exact rhyme is the coincidence of the number of post-impact quality of vowels and consonants.The more matching sounds, the higher the accuracy.For example, accurate are such options as "a bowl - low", "street-hen", "run - breathing" and so on. D. Rhyme considered adequate if there is a match of two or more sounds.The coincidence of a vowel is not sufficient.So, a couple of "it is - the soul" is not the rhyme, but "it is - the moon" - is.
rhyme is not correct in the case of coincidence of one (sometimes two) sounds.It is characterized by the difference in sounding consonants are in unstressed syllables in the line endings.Slant rhyme in a poem can be much more than accurate.It is not a lack of works - quite the contrary, as the slant rhyme is much decorated syllable, make it more diverse, "on the roof - I hear", "evening - shoulders" and others.
Phonetic and graphic precision
phonetically accurate rhymeIt implies agreement with the stressed vowel sound to the end of the verse.
Graphically precise rhyme considered when a match is in addition to the sounds of the letters.
example, rhymes "breeze - rice" is only phonetically accurate, while the rhymes "breeze - a prize" or "breeze - Caprice" is accurate in both senses.
This form takes place if there is a match pretonic (reference) consonant.Rich men are considered the rhymes (accent on the last syllable): "Water - mica", "you are - Neva";Unlike women (accent on the penultimate syllable): "water - free", "word - again."
exact rhyme in poetry of Russian classicism
Russian literary classicism were developed in the XVIII-early.XIX centuries.and has a high themed severity of style and the creation of certain ideal images.Prominent representatives of this trend were Derzhavin, AP Sumarokov, Lomonosov, and DI Fonvizin.What is the exact rhyme in classicist poetic tradition?Starting with poetry AD Kantemir until early work Derzhavin (XVIII century) Russian poetry differed graphically accurate rhymes:
«As at the present time will not be
Church Calendar and heroes;people freezing
Bradobritiem and all busurmanskim temper,
not go to the old tradition of the fathers right »
(AD Kantemir" The state of this world. To the sun ").
Some liberties are sometimes permitted, but more in the form of an exception.However, later Derzhavin (the beginning. XIX century) gives the classical tradition of rhyming period:
«My God!Give to the king thy judgment
and Tsarevo son the truth,
Yes people served
and protect and reward.
(GR Derzhavin "Introduction Solomon in judgment", 1979).
«verb sim trembled abyss, the abyss Through
With Fiery rest his deathbed»
(GR Derzhavin "fission Saul," 1809).
What is the exact rhyme in this example?We see the predominance of rhyme is