«teaches classics", "I go read the classics" - these revolutions can be heard in everyday speech.However, it is unlikely we are fully aware of what the writers have the right to enter the golden fund of belles-lettres, and that in general it is a phenomenon - a classic of world literature.On these questions will answer in this article.
Delineate the concept of classical is quite difficult because this definition is used in a variety of values.For the average native speaker, it is akin to the ideal standard, that to which it is necessary to strive for.However, it is no exaggeration to say that in relation to the scope of the literature of these parameters are mobile and change depending on a particular era.So, for Corneille and Racine classics of world literature - is primarily a product of the times of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, while their extremely welcomed.At the beginning of the XIX century there were even fans argue that the best of everything in Russia is already written.
Also under the "classical literature" sometimes refers to the product, to create up to modernism.Although today this view may be considered somewhat outdated, as the novels of Kafka, Joyce and Proust, Dali and paintings by Malevich has long passed into the category of the golden fund of art, to weed out the less talented contemporaries.
At the same time, in spite of the historical modifications classics of world literature is timeless, versatile and talented.Even after hundreds of years, humanity is drawn to the works of Shakespeare, Goethe and Pushkin, interpreting them in different discourses.This is possible because the depth of their content, relevance to everyone.
So, summing up: that includes classic literature?Books classics whose works are read today.
Classical and "high" literature - the same thing?
Dividing literature into three "floors" - high, belletristic and mass - appeared relatively recently.More precisely, when were created specifically for the average reader of the book entertaining.Classics of world literature largely corresponds to "high" creations.They are intelligent, require considerable work on the part of the reader, of his experience.However, the term "classic" is applied to samples of so-called popular literature, albeit in a slightly different meaning.Examples include Agatha Christie, and JRR Tolkien fantasy.When their fans argue that it is - a classic of world literature, they mean that the "Ten Little Indians" or "Lord of the Rings" served as a good model for subsequent writers, who worked within those genres.How will the product named in the memory of readers is difficult to judge, literature does not give a precise answer to this question.
list of world classics
already become a tradition drawing up of ratings of books required reading for those who want to be considered a truly educated man.Open lists are creations of ancient Greek and Roman writers: Homer ("Iliad"), Aeschylus ("Prometheus Bound") and Virgil ("Aeneid").The above products have an unconditional right to wear the honorary title of "classics of world literature."The era of the Middle Ages became the cradle of creativity J.. F. Chaucer and Villon, and an infinite number of literary works that have no author.
Renaissance founders gave us eternal images - Shakespeare and Cervantes.However, we must also remember about Dante, Petrarch, Boccaccio, Lope de Vega, Francois Rabelais and others.XVII century was marked by the Baroque (Pedro Calderon, Gongora) and classic (Racine, Corneille, Moliere) Arts.Then came the Enlightenment, enriched literature names of Voltaire, Rousseau, Goethe and Schiller.
XIX century offers a romantic work of Byron, Scott Hoffman, Hugo, Poe.Somewhere in the middle of the century romanticism and critical realism is replaced by the novels of Stendhal, Balzac, Dickens.
turn of the century is characterized first appearance of the modernist tendencies - Symbolism (Verlaine, Rimbaud, Wilde), naturalism (Zola) and impressionism (Knut Hamsun).At the same time gaining in popularity so-called new drama (Ibsen, Shaw, Maeterlinck), seeking to completely rethink the outdated dramatic techniques.The twentieth century has enriched the literature of the modernist novel (mentioned Kafka, Proust and Joyce), a lot of avant-garde movements - surrealism, Dadaism, Expressionism.The second half of the last century was marked by the works of Brecht, Camus, Hemingway and Marquez.You can also talk about the contemporary postmodern works that have become classics (Pavic, Suskind).
Russian classical writers
Russian classics - it's certainly a different story.The XIX and XX century discovered the names of Pushkin, Lermontov, Gogol, Turgenev, Fet, Goncharov, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Chekhov, Blok, Gorky, Yesenin, Bulgakov, Sholokhov ... Because of their work formed the classics of Russian and world literature.