Great Patriotic War, which has become in the history of humanity the most bloody and lasted almost 4 years, is reflected in the heart of every violent tragedy that took the lives of millions of people.
People pen: the truth about the war
Despite the growing temporal distance between those distant events, interest in the topic of the war is constantly increasing;the current generation does not remain indifferent to the courage and heroism of Soviet soldiers.A major role of the truth of the description of events of the war years played a word writers and poets, labels, uplifting, inspiring, guiding.They - writers and poets-front-line soldiers, spending his youth on the battlefields, they told the story to the modern generation of human lives and actions of people from which is sometimes life depended.Writers bloody war truthfully describe the atmosphere in his works Front guerrilla movement, the severity of campaigns and life in the rear, a strong soldier's friendship, desperate heroism, treachery and
creative generation born war
writer-soldier - is a separate generation of heroic individuals who have experienced the hardships of war and the postwar period.Some of them were killed at the front, while others have lived longer and died, as they say, not of old age, and old wounds.
1924 was marked by the birth of a whole generation of soldiers, known all over the country: Boris Vasiliev, Victor Astafjevs, Julia Drunina, Okudzhava, Vasil Bykov.These writers-veterans, a list which is not exhaustive, faced with the war at a time when they just turned 17 years old.
Boris Vasilyev - an extraordinary man
almost all boys and girls 20s could not be saved in a terrible war.It survived only 3%, among which the miracle was Boris Vasilyev.He could have died in the 34th year of typhus in the 41st in an environment of 43 th - stretching from the mine.On the front of the boy volunteered, was a cavalry regiment and machine-gun school, fought in the Airborne Regiment, he studied at the Military Academy.After the war he worked in the Urals tester tracked and wheeled vehicles.He was discharged with the rank of engineer-captain in 1954;demobilization reason - the desire to engage in literary activities.
military theme author dedicated works such as "is not listed," "Tomorrow Was the War", "Veteran", "Do not shoot the white swans."Boris Vasilyev became famous after the publication in 1969, the novel "The Dawns Here Are Quiet ...", set in 1971 at the Theatre on Taganka Yuri Lyubimov and portrayed Stanislav Rostotsky in 1972.Scenarios writer was shot about 20 films, including "Officers", "Tomorrow Was the War", "Aty-Baty, were soldiers ...".
writer-soldier: Biography Victor Astafieva
Victor Astafjevs, like many writers-veterans of the Great Patriotic War, has shown in his work as a great tragedy of war as seen through the eyes of an ordinary soldier - a man, which is the foundation of the whole army;penalties accrue to him in abundance, and rewards bypass his side.This collective, half autobiographical image of the veteran, who lives a life with friends and accustom fearlessly look death in the eye, Astafjevs is largely copied from themselves and their front-line friends, contrasting his dependents-tylovikov, most of them lived in a relatively benign frontline throughoutWar.To them, he, like the rest of the poets and writers of the Great Patriotic War veterans, experienced the deepest contempt.
author of such famous works as "King of Fish", "Damned and killed", "Last Bow" for his alleged commitment to the West, and penchant for chauvinism, which critics saw in his works, in his later years was thrownto fend for themselves the state, for which he fought, and sent to die in his native village.That is the bitter price had to pay Astafevu Victor - a man who never gave up written with the desire to tell the truth, the bitter and sad.The truth, which is not silent in their works of writers-veterans of the Great Patriotic War;they said that the Russian people, who not only won, but also lost a lot in itself, together with the influence of fascism felt oppressive influence of the Soviet system and its own internal forces.
Okudzhava hundred times sunset blush ...
Poems and songs of Bulat Okudzhava ("Prayer," "Midnight trolley", "Merry drummer", "Song of the soldiers 'boots') knows the whole country;his story "Be healthy, scholar," "Rendezvous with Bonaparte", "Journey dilettantes" are some of the best works of Russian prose.Known movies - "Zhenya, Zhenya and Katyusha", "Fidelity," a writer he was, looked at more than one generation, as well as the famous "Belarusian railway station" where he played a songwriter.The repertoire of the famous poet and singer appears about 200 songs, each of which is filled with its own history.Okudzhava, like other writers-veterans (photo you can see above) is a striking symbol of its time;his concerts always were sold out despite the lack of posters of his speeches.The audience shared experiences and bring their friends and acquaintances.The song "We need a victory," from the movie "The Belarusian Station" sang the whole country.
With the war Bulat met at the age of seventeen, having gone after the ninth grade at the front as a volunteer.Soldier, soldiers, mortar, fought mainly in the North-Caucasian Front, he was wounded by enemy aircraft, and after the treatment was in heavy artillery Command.In the words of Bulat Okudzhava (and agrees with his colleagues - writers-veterans), the war feared by all, even those who considered himself braver than others.
war through the eyes of Vasil Bykov
native of the Belarusian peasant family, Vasil Bykov went to the front at the age of 18 and fought before the Victory, having countries like Romania, Hungary, Austria.He was wounded twice;After demobilization he lived in Belarus, in the city of Grodno.The main theme of his works was not the war itself (of which historians should write, not writers-veterans), and the ability of the human spirit, which manifests itself in such difficult conditions.A man should always be a man and live the truth, only in this case, able to survive the human race.Features Bykov's prose became an occasion for Soviet charges of desecrating the Soviet critics fret.The press was set up wide-baiting, censorship on the yield of his works, their prohibition.Because of this persecution, and a sharp deterioration in health, the author was forced to leave the country and live for a while in the Czech Republic (country of Choice), then in Finland and Germany.
most famous works of the writer: "The Death of Man", "Crane's cry", "Alpine Ballad", "Krugloye bridge", "dead do not hurt."In the words of Chingiz Aitmatov, Bykov was the fate of savings for an honest and truthful creativity on behalf of an entire generation.Some works have been filmed "Living till dawn", "Third Rocket".
writer-soldier: war lines of verse on the front
talented girl Julia Drunina, like many writers veterans, went as a volunteer.In 1943 he was badly injured by reason of which was recognized invalid and the reserve.This was followed by a return to the front, Julia fought in the Baltic region and Pskov region.In 1944, she was again concussion and found to be unsuitable for further service.With the rank of sergeant, the Order of the Red Star and the Medal "For Courage" Yulia released after the war poetry collection "The soldier's overcoat," dedicated to the wartime time.She was accepted into the Union of Writers and forever enrolled in the ranks of the war poet, referring to the wartime generation.
Along with the work and the release of such collections as "Alarm", "You're next", "My friend," "country - youth", "Trench star", Yulia Drunina active in literary and social work, was awarded prestigious prizes,repeatedly elected a member of the editorial boards of major newspapers and magazines, secretary of the board of various associations of writers.Despite the universal respect and recognition, a fully Julia gave poetry, describing in verse the role of women in the war, her courage and tolerance, as well as the incompatibility of life-giving feminine with murder and destruction.
Yuri Bondarev: the fate of human
writers veterans and their works have made a significant contribution to the literature, halfway to the descendants of the truth of the events of the war years.Perhaps someone from our family and relatives fought with them shoulder to shoulder, and became the prototype of short stories or novellas.
In 1941, Yuri Bondarev - the future writer - along with their peers participated in the construction of fortifications;after the Infantry School fought at Stalingrad, as the commander of the mortar crew.Then contusion, mild frostbite and wounded in the back, do not become a hindrance to return to the front part in the liberation of Kiev, came a long way to Poland and Czechoslovakia.After demobilization Yuri Bondarev entered the Literary Institute.Gorky, where he had a chance to get on a creative workshop led by Paustovsky, the future writer to instill a love of the great art of the pen and the ability to have their say.All my life Yuri remember the smell of the frozen, solid as a rock, and bread flavor soldier's porridge, cold burns in the steppes of Stalingrad, ice cold frost calcined tools, metal that felt through the gloves, powder stench of spent cartridges and the desert silence the night sky.Creative writers soldiers penetrated by the exigencies of unity between man and the universe, his helplessness, and at the same time incredible strength and tenacity, increasing a hundredfold to a terrible danger.
widely known Yuri Bondarev brought the story "The last shots" and "The battalions are asked to fire", clearly display the reality of war.The theme of Stalinist repression was drawn to work "Silence", critically acclaimed.In the famous novel "Hot Snow" sharply raised the topic of heroism of the Soviet people during the most difficult test for him;the author described the last days of the Battle of Stalingrad and the people who have been in defense of their country and their own families from the Nazis.The red line passes Stalingrad in all the works of veteran writer-soldier as a symbol of resistance and courage.Bondarev never embellish war and showed "little great men" who were doing their job: to protect the homeland.
In war, Yuri Bondarev finally realized that a person is not born to hate, but to love.It was during wartime conditions in the consciousness of the writer entered the crystal clear commandment of love for the motherland, loyalty and decency.For all things are naked in battle, good and evil are discernible, and each made a conscious choice.According to Yuri Bondarev, human life is given for a reason, and to perform a particular mission, and it is important not to waste yourself on trifles, and to bring his own soul, fighting for free existence in the name of justice.
stories and novels of writer translated into over 70 languages, and in the period from 1958 to 1980 abroad more than 130 works of Yuri Bondarev was published, and shot at him pictures ("Hot Snow", "beach", "battalions are asked to fire") looked huge audience.
Activity writer noted by many public and state awards, including the most important - the recognition and readers love.
«inch of land" Grigory Baklanov
Grigory Baklanov - the author of works such as "July 41 of the year", "It was the month of May ...", "inch of land", "Friends", "I have not been killed in the war".During the war he served in the howitzer regiment, then the rank of the officer in command of a battery, and fought on the south-western front to the end of the war, which is described through the eyes of those who fought on the front line, with its formidable frontline everyday life.The reasons for heavy defeats at the initial stage of the war Baklanov explains the massive repression, the atmosphere of general suspicion and fear, who ruled before the war.Requiem for sgublennomu war young generation exorbitant high price for the victory, became the novel "Forever - nineteen."In the works devoted to the peaceful period, Baklanov returns to the fate of former soldiers who have been warped ruthless totalitarian system.Vividly illustrated in the story "Karpuhin" where the life of the hero product of a state-owned broke callousness.Scenarios writer was shot 8 films;best film adaptation - "It was the month of May ...".
Military literature - children
Children's writers-veterans have made a significant contribution to the literature, writing works for teenagers about their peers - such as they are, boys and girls, who happened to live in a time of war.
list of recommended adolescent literature about the war:
- A. Mityaev "sixth part."
- A. Ochkin "Ivan - I, Fedorov - we."
- Alekseev "From Moscow to Berlin."
- Kassil "Your defenders."
- A. Gaidar "Oath of Timur".
- Kataev "Son of the regiment."
- L. Nicholas' must stay alive. "
writer-soldier, a list of which, above, is not a complete, accessible and understandable language for children was told the terrible reality of war, the tragic fate of the people and displayed their courage and heroism.These works bring the spirit of patriotism and love for the country, taught to appreciate the friends and relatives, to protect peace on our planet.