«Who Lives Well in Russia" - one of the most famous works of NANekrasov.In the poem, the writer was able to repel all the hardships and suffering that is suffering Russian people.Particularly significant in this context, the characteristics of the characters."Who Lives Well in Russia" - a work rich with bright, expressive and distinctive characters, which we consider in the article.
special role for the understanding of the product plays the beginning of the poem "Who Lives Well in Russia".Prologue fabulous intonation reminiscent of the type "In a certain kingdom»:
In what year - count,
Which ground - guess ...
further describes peasants who came from different villages (Neelova, Zaplatova etc.).All names and the names of speakers, they Nekrasov gives a clear description of places and characters.In the prologue begins the journey of men.At the end and fabulous elements in the text, the reader is introduced to the real world.
Heroes All the heroes of the poem can be div
- Ivan Gubin Mitrodor;
Then there are the landlords: Obolt-Obolduev;Glukhov;Duck;Shalashnikov;Seine.
Serfs and peasants met travelers: Yakima Naga, Yegor Shutov, Yermil Jilin, Sidor, Hypatia Vlas, Klim, Hleb, Jacob Agape Proshka, Savely, Matrona.
And heroes do not belong to major groups: Vogel, Altynnikov, Grisha.
Now consider the key characters of the poem.
Grisha Grisha Dobrosklonov appears in an episode of "Feast", this character is dedicated to all the epilogue of the work.He himself was a seminarian, the son of the village clerk Big Vahlaki.Grisha's family lives very poorly, but thanks to the generosity of the peasants managed to rouse himself and his brother Sava.Their mother died young hired hand from overwork.For Grisha its image merged with the image of the motherland, "With love to the poor mother, love for all vahlachine."
While still a child of fifteen, Grisha Dobrosklonov decided to devote his life to helping people.In the future he wants to go to Moscow to study, as long as his brother could help the peasants like: working with them, says the new laws, they read documents, write letters for them.Gregory writes songs that are recorded observations of the poverty and suffering of the people, the arguments about the future of Russia.The appearance of this character reinforces the lyricism of the poem.Relationship Nekrasov to his hero clearly positive, the writer sees it as a revolutionary of the people, which should be an example for the upper strata of society.Grisha thought and voiced the position of the Nekrasov, the solution of social and moral issues.The prototype of this character feel NADobrolyubova.
Ipat - "slave sensitive" because it calls Nekrasov, and this characteristic can hear the irony of the poet.Laughter is the character and strangers, when they learn about his life.Ipat - a grotesque character, he became the epitome of the faithful lackey, master's slave, who remained faithful to his master, even after the abolition of serfdom.He is proud and considers himself a great boon for the way his master bathed in the hole, harnessed to a cart, saved from death, which he and condemned.This character can not cause Nekrasov even sympathy, only laughter and contempt heard by the poet.
Korchagin Matrona Timofeevna
Peasant Matryona Timofeevna Korchagin - heroine who dedicated Nekrasov entire third part of the poem.Here's how the poet describes it: "portly woman of thirty Eighth, broad and dense.Beautiful ... big eyes ... severe and swarthy.On her white shirt, but sundress short. "Travellers lead to a woman of her word.Matrona agreed to talk about his life, if men help in the harvest.The title of this chapter ("Peasant Woman") stresses typical of the fate of Russian women Korchagin.And the words of the author "is not the case among the women look happy," underscore the futility of searching for wanderers.
Matrona Timofeevna Korchagin was born in teetotal, a good family, and she lived there happily.But after marriage she was "in hell": father in law - drunk, superstitious mother in law, sister in law had to work without straightening his back.With her husband Matrona was lucky: he beat her only once, but all the time, except for the winter, he was earning money.Therefore, for a woman, and there was no one to stand up, the only one who tried to protect her - grandfather Savely.Woman suffers harassment Sitnikov, on which there is no council, because it is the manor manager.The only consolation Marya becomes her first child - Dema, but due to an oversight Savely he dies: Boy eat pig.
takes time, Matrona, new children, die of old age parents and grandfather Savely.The most difficult are the lean years, when the whole family has to starve.When her husband, the last defender, take a soldier out of the lineup, it goes to the city.Is a house of general strikes and legs to his wife asking to intercede.With the help of the general's Marya and her husband returned home.It was after this incident it all feel lucky one.But in the future, a woman waiting for some misfortune: her eldest son was in the army.Nekrasov, summing up, said that the key to women's happiness has long been lost.
Agap - inappeasable and foolish man, according to knowledgeable of his peasants.And all because Peter did not want to put up with a voluntary slavery, on which the fate pushed the peasants.The only thing that could calm him down - wine.
When he was caught carrying a log of the master's forests, and accused of stealing, he broke down and the owner has expressed what she thought about the real situation and living in Russia.Klim Lavin, unwilling to punish Agape dramatizes the brutal massacre against them.Then, wanting to comfort her, watered it.But the humiliation and excessive drinking leads to the hero that morning he died.This is the fee for the right of farmers to openly express their ideas and the desire to be free.
