What unites Socrates and Aesop?Some researchers doubt that these people were in the world.Unfortunately, neither Socrates nor by Aesop left the author's works.Their writings have reached us in the retelling of others.Nevertheless, both had a significant impact on our culture.However, the first anthropologist poisoned poison hemlock, aside and talk about the fabulist and his successors: Ivan Krylov and Freud.
ancient Greek poet wrote fables in prose.Is no exception and the work that is considered in this article.Form of Aesop's Fables, "The Fox and the Grapes" prosaic.
Recall the story.Fox was hungry and suddenly saw a ripe bunch of grapes, and when it was not able to grasp, then said to myself that there is nothing to regret, because "sour grapes" (IA Krylov).Aesop's fable itself takes a little more space than our retelling, and written it, of course, a remarkable language.
Each fable contains a certain ancient Greek is very accurate observation about people and human nature in general,
What is "Aesop language"?
ancient Greeks remembered as the whole of humanity that lives in its collective memory to this day.And full responsibility for this lies not so much a form of Aesop's fable "The Fox and the Grapes", as its contents.Though, probably, and the form and content of the works should be equally divided credit for immortal fame fabulist.
But let's talk about the specifics of "Aesop language."In the conventional sense, it is a stable expression means allegory.However, not every such formulation may be considered worthy of the name of the ancient fabulist.Prized only one that can show off a huge semantic content on the small amount of printed or verbal communication.
Among the many fans of Aesop was a great writer and native IA Krylov.He became acquainted with the ancient Greeks when reading French - La Fontaine.Ivan Krylov liked the story so much that he decided to write his own version of the read.It seems that Ivan Andreyevich, as well as a modern man, admired form of Aesop's fable "The Fox and the Grapes", but nevertheless he decided to tell the same story in verse.At the same time it was not just a banal narration.Version Krylov fox character appears, a picture emerges, a scene comes to life in the imagination, gaining volume.
to the father of psychoanalysis is not a form of Aesop's fable "The Fox and the Grapes" was important, but its meaning: a person is inclined to abdicate responsibility and blame circumstances.Actually, Freud owes his ability to sensitively read meanings ancient heritage by projecting them on the contemporary reality.That is why, perhaps, in his psychological theory of so many Greek roots ("Oedipus Rex" by Sophocles, for example).
What can we learn in his works Aesop?"The Fox and the Grapes" - a fable, which can be used as an illustration of one of the psychological defense mechanisms, Freud's discovery, namely the rationalization we justify ourselves in a way that is not our self-esteem suffered.Of course, we do it quite unconsciously.
person can not afford to buy a thing, for example, an expensive coat, and began to convince himself that the garment a lot of flaws or she has a cheaper analogues, and in general, "it does not hurt much and wanted."Familiar, is not it?This is what we wanted to show Aesop."The Fox and the Grapes" - a fable that has become popular and is immortal.