In this article, there is no opportunity to consider all the "fabulous" legacy MESaltykov-Shchedrin.Therefore, analysis and retelling undergo only the most famous "fairy" works of the author's works "Golovlevs."
- "The story of how one man fed two generals" (1869).
- "wild landlord" (1869).
- "Wise Piscary" (1883).
"The story of how one man fed two generals" (1869)
The plot is simple: two generals magically got on a desert island.At first they did not do anything, but then hungry and need drove them to explore.Generals found that the island is rich in all kinds of gifts: vegetables, fruits, animals.But as they had always served in the offices and nothing but "please register", did not know what it's like to eat these gifts or not.Suddenly one of the generals suggested, probably, be sure to somewhere on the island a man lying under a tree around.Their general's task - to find and get to work.No sooner said than done.And so it happened.Generals man harnessed like a horse in the job, and
It's simple.MESaltykov-Shchedrin mocked the ignorance of the Russian elite of the time.Generals in the tale impenetrably stupid and helpless, but snobby, arrogant and did not appreciate the people.The image of the "Russian man", on the contrary, issued Shchedrin with a special love.Private person of the 19th century in the image of the author resourceful, savvy, everyone knows and can, but quite proud of himself.In short, the ideal man.This is a summary.Saltykov-Shchedrin created the ideological fairy tale, I can even say ideological.
"wild landlord" (1869)
In the first and second stories, considered in this article, the same year of publication.And this is no accident, because they have in common is also the theme.The plot of this story quite usual for Shchedrin and therefore absurd: the landlord fed up with his men, he felt that they spoil its air and ground.Barin literally went crazy on the basis of ownership and all prayed to God to get rid of one of his "stinking" man.Farmers, too, it was not too sweet to serve with such a strange landlord, and they prayed to God to get rid of such a life.God took pity on men and wiped them off the face of the landed estates.
First, the landlord everything went well, but then he began to run out stocks of food and water, and every day it is becoming more and more wild.Another interesting fact that the first time it came to the guests and praised when they learned he famously got rid of the hated "man smell" in the air.One problem: with a man gone out of the house all the food.No, not a man robbed a gentleman.Just himself Russian aristocrat by nature nowhere adapted and can not do anything.
landlord more runs wild, and the nearby countryside is increasingly came to desolation, without man.But then it flew over the shoal and the men landed their troops on the ground.Again there products again life went wrong.
landlord at that time went to the forest.During the expulsion of peasant landowner denounced even beasts of the forest.So it goes.It all ended well.Landlords have caught in the woods, trimmed and even taught again used a handkerchief, but he still missed the will.Living in a place it is now depressed.So it is possible to finish the summary.Saltykov-Shchedrin created tales true and full of moral sense.
ideological content of fairy tales
It is virtually the same as the previous tale of the two generals.The only thing that seems interesting - is the longing of the will of the landowner, the forest.Apparently, according to the author of the work, the landowners themselves unknowingly suffered from the loss of meaning in life.
"Wise Piscary" (1883)
Piscary tells his story.His parents lived a long life and died a natural death (a rarity among small fish).And all because they were very careful.The father of the hero told him the story many times, he nearly fell into the ear, and only a miracle saved him.Under the influence of these stories our Piscary pulls himself somewhere in the hole and all the while there is hiding from the calculation "as if whatever happened."Select only at night, when the least likely to be eaten.So he lives.It is not getting old and dying, most likely, your death.This is a summary.
Saltykov-Shchedrin: fairy tales.The ideological content
tale Last on our list is much richer in its ideological content than the previous two.This is not even a fairy tale and philosophical parable with an existential content.However, it can be read not only existentially, but psychoanalytically.
psychoanalytic version. Piscary scared to death father miraculous escape from a boiling pot.And this traumatic situation cast a shadow over the rest of his life.We can say that Piscary not outlive your own, and his fate line was depicted by a stranger, the parent phobia.
Existential version. begin with the word "wise" Shchedrin used in the opposite sense.All life strategy Piscary teaches how to live.He hid from life, not to follow your path and purpose, so even though he lived a long time, but meaningless.
general lack of curriculum
When a writer becomes a classic, it just beginning to learn in school.He joins in the school curriculum.This means we study in school and those that wrote Saltykov-Shchedrin, fairy tale (short content often elect to read current students).And this in itself is not bad, but this approach makes it easy to author and writer make it two or three pieces.In addition, it creates a standard template and the human mind.A scheme usually do not have to develop the ability to think creatively.What ideally should teach school.
How to avoid it?Very simple: after reading this article and get acquainted with the theme of "Saltykov-Shchedrin.Fairy tales.A summary of the plot and the ideological content "should be mandatory to read as many of his works, which are out of sight of the school curriculum.