Veretennikova met the men in the village Kuzminskiy at the fair, he was a collector of folklore.Nekrasov gives uneventful characteristic of his appearance, and does not speak about its origin: "What sort, rank, did not know the men."However, for some reason, everyone calls him a gentleman.This uncertainty is essential to the image of Pavlusha wore a generalized nature.Against the background of people Veretennikov stands out for its concern about the fate of the Russian people.He is not indifferent observer, as members of the plurality of inactive committees that exposes Yakima Naga.Nekrasov emphasizes kindness and compassion the hero that had marked his first appearance unselfish act: Pavlusha helps farmer who buys the shoes granddaughter.Genuine concern for the people and travelers to a "master."
prototype served as a way of ethnographers and folklorists Pavel Rybnikov Paul Iakushkin involved in the democratic movement of 60-ies of XIX century.Last name is owned by journalist PFVeretennikova who visited rural fairs and publish a report in the "Moscow News".
Jacob - the faithful slave, a former serf, tells about it in terms of a poem titled "Feast."The hero was a true master, suffered any punishment and served without complaint, even the heaviest work.It was not until as long as the gentleman who liked the bride of his nephew, did not send the order to the recruiting service.Jacob first started drinking, but still returned to the owner.But the man wanted to take revenge.Once, when he was carrying Polivanova (master) to his sister, Jacob left the road in Devil's Ravine, unharnessed the horse and hanged in front of the owner, wanting to leave the whole night alone with his conscience.Similar cases of revenge were indeed distributed to the peasants.The basis of their history took Nekrasov true story he had heard from the AFKony.
characteristics of heroes "Who Lives Well in Russia" is not possible without a description of the character.It Yermil can be attributed to the lucky who searched for travelers.The prototype of the hero became ADPotanin, a farmer, managing the estate Orlov, famous for its unprecedented equity.
Jilin honor among farmers because of its honesty.For seven years he was mayor, but only once allowed himself to abuse power not given his younger brother Mitra recruits.But the unjust act before Ermila tortured that he nearly killed himself.Saved the intervention of the master, who restored justice unfairly sent back to the army and sent to serve the peasant Mitra, but personally took care of him.Jilin then left the service and became a miller.When the mill that he rented, sold, Ermila won the bid, but he did not have any money to pay the deposit.Peasant rescued people: half an hour for him to put together a thousand rubles remembering the good guys.
All actions Kirin ruled desire justice.Despite the fact that he lived in prosperity and had a considerable household, when a peasant revolt broke out, he did not stand aside, for which he was in jail.
continuing characteristics of the hero."Who Lives Well in Russia" - a work of rich characters of different classes, character and aspirations.Nekrasov therefore could not appeal to the image of the priest.According to Luke, that the priest should "be lived fun freely in Russia."And the first is on its way seekers of happiness greeted rural priest who denies the words of Luke.The priest is no happiness, wealth or tranquility.Yes, and get an education is very difficult.It is not sweet life clergyman: he accompanied on his last journey of dying, blessed to be born, and it hurts his soul for the suffering and torture people.
But the people are not particularly honors the priest.He and his family are constantly the targets for superstitions, jokes, lewd jokes and songs.And all the wealth of the clergy consisted of donations of parishioners, many of whom were landowners.But with the abolition of serfdom, a great part of the rich congregation dispersed around the world.In 1864, the clergy, and deprived of even one article of income: Believers by decree of Emperor transferred the custody of civilian authorities.And with the pennies that bring farmers, "zhivitsya hard."
Gavrila Afanasievich Obolt-Obolduev
Our characterization of the heroes of "Who Lives Well in Russia" is coming to an end, of course, we could not give a description of all the characters of the poem, but included a review of the most important.Their last significant characters became Gavrila Obolt-Obolduev - representative of the manor estate.He is plump, puzatenky, usatenky, rosy, prisadisty, he was sixty years old.One of illustrious ancestors Gavrila Afanasevicha - Tatar, who entertained the Empress wild beasts, stealing from the treasury and plotting arson Moscow.Obolt-Obolduev proud of his ancestor.But it saddens the abolition of serfdom, because now he can no longer profit from peasant labor as before.His sadness landlord covers the care of a man and the fate of Russia.
This idle, ignorant and hypocritical people believe that the purpose of his class in one - "to live someone else's labor."Creating this image of an impartial, Nekrasov does not skimp on the weaknesses and gives his character more and cowardice.This feature appears in the comic when Obolt-Obolduev takes unarmed peasants for robbers and threatens them with a gun.More work should dissuade the peasants of the former owner.
Thus, the poem Nekrasov near saturated bright, original characters designed from all sides reflect the situation of the people in Russia, the attitude of different social classes and authorities.It is because so many descriptions of human destinies, often having basically true stories, the product leaves no one indifferent.