When a person hears the word "fable", he remembered Ivan Krylov, La Fontaine, Aesop, but hardly anyone thinks of the giant Russian prose of LN Tolstoy, and yet he showed himself in this genre, too.In this paper will be examined in detail the moral of the fable "T
There was a lion, and then old and could no longer hunt animals as before.But he has not given up and decided to continue to earn their living by force and cunning.Lying in a cave, he pretended to be ill and sent for different animals (edible, of course) to visit them to his provedyvat.Animals in the cave and back home were not returned.Once at the light looked to Leo Fox, but it turned out to be smarter than other animals.Kuma wolf in Russian fairy tales stopped at the entrance to the cave where he lay "sick" Leo, when he asked her why she does not go into his apartment, Fox replied: "Because not enter that in the wake of see - includes many, and outputsno".That's the story, and the moral of the fable "The Lion and the Fox" Leo Tolstoy follows.She vividly displayed in comparison with the original Aesop.
Lost in Translation.Aesop and Tolstoy
the ancient Greeks is the same story, but he has the last phrase of Fox: "And went to, if it was not seen that in a cave is a lot of tracks, and the cave - no."
In Aesop's fable morals "The Lion and the Fox" only that smart people can bypass any trick.Tolstoy, when translating the fable, somewhat changed the ending.The word "footprint" refers to the imprint left by man or beast, it is a particular object.When Lisa Lev Nikolayevich says, "includes many, and there is no escape" - in this already heard something existential, like Fox broadcasts on behalf of the author and the verdict all things.Here's a different interpretation can be obtained on "moral fable" The Lion and the Fox ", if we analyze only the last words of Fox Aesop and Leo Tolstoy.
MABulgakov covenant: "Do nothing to ask from those above you»
Go ahead and sinking deeper into the realm of pure, not a scientific, but a literary fiction.If MABulgakov could publicly reflect on the moral sense fables of Leo Tolstoy, then came to the following: the creator of "The Master", of course, would be immediately made Vixen (or rather, it would be Fox), the personification of a creative person,and Leo, of course - is the personification of power.And based on this model is not too complicated, you can read the moral of the fable "The Lion and the Fox" Tolstoy is not the way I wanted inhabitant of Yasnaya Polyana, when I read it in the peasant kiddies he created his own school.MABulgakov would say: a creative person should be afraid of the authorities and stay away from her at a respectful distance.Talk to her to be so that it does not hurt, and in any case not to show their superiority, neither mental nor moral.It is vital, yes?Such reading and interpretation of the theme "The moral of the fable" The Lion and the Fox "Tolstoy" in the style of Mikhail Bulgakov.It is said that he-author of "The Heart of a Dog" secretly hoped that his power is still notice and dealt well.But still, as a reasonable man, and highly insightful, he still chose itself as the main strategy of behavior with the power of caution and was absolutely right, because give or not to give gifts - is unknown, but crush the can in one minute ceremony.
lessons of classical and modern
Modern Greek and whether the instruction of Russian classics?Of course, yes, indeed, and that the interpretation of the views of Bulgakov, which is given in this article is also relevant.The principles of the state system is still the same in the Russian land that 80 years ago, however, the political climate is much milder.And we even have the freedom of speech now, but is still better not to flirt with the power, and it does not blindly trust - swallow at one point in the case.
If we go back to the main hero of the story and its moral message, the moral of the fable "The Lion and the Fox" Tolstoy is still relevant: the child is still nice to know that if he is a good student, he will be able to recognize any cunning and brilliant onher answer.Well, and what he finds: any force can be answered by cunning, and now strong - weak, and the weak - strong.Hence how a person may have been strong, he does not care to learn.
House MD: "Everybody lies" and "People do not change»
Finally interpretation of one of the "heroes of our time," modern "Sherlock Holmes" of medicine - Doctor House.If he was asked to answer the question, what is the moral of the fable "The Lion and the Fox" Tolstoy?He would have said in a cynical and ironic style: it is that the people (and animals) are not changed, and all the non-stop lying.So, Leo can not be believed.Accordingly, Fox did the right thing.And, of course, fictional best diagnostician in the world would not have left without Leo diagnosis and treatment.At the end of the history of Leo could run around and kill animals as usual.Thus came the presentation of the topic "moral fable" The Lion and the Fox "in his own words.