Gogol's "Taras Bulba" - a work ambiguous.On the one hand, she sings like incredible strength of the Russian spirit, the other - the modern reader frightening descriptions of ancient atrocities.We can only be thankful for the fact that we did not have to live in the harsh times.
All the values of the Cossacks, their means of achieving the goals and lifestyle of today look wildness unholy.
meeting family Bulba
plot will remember still at school: the old Colonel Taras Bulba, waiting of the Kiev Academy of his two sons - senior Ostap and junior Andria, is sent along with them in the Sich, for his attitude toall these "Primer and philosophy" skeptical.True science finds an old Cossack hottest battle so masculine camaraderie.
his sons - two healthy, beautiful boys age "for twenty years."Like them different: the characteristic Ostap begins to clear from the first page.As soon as he returned home, he comes into the fight with his own father, not letting on themselves to make fun (old Bulba seemed ridi
Person Young Ostap
Personality their heroes Gogol describes a few, but expressive phrase, the characteristics of Ostap meaner several others.Man, it's a straightforward, faithful companion, never betrays his accomplices on the seminary idea.
to the teachings of the eldest son of Taras indifferent - only the threat of twenty years to be in the servant of the monastery, announced by his father, forcing him to take up science.And here it is found that the ability he is no worse than others, but all the same Ostap almost never about anything not think other than "War and riotous revelry."
At the same time, and kindness is not alien to his heart (but with reservations on the "stern and strong" character, and the same era).Tears unhappy mother eldest son sorry and he leaves the house, sadly lowered his head.
Cherchez la femme
second son Bulba is different from the first-born: Comparative characteristics of Ostap and Andriy immediately available to the reader.The younger brother is not so surly temper - he is more inclined to science, and to all sorts of feelings.Dreaming of feats of arms, he, however, thinks, and much more.Interestingly, the leadership of the Academy showed Andrew, often visiting the ringleader of various pranks, and resourcefulness and alertness at times saved him from punishment.In this sense, characteristic of Ostap opposite: not aspire to leadership, does not consider it necessary to justify.He took a deserved punishment in silence, without a murmur, and said that the lack of cunning, and of a pride.
main difference, which says the attentive reader response Andria and Ostap - a woman's place in the soul of each of them.If the older brother about it and does not think the younger learned early on the need for love, as soon as he passed eighteen.
ratio Taras Bulba to the weak half of humanity more than contempt."Kazak not something to mess around with women" - that is characteristic of peremptory Taras.Ostap, apparently, his father was able to bring up in the "right" spirit.With the younger did not work: While still a student he met in Kiev "beautiful Polish girl" daughter visiting magistrates, and falls in love with her fatally.This sense and lead to his death.
scientists in the fight
arrived in Sich, Bulba senior immediately accepted tamp ataman make fighting campaign (to the sons nyuhnuli powder).Having been refused, the old Colonel bursts into an angry tirade, the meaning of which is that life without war - is meaningless.
Eventually Taras finally "lucky".The Cossack Kosh is a bad news that in Ukraine Poles oppressed Orthodox people, and even churches are now owned by Jews - to serve the service, you have to pay "the Jews."Kill little children of Israel in the vicinity of the Sich Cossacks act valiant campaign and come to the fortified city of Dubno, whose inhabitants are willing to fight to the last, but not to surrender to the army of Zaporozhye.We can not say that such a position is incorrect: the description of the feats of arms of the Cossacks is not suggestive of the manifested mercy, where there is: everywhere were brave warriors, they burned, killed, robbed and tortured - are repeats Gogol were the customs of the cruel time.
Reason and passion
So Dubno not give up, but its inhabitants are in a difficult situation: the food in town, the surrounding villages looted and Cossacks camped before the walls, intending to keep the siege until hunger will do what could notweapon.
During the fighting finally becomes clear what the eldest son Taras - Ostap Bulba: characteristic, given him by his father, the most flattering: "It will be good over time, Colonel, but still such that the belt and dad shut up!".The eldest of the brothers, despite the relatively young age (he was twenty-two), manifests itself as a person, created "to administer military matter."He is brave, cold-blooded, calculating in battle, able to sensibly evaluate their position and strength of the enemy.His mind is occupied victory - and he finds a way to achieve the desired, even temporarily receded.
Immediately finally determined by the difference between the brothers, Andrew and Ostap response does not conflict with what is already known about them, on the contrary - it is complemented by new facts.
younger son Taras sees the battle "frenzied bliss and ecstasy."He is not prone to preliminary estimates or reflections: this nature, rather passionate and sensual, rather than calm and reasonable.Sometimes the pressure of a desperate courage he can do the impossible, and then the father approves of his son, still preferring the elder: "This is a good soldier ...!Not Ostap, and kind, and good soldier! ".
Under a besieged city Cossacks toil of boredom, drink, play tricks.Described by Gogol Zaporozhye discipline terrified to military expert: the camp was asleep, and only Andriy roams the steppe with the anguish of heart - nothing but a premonition of his fate.And indeed, that's stolen someone's ghostly figure.Dazed, he finds his servant Kiev familiar: Tatar, having got an underground passage from the besieged city, came to ask for his bread Andria Pannochki.
behavior of the characters in the course of subsequent events coordinated with the personality of each.We can say that the performance of Taras Bulba, Ostap Andrei completed - can only understand how the spiritual qualities are able to determine the fate.
younger member of the family, sensual and eager for pleasure, loses his head.Going to a beautiful Polish girl with bread, Andre forgets his duty and his homeland."My Motherland - you!" - He says sweetheart, and still in the besieged city, going over to the enemy.
news of betrayal son brought a Jew Yankel, painful wounds of Taras.Vain attempt to comfort him: remember the old colonel, that "the great power of a weak woman ... that the malleable nature of this side of Andria."
Nevertheless, awareness of filial weakness does not encourage Bulba forgiveness - he is stubborn, cruel and ruthless in his principles: luring the younger son in the woods during the battle, the father kills his son with the words, for a long time have become winged: "Igave birth to you, I'll kill you! ".
lost one son, the father of all his love and pride gives to another.Brutally hacked in battle, miraculously surviving, he went to Warsaw itself, to try to rescue from captivity Ostap - but this, unfortunately, can not be done.Father and was not able to see his son (not least because of the temper of the Taras, who failed to endure insults guards who tried to bribe sycophantic speeches and gold pieces familiar Yankel).
give up hope, the old Bulba is present in the square, where executed prisoners, and characterization of Ostap, this earlier, once again confirmed.Under torture, he does not emit any sound, not to deliver the "heretics" -polyakam kozachi pleasure to hear the groans.His soul faltered only once, when the most cruel agony, and then succumbed to weakness (probably the only time in his short life) Ostap cried in agony of soul: "Batko!Where are you!Do you hear ?! "and stand among the onlookers he said Bulba loved his son," I hear you! ".