Bazhov Tale "Mistress of Copper Mountain" was first published in 1936.For all Soviet and Russian literature in particular, this genre was highly unusual work.No fairy tale, not a legend is not epic.Tale.The thing is too realistic and grim, to be perceived children's fairy tales and mythological too, not to claim the role of a "serious literature."Perhaps it was one of the first examples of Russian fantasy - just when no one knew the word.But "The Chronicles of Narnia" were written much later!
Whatever it was still officially Bazhov product - a fairy tale.Mistress of Copper Mountain, alas, Aslan, although the degree of brightness, originality and identity, it is not inferior to "foreign counterparts."
This work traditionally falls into the category of "literature for children" because attitude is appropriate.The most that can count the inquisitive reader - this is a small list of footnotes and disclosures at the end of the book, biography tezisno Bazhov and as annotations summary."M
bytopisatel Urals Bazhov
Ural tales Bazhov, in fact, not too rich in magic and other magic.Suffice it to recall summary."Mistress of Copper Mountain," as well as other works of this cycle - a very precise and rigorous description of the life, customs and traditions of the inhabitants of the pre-revolutionary Urals.Reading this work, you can learn a lot about mining, extraction of malachite and semi-precious stones, about the life of the serfs of the workers and landowners, the organization of work ... But the myths and beliefs of those places - a little.
Tale "Mistress of Copper Mountain" in this respect is quite specific.Because the hostess herself, as well as other mythical creatures, appears not so often.She - pass character that sometimes occurs in the text, to do something very important and syuzhetoopredelyayuschee, but very short.It is, in fact, Anna, who spilled the oil, thereby determining the fate of the other characters.
Ural tales and mythology Mansi
Feature "Mistress of Copper Mountain" would be incomplete without mentioning the fact that Gumeshki - mine, which happens most of the events of the book - a real place.This is one of the most ancient Ural copper mines.Work on the production of copper there were back in the Iron Age.The mine is located in the territory of the modern Sverdlovsk region - the region of the traditional habitat of the Mansi tribes.
Russian workers who came to the Urals, brought with them their faith and their usual household mythology.But, as always happens in the collision of two different cultures, the interpenetration of beliefs was inevitable.The usual list that includes brownies and devils, added a purely local, previously of the character.Yes, they are assimilated, dressed in tunics, blouses or embroidered kokoshniki - but that did not stop being who we are originally.Namely - a strange characters, different from the Slavic mythology.And the characteristics of the Mistress of the Copper Mountain clearly demonstrates this.
often based on functional attributes of the character, the owner considered the female version Shubin - the spirit that lives in the mines and miners patron.Or, on the contrary, punishing them if something angered the owner of subsurface resources.In a sense, the way it is - but that's only half the truth.Because in fact, characteristic of the Mistress of the Copper Mountain talks about the duality of the character's origin.Yes, there is a lot to do with Shubin.But not only.
Kalta Equus - character Mansi mythology.This is - the earth goddess, a supreme female deity.Her hair shine, they descend from heaven to earth, and a braid rises sable, beaver down by the other.According to him Mansi mythology characters could travel between worlds.By the way, the endless golden hair ... I was in one of the tales of such a character - the daughter of the Golden runners.That is - virtually description of her hair, golden and shining.
Such hair - it's not just a desire to make a beautiful goddess.This connecting line between the earth, the sky and the underground kingdom.Functionally, this is an analogue of Yggdrasil, the world tree.According to him constantly warp protein carrying the connection of the upper, middle and lower worlds.Not so great is the difference between a squirrel and sable or beaver.The crown of Yggdrasil lived an eagle, and the roots in the hole - the dragon.Incarnation Kalta aequi - Swan and the Hare, who lives in the roots of trees.
fact that Kaltas- Equus - not just a supreme female goddess, mother of all things.It is, as is characteristic of many of the ancient feminine deities triune.The girl, a woman and an old woman.The birth, life and death.If the Scandinavians needed image of the World Tree, the Mansi embody the unity of all the three worlds in the image of the supreme goddess.She gave birth to the world, she - the world, and she - the end of the world.
One myth says that after a quarrel husband Kalta Equus, the supreme god Num-Torum, overthrew his wife from heaven.She settled ... of course, in the mountain.He called "mountain woman".
Thus, even the surface characteristics of the Mistress of the Copper Mountain remarkably resembles the mythical ancestor of the world.Yes, this image is superimposed on the traditional Slavic beliefs, He broke in the mind, overgrown with new details, but the essence remained the same.Ancient powerful patron, combines the image of a young and beautiful girl, and loving, but strict mother, and one that breaks life, when the time comes.
dark incarnation of the goddess
Any characteristic of the Mistress of the Copper Mountain noted that this character is quite cruel.And not only with respect to the negative characters.Yes, it can help and protect, but still better not to deal with it.Even those who bestow benefits Hostess were rarely happy afterwards.Touching her - as if an invisible seal, forever changes the life of a person.And even her grace can bring a lot of troubles.
The fact that the "underground" Person of such goddesses - it is always only and exclusively dark principle.Not the birth and life, namely death.By the way, the traditional rulers of the pagan gods realm of the dead were masters of underground riches.And Hades, and Koschey associated with gold and precious stones - they just come out of the ground.Therefore jewels "bad reputation" in mythology, and not because they evoke in others greed and envy.
Here's a mythological background at all familiar images such as the Mistress of Copper Mountain.Feature Stepan, taking into account all of the above, should begin with the word "unfortunate."Guests in the underworld character, which is, in fact, the embodiment of death ... It is hardly necessary to expect that life will be long and happy.And not in the Stone Flower was going on.