working on the poem "Dead Souls", Nikolai Gogol planned to show all the dark sides of life of Russian society, including the arbitrariness and indifference of the authorities to the fate of the common people.A special role in the realization of the ideological intent of the author is playing "The Tale of Captain Kopeikin".
Which led declared above mentioned topic?It's safe to say that it pervades the entire first volume.Before the eyes of the readers are alternately gallery landlords and vivid images of provincial officials, looming tragic fate of the peasants, still alive and long-dead.And now, for anybody not a secret purpose of his visit to the city of N Mr. Chichikov, it is unclear just who he really is and what it dead souls.It was at this time in the pages of the poem appears the story of a former participant in the war with the French, more reminiscent of the parable of the valiant robber.
creative life was not easy, "The Tale of Captain Kopeikin".In the plot of "Dead Sou
offer a third option to explore the head, admitted to the press censorship - the original, by the way, was made available to the reader only after 1917.
story of the head of "Dead Souls": summary
«The Tale of Captain Kopeikin" is the story of the postmaster, rich variety of phrases, ornaments, figures of speech, repetitions, sometimes even seemingly superfluous.It conveys the narrator's attitude to the whole story: for him it is nothing more than a fun event, which can be the basis for a story or novel.Why is the postmaster?In comparison with other town officials he differed greater awareness - a lot of reading - and because he tried to turn the main puzzle (who is this Chichikov?) Into something fun.He suddenly decided that the buyer of dead souls and the main character of his narrative, disabled without arms and legs, it may be a one and the same person.Whatever it was, this story, recall the narrator's reflections N city officials about the identity of Chichikov become virtually independent work, which once again underlines their callousness - captain so no one sympathized.
Familiarity with the main character
According to the postmaster, it happened shortly after the end of the Patriotic War against Napoleon.Captain Kopeikin been through a lot in the company, and most importantly - was seriously injured as a result of which lost a leg and right hand.Since no measures for the disabled have not been conducted, the former soldier found himself without a livelihood and began to think about what to do next.First he went to his father, but he said that the very tight accounts, not to freeloaders.There was only one - to try his luck at officials in St. Petersburg, ask deserved pension.
get to the capital, Captain Kopeikin first marveled at its splendor.It seemed to him any pictures of Arabian tales - so it was unusually rich.I tried to rent an apartment, but too expensive to go.I had to settle for ruble tavern where they served the soup with a piece of beef.
arranged, became to find out where to go.He explains that all authorities in France, therefore, need to go to the temporary committee.And pointed to the house, located on the waterfront.
first trip to the officials: summary
«The Tale of Captain Kopeikin" includes description of "izbenki a peasant" (the definition of postmaster).Huge windows and mirrors, marble and lacquer door handle shines so take that scary.Already one this picture evoked a simple fear of the petitioner.I catch up with horror and a doorman on the porch: a cambric collar physiognomy and Count ... Entered into the reception the captain huddled in the corner, afraid of inadvertently break some vase.Since the official just woke up, should wait.Four hours later he finally reported that the head will come out.The people at this time in the waiting room crammed a lot.The officer walked around the visitors and stopped in front of Kopeikin.Dialogue them was short-lived.Give him a summary.
«The Tale of Captain Kopeikin" - the story of a Russian soldier-lawyer.Hero immediately said that during the war he became disabled and now can not work, and therefore asks for yourself some boarding.The official did not argue and asked to come in a few days.
This response inspired the captain, I am confident that his case was so decided.Happy, he came to the inn, where ordered to bring a glass of vodka, chicken and a bottle of wine.Then I went to the theater, and on his return to the inn even tried to hit on the sidewalk held an Englishwoman, but reminded the leg bone of disability.As a result, a few hours has been spent almost half of the available money from him.Thus concludes the description of the hero of the day happy to Gogol.
«The Tale of Captain Kopeikin" continues the story of the second official visit.
After two or three days, a hero again went to the house on the waterfront.He was sure that now he will be given a large sum of money - some thousand pension.Therefore, once again I began to tell how heroically shed blood and got injured.But the official response was brief and categorical: such a case can be solved only by the minister, and it is not.And he gave some money to be able to survive before taking any action.Disappointed hero went to his restaurant.It seems that on this and should have ended the story of Captain Kopeikin.
However, the captain already had a taste of the delights of life in the capital, and therefore such an outcome does not suit him.He goes dismal street.On the one hand - the salmon, chicken with truffles, cherries, arbuzische, and with another - promised "tomorrow."And decides: to go back to the Commission and to seek his.Thus, "The Tale of Captain Kopeikin" gets a sequel.
The next day, the hero was all before the same officer, saying that he needed, and eat well, and drink wine, and visit the theater.The reply was that the money for food before the special resolution was given to him, and if he wants any frills, you need to look for funds.But offended Kopeikin sold so that cursed everyone in the Commission officials.To relieve the noise, it had to apply the strict measures: to carry out the community.The captain just thought, 'Thank you already for the fact that most of the run do not need to pay. "Then he began to talk: "Every means should himself look, then, well, I find."
ends with "The Tale of Captain Kopeikin" that brought the hero to the place of residence, and then all the rumors about him have sunk into oblivion.A couple of months in the forests of Ryazanschine appeared robber gang, headed by "no one else like ...".This story is interrupted by the postmaster.
artistic details in the narrative
in "The Tale of Captain Kopeikin" Nikolai Gogol skillfully uses the expression.For example, it speaks volumes portrait of Switzerland.It is compared with the Generalissimo and pug-fed at the same time.Such a soulless man, looking down on others, certainly not up to the problems of the captain and his ilk.
Gogol describes in detail the house on the waterfront and a receiver, which gets visitors.That was worth a doorknob.Kopeikin who saw her come up with the idea that you must first hour or two to rub your hands with soap and then undertake it.And the luxury and brilliance exuded so cold that everyone was becoming clear: there is nothing to expect help.
noteworthy that the official is not named for, and about the positions it is difficult to judge.And there is only the name of the captain.This generalization significantly pushes the boundaries of storytelling, making a special case in the typical.
Features of the first version of "The Tale of ...»
As already noted, the censorship allowed the publication of the third edition of the chapter.The essential difference between the different versions of the story is in the final.In a first embodiment, Gogol's emphasis on what has become a hero after his return from St. Petersburg.Here is his summary.
«The Tale of Captain Kopeikin" is about how the protagonist was the revenge.He gathered a whole group of disgruntled soldiers and settled them in the woods.Gang stalking anyone whose activity has been associated with the Treasury.And he appeared in the villages, where he was appointed the term of payment of dues and ordered to hand over all laid by the village elder, wrote out a receipt to the peasants that the taxes they paid.It is clear that such an option could not get power, and ultimately in the "Tale ..." there is only one mention of the robbers, who led the "no one else ...".
ended with the story of Captain unexpected news.Kopeikin went to America, where the emperor had sent a letter asking them not to touch it involved a gang of people.And he called to show mercy to all who have been injured in the war.And the king really made the decision not to prosecute the perpetrators.
difference between the different versions of "Tales of ..." also applies to placement of the characters and phrases spoken by them.But here the big changes have occurred.In the final speeches officials were transposed words, that by and large the ideological values did not change.More important was the fact that the author has changed the image of Captain Kopeikin.He portrayed the hero a man who wished to join the beautiful life in the capital, which was partly the cause of his troubles (referring to the requirement of money on wine, good food, theater).
ideological content head
meaning of "The Tale of Captain Kopeikin" is that Nikolai Gogol draws the reader's attention to the relations between the government and independent of the will of its people.The protagonist does not get help in the capital and forced himself to look for ways to survive, rebelling against the oppression, cruelty and injustice prevailing in feudal Russia.It is significant that the robbers looted only those who had to do with the Treasury and did not touch the people passing on their need.In this way, they were trying to get what is rightfully due to them as the defenders of the Fatherland.This situation leads to the idea that the progressive forces in the country, albeit more spontaneously, but are prepared to come to grips with the existing arbitrariness.Reminiscent of this popular uprising led by Stepan Razin and Pugachev, showing the strength and power of the people.
What is "The Tale of Captain Kopeikin"?Reflecting on this question, we should note one more time.Nikolai Gogol, skilfully portray in the novel "Dead Souls" provincial town and its inhabitants, this chapter takes effect in the capital and creates a contradictory image of St. Petersburg, where the world noble and rich, reminiscent of the famous tales of Scheherazade, opposed to the world of the poor and the downtrodden, barelyto make ends meet.This allowed the authors to present the life of Russia in all its fullness and diversity.