Mikhail Evgrafovich - the great Russian writer and satirist.Saltykov-Shchedrin's life began in 1826, 27 (15) January Tver province in the village of Spas-Angle.It is hereditary nobleman and his family was wealthy.
Saltykov-Shchedrin: biography - a brief history of childhood
The future writer was oppressive mother.Zabelin Olga was completely devoid of humanity, and its image later embodied in "The Lord Golovlyovo."The family had six children, and despite the fact that Michael was known as a favorite, family squabbles, he navidalsya full.But if it's a boy, on the contrary, tempered.The period of up to ten years later almost autobiographical author describes in "Poshehonsky antiquity."Saltykov always remembered his childhood bitterly and usually did not like to talk about it.His childhood took place mostly in solitude, all the older children have already departed to study.And raising his little doing for real.
Interesting facts from the life of Saltykov-Shchedrin begin already with his fam
Mikhail Saltykov Evgrafovich began his career with the expulsion.In August 1844 he enlisted in the office of the St. Petersburg, in 1846, a young man there was able to get the position of assistant secretary of Minister of War.And at 22 years old, in 1848, he was exiled to Vyatka for his first literary research.However, he continued to serve, and his career was brilliant.He served twice as Vice-Governor in the province of Ryazan and Tver.
literary debut in 1847, the debut of Saltykov-Shchedrin as a writer.At first review, and then two novels, published in the journal "Notes of the Fatherland."Leaving them under pseudonyms M. Nepanov and MS
real fame came to him in 1856 when he published his series "Provincial Essays", from this moment, and entered into the practice of the pseudonym Nicholas Shchedrin, who later became part of his name.And there was a tradition to publish their works in cycles.
Essays Essays Shchedrin primarily on government orders, those who execute such orders must, implement.Saltykov-Shchedrin Mikhail Evgrafovich specially devoted his creative image Russian officials to mid 60s.
-Shchedrin writer begins to prevail over the Saltykov-official.This is especially clearly comes at a time when Nekrasov come to the journal "Notes of the Fatherland" and calling as co-editor of Saltykov-Shchedrin.In 1868, Saltykov-ever official gives way writer Shchedrin.
Since 1878, after the death of Nekrasov, Saltykov-Shchedrin became the sole editor of "Notes of the Fatherland."It was an epoch in his life.
Interesting facts from the life of Saltykov-Shchedrin as criticism
Saltykov-Shchedrin himself perceives himself as a critic.Criticism foundations, orders officials.In the 60 years he is a "fire" fellow writers.
The fact that the writer offers readers a satire, but not from the perspective of an outside observer, a man who is his for the environment.It is for this and has repeatedly accused Saltykov-Shchedrin.And the most outspoken critic was Dmitry Pisarev.He said that he had not enough to scoff at the existing system, and in general, is reprehensible to mock the bureaucratic machine of the state, being the most part of it.It is a paradox from the moral point of view.Pisarev generally believed that literature should not give pleasure, and recipes to readers how to live.He said, for example, that Pushkin useless.After all, what he teaches "Eugene Onegin"?
Pisarev throws Saltykov-Shchedrin and stronger rebuke.It is believed that in the 60 years of facing each other in two directions of Russian literature: the pure art that is eternal beauty, and civil literature.Like the works of Saltykov-Shchedrin belongs to the second of the mentioned areas.But Pisarev says a terrible thing: that Saltykov-Shchedrin in the literature is useless fashion for laughter, banter, nasmeshnichestvo, which has nothing to do with a genuine change of reality.
changes in the work
At the turn of the 60s - 70s Mikhail Evgrafovich offers its readers something completely new - this is not just a series of essays, and the whole work - "The Story of a City".It is a parody of the benevolent historical chronicles.The town serves as a model of the world.City silly - it's about Russia.This work is very important critique of bureaucracy.
In the mid 80s the works of Saltykov-Shchedrin become brand new.He called them fairy tales.They were about thirty.They are filled with political satire and published in the newspaper "Russian Gazette", which in itself is strange.After all, fairy tales usually in the newspapers do not print.But it was, the author said that he wanted: a tale all is not limited.As in the familiar fairy tales in his works there are no happy endings.They are full of irony and more like stories and novels.
satirical Russian literature plays an important role is Saltykov-Shchedrin.Brief biography can not convey the fullness of the mystery of this phenomenon in Russian literature, Mikhail Evgrafovich.They called him a great diagnostician evils and ailments.
Interesting facts from the life of Saltykov-Shchedrin told the people who worked with him.It was said that his character was very nervous and irritable.And this affects the work.Therefore, it is difficult to read.The works can not be "swallowed".
«Golovlevs" - one of the darkest things in Russian literature.Is that it approached Dostoevsky, wrote "The Brothers Karamazov."
Interesting facts from the life of Saltykov-Shchedrin include the fact that many of the words that we still use, invented and introduced to the literature and the life he is.For example, the word "spineless."Michael Evgrafovich created and introduced its own system of literature ironic allusions.The author also tried to write poetry, but after the first unsuccessful attempt at writing poetry ever thrown.Saltykov-Shchedrin studied at the same high school, and that Alexander Pushkin, and it was there they both began to write.
writer lived for 63 years.He died in the spring of 1889.