The history of the "Basil Terkina" - poems Tvardovsky

Many readers believe that the first line of the famous "book about a soldier" A. Twardowski appeared in 1942, and the image of the main character caused solely by the events of the Great Patriotic.Meanwhile, the situation is slightly different, and the first mention of the gallant Vase Terkin dates back to the period of the Russian-Finnish war.Recall, based on the testimony of the author, what is the history of the poem.

«Vasily Terkin" - the beginning

In 1939, when the campaign finami, A. Twardowski worked in the newspaper "Defending the Motherland".At this time, and it comes to a head the creative team to come up with an image of a publishing amusing characters - conditional daring and exciting fighter who would appear on the pages of the magazine, accompanied by poetic signatures.The name of the hero did not appear at once: have touched several options before settling on a simple and warm Vase - as it was called at the time.Thus began the history of the "Basil Terkina", known to almost everyone S

oviet reader.


By the way, in his memoirs Twardowski talks about how one day, in the war years, received a letter whose author was interested in why the main character - a glorious Soviet Army - is the name of another literarycharacter.As it turned out, said Tvardovsky, earlier appeared P. Boborykin novel of the same name.Only Vasily Terkin it is a dishonest merchant, scoundrels and a hypocrite.The poet admits that, having received the letter, he found, and without much pleasure reading of the works, but the name of his hero decided not to change.More precisely, it did not attach any value to such coincidence - the more so that the history of the poem "Vasily Terkin" really did not have any relation to the novel - and continued to work in the same way.

But back to "book about a soldier."

ideological development plan

poet remembered the gallant hero, already a favorite of readers of the newspaper "Defending the Motherland", in the 40th year.It so happened that on the 39th of letters, as intended, have written one or two satires, and then do other work.Only Shcherbakov long time appealed to this image that few people attached great importance.Twardowski now considering how to combine in his work of art - and this was supposed to be the poem - the hero of the satirical articles with the seriousness demanded by reality.And he began to touch in the memory of all that was related to the Finnish War, including eyewitness accounts, he went to Vyborg, re-read printed articles, and so on. N. However, to write a work, as planned, to the 41 th did not work, and then the war began.As a result, the history of creation "Basil Terkina" for some limited time only pondering the composition of the plot, the image of the hero.


From the first days of the war Twardowski sent to the front as a correspondent.In the first months, the most violent and hot, it was not until the poem.So long ago the idea arose in my head all postponed until the summer of 42, when the history of the poem Tvardovsky "Vasily Terkin" gets its continuation.But now it had to be the product of another war - the Soviet people against the fascist invaders.And the hero of Vasi turned to Basil, personified Russian grain farmers, workers, tireless worker, who defended the Fatherland.

first chapter of the new works Tvardovsky appeared in front of one of the newspapers in September.Then the poem was printed in installments in many editions, available as a warring soldiers, and those who remained in the rear.One she helped to experience the hardships of life at the front, the other - expect the family to this terrible war."The book is about the soldier" loved by all readers, and everyone was looking forward to new chapters, a hero who was a soldier with a simple Russian name - a new image is created it A. Twardowski - Vasily Terkin.

History poem during the war

The work was written down to the 45-year, though in the 43rd, after being wounded, successful healing and return of the hero in the system, the author thought that came to the final.Readers intervened, demanding the continuation of the poem, which was not fair to argue, as noted by Twardowski.Vasily Terkin, the history of creation of which is being further developed, again walked through the pages of newspapers and magazines.

The work reflects the main stages of the war: the tragic retreat in its first months, the battle became a turning point, the triumphant march to the west.There was even a desire to send a hero to the rear of the Germans, but Twardowski soon abandoned such a plan, thinking that it would violate the general idea of ​​the work and make the history of a private soldier.

Written during the war received a lot of letters, which showed that readers are very interested in the history of the "Basil Terkina", in particular whether there is a person described in a poem, in fact.And while the hero was a lot of surnames - one of them, Viktor Terkin even asked to change his name to his - so always answer was categorical: Vasily Terkin - completely fictional character and has no real prototype.It was formed from the personal observations of the author and embodies the best features of the Russian defender.

Farewell to a hero

History "Basil Terkina" ends with victory in the spring of '45.In May Twardowski publishes the final chapter "From the author", which says that says goodbye to a soldier.And despite the fact that he was again convinced of the need to continue the work, he was adamant: Terkina time passed.According to him, now, in peacetime, we need another character.

is the story of the creation of "Basil Terkina" briefly described on the basis of Article Tvardovsky "was written" Vasily Terkin (answer readers). "

Instead of an epilogue

already in the postwar years, knowing the incredible popularity of the poem and its main character, many unscrupulous writers created "continuation" of the adventures of the hero and even "imitation" famous book.The answer to them was that the poem - it has repeatedly stressed Twardowski - "Vasily Terkin", the story of the creation of which is described by the author, clearly over and return to it in the future is not expected.