin.The writing of "wild landlord" - is no exception.Note: intonation ("in a realm") sayings ("living happily ever after"), folklore images of animals (bears thoughtful, cowardly hare, clever little mouse), threefold repetition (three times the landowner took guests when peasants have disappeared).
tales Shchedrin - a monument of satire.Using folk poetic tradition, the writer was able to embody a rich ideological content.