Among the oldest monuments of literature occupies a place of honor poem dedicated to the last year of the Trojan War."Iliad", as the "Odyssey", attributed to Homer - the singer, which have very few details.But whoever was the author of the heroic Greek works, it is important that it came to us, and we can enjoy a melodic language, amazing images and comparisons.
tellers of the past
Perhaps we would never have found out about blind Greek singers, if not the titanic work of the latter.Seven cities dispute the honor of being the birthplace of Homer, scientists scratching their heads, if he was really blind, you took part in the war or not, whether he wrote his poems glorified or just order them and systematized.Just know one thing - teller knew very well he describes events, empathized with all my heroes and wonder possessed speech.So much so that a poem dedicated to the last year of the Trojan War, has long been considered an invention until Heinrich Schliemann excavated the remains of the powerful is
Trojan War: the causes and the beginning
As you know, a poem about the Trojan War Homer describes only the last year of the ten-year siege of Troy.And what was the reason for such a long confrontation?The son of the Trojan king Paris at Menelaus led his wife - the beautiful Helen.When the girl wooed rulers from around the world, her father made all suitors to swear that they will not take revenge for the choice of Helena, but rather to help its restriction.When Paris insulted Spartan prince, who gathered a large army, all those who had promised to help, and went to Troy.Ten years of siege lasted for a great city, but the winner can not be detected.The poem tells of the Trojan War, which intervened in the fate of people gods-Olympians who are also divided into two warring camps.Finally, the die was cast, and the Thunder gave the victory to the Greeks.
tenth year of the war
So was the tenth year of the war.Homer begins with a quarrel of Achilles and Agamemnon, Achilles and then decide not to take part in the battles.Poem dedicated to the last year of the Trojan War, recalls that without this hero, according to the predictions, the combined Greek army was not able to capture the city.Seeing the depressed Greeks and the Trojans cheered, each Achilles Patroclus puts on his armor.His idea failed to cheer the weary warriors, but he dies.Achilles greatly saddened and angry, she decides to take revenge and goes on the attack.
raging hero kills many Trojans, forcing them to retreat.Then, go down to the duel with Hector, Priam's eldest son and the brother of Paris, he kills him.At night, the king of Troy comes to Achilles and pleads to give the body of the Trojan prince.Taking pity on the old man, the son of the goddess Thetis, promised that the Greeks will not go on the attack until it is buried Hector.After touching funeral, described by Homer in great detail, the battle continues.But the poem is over.And what happened next?
die is cast himself as Achilles was not destined to capture the Ilion.Arrow Paris, guided by Apollo, enters the unique vulnerability of the hero - the heel.He is dying.It tells a poem dedicated to the last year of the Trojan War, the gods finally decided on the outcome of the battle.They awarded the victory Greeks, tell them how to take the city by stealth.But that the world learns much later works of Virgil's "Aeneid".The Roman poet tells of the fall of Troy at the hands of soldiers, hidden in a wooden horse, about how Aeneas, gathered the surviving townspeople sent to carry out the task of the gods to the territory of modern Rome.The Greeks, destroying the once great city, hit the road.By the way, about the homecoming of the hero of this war - the Odyssey, Homer tells of another poem.
Instead of an epilogue about the Trojan War Homer told a lot, even though he did not describe the whole course of this confrontation.Reading a work of genius, you can learn a lot about life in Greece in the past, of tradition, of brutality and nobility, valor and pure love."Iliad" - an inexhaustible source that is able to fill the minds hungry for knowledge.