Nekrasov created many wonderful images of peasants in the poem "Who Lives Well in Russia".Among these, it stands a century old, a survivor of many hardships in his life.But, despite his age, he still retained the power and strength of spirit."Holy Russia Bogatyr" - is the definition of the product gets grandfather Savely.
«Who Lives Well in Russia": Chapter Summary 3.4 Part 3
Guys pilgrims who choose certainly find the answer to the question in the title of the poem, we learned about this hero of the young woman, Marya Timofeevna."The same was lucky," - she said at the time the story of his life.
Matrona met with his grandfather Savely, when he was already about a hundred years.He lived apart from the family's son in her closet, and the only gently and carefully treated his young wife's grandson.The hero always loved the forest, where at the time ripe old age loved to collect mushrooms and berries, set snares for birds.This is the first characteristic Savely.
«Who Lives Well in Russia" - a poe
What Savely attractive way to work, "Who Lives Well in Russia?"
According to Matri, an old man in a hundred years looked tall and strong, so it's more like a huge bear.With a large, long sheared a gray mane.Bent, but still impresses with its grandeur - in his youth, in his stories, he alone opposed the bear and lifted her in Rohatyn.Now, of course, the power was not that much: the hero is often asked the question: "Where Silushka erstwhile gone?" Nevertheless, Matrona appeared Kohl straighten grandfather to his full height, be sure to pierce a hole in the head attic.That description is complemented by the characteristic Savely.
«Who Lives Well in Russia" tells the story of the early years of the hero, including the story of how he found himself in prison.
In the days of his youth Dedova korezhskie native place is deaf and impassable.Forest and marshes, which lie around, were familiar to local farmers, but inspired fear to outsiders, including the master.Nekrasov not just enters into the poem - with this, in fact, begins characteristics Savely - "Who Lives Well in" combination "korezhsky" edge.This in itself represents an incredible physical strength and endurance.
So Shalashnikov landowner the peasants did not look at all, and the police came once a year to collect tribute.The fortress itself was equated to freestyle: paying a little and lived in prosperity, as merchants.At first, even gave dues honey, fish, animal skins.Over time, as the hour approached payments ryadilis beggars.Although Shalashnikov flogged them so that the "skin" on a century tempered, peasants who stood for the fiefdom, proved adamant."However Deri and sincerely not vytryasesh" - thought so, and Savely."Who Lives Well in Russia" shows that the character of the hero tempered and secured in an environment where he and his friends felt their freedom.And so by the end of life could not be any change of this belief, nor the proud character.In a hundred years Savely also advocated for the right to be independent, including from relatives.
In his grandfather's story drew attention to another point - not always tolerate bullying Russian peasant.He remembered a time when the people wanted and could stand up for himself.
protest against the arbitrariness of the death
Shalashnikova peasants hoped, that now comes completely free.But the heirs of a German manager sent.He first pretended to be calm and quiet, dues are not required.And he tricked farmers to dry the swamp and cut through the clearing.When come to their senses, it was too late foolishly imagine themselves paved the way for.Here's the merchant of their habitation has ended - said in his story Savely.
«Who Lives Well in Russia" - a work which presents the best of the Russian character.In the case of a German author shows the unity of the people, which has always dreamed of.It turned out that the break accustomed to the free life of the peasants was not easy.Eighteen years they somehow pulled down power control, but come and limit their patience.Once Christians Hristyanych forced them to dig a hole, and by the end of the day protested that nothing has been done.The people are tired - worked hard - boiled anger accumulated over the years, and suddenly it's the solution.Savely lightly, shoulder, pushed the German to the pit.Standing next to his nine comrades immediately understood everything - and in a few minutes the hated Vogel live buried in the same pit.Of course, for such an act was followed by punishment, but in the soul of each remains the satisfaction of having not obeyed.Not by chance the old man with the word "convict", addressed to his son, each time answered, "branding, but not a slave."And this is one of the main qualities of the hero, which he was always proud.
Twenty years of hard labor and the same number of settlements - that was the verdict rebels.But he could not change the attitude to life of the people to whom belonged Savely.The image of the character of the product "Who Lives Well in Russia" in the new test even more hardened.Spanking in prison, and then in Siberia after a failed escape in comparison with punishments Shalashnikova seemed to him a worthless smearing.Hard work was also not new.Savely even managed to save money on that, returning to their homes, he built a house.It remains a desire for independence and freedom.Perhaps that is why the old man of the family is allocated only grandson's wife, Marya.It was the same as it is: rebellious, committed, ready to fight for their own happiness.
This is another important part of the story of the hero - in the end it is composed of small parts in a small chapter characteristic Savely.
«Who Lives Well in Russia" - a poem about the "lucky ones."But can it be attributed to the person who felt alone in their family?Marya said that my grandfather did not like to communicate with relatives and therefore settled in the Upper Room.The reasons were simple: pure heart and kind by nature Savely could not accept the anger and jealousy reigned in the family.The son of the old man did not possess any of the qualities of his father.There was no kindness, no sincerity, no craving for work.But the marked indifference to everything, the tendency to idleness and drinking.It differs little from his wife and the rest in old maids daughter.In order to somehow punish relatives Savely started to joke sometimes.For example, his son threw tin "coin" made from buttons.As a result, the latter was returning from the tavern beaten.A hero is only laughed.
Later loneliness Savely enrich Matrona and Demushka.Even after the death of a child the old man recognizes that his grandson next to harden the heart and soul thawed, and he again felt full of strength and hope.
history with Demushkoy
death of a boy has become a real tragedy for the old man, although the origins of what happened to look for in the way of Russian life at that time.In-law forbade Matrona take in the son, supposedly interfere with my work, and the child began to look a century Savely.
«Who Lives Well in Russia" - characteristic of its heroes do not always get a fun - a poem about the ordeal, to cope with which not everyone on the shoulder.So in this case, I have seen a lot in my lifetime hero suddenly really felt like a criminal.He could not forgive himself for having fallen asleep and did not doglyadel for the child.Savely week did not leave his cell, and then went to the forest, which always feel free and confident.In autumn, he settled in the monastery to repent and pray.He asked God to heart sank mother-martyr and that she forgave him unreasonable.And the elder soul ached for all the Russian peasantry, the busy, with a hard life - he will tell you about it at the meeting, which happened a few years after the tragedy, Matrona.
Thoughts of people
Feature Savely from the poem "Who Lives Well in Russia" would be incomplete without mention of the attitude of the hero to the Russian peasantry.The busy, yet he calls courageous people, capable to endure in this life any test.Hands and feet shackled forever, on the back like a primeval forests have passed, and in the chest - "Elijah the prophet ... ... thundering chariot of fire."He describes a peasant hero.Then he adds, the true hero.And he concludes his speech by saying that after the death of human suffering does not end there - in this case, unfortunately, we hear motives of humility Elder-novice.For in the world to wait for the same accident, "the pains of hell" - says Savely.
«Who Lives Well in Russia": the characteristic "hero Svyatogorsk" (conclusions)
Summing up, we can say that the image of the hero embodies the best qualities of the Russian people.The narrative about him reminds folk tale or epic.A strong, proud, independent, he towers over the rest of the characters of the poem, and, in fact, is the first rebel, who defended the people's interests.However, a comparison with the hero Svyatogor not accidental.It was considered the hero in Russia at the same time the strongest and most inactive.In his reflections on the future of the people coming to Savely little raduyuschemu conclusion: "God knows."Consequently, the image from the poem "Who Lives Well in Russia" is very controversial and does not answer the question of strangers.And therefore the search for a happy story does not end until then, until a young and energetic peasants Grisha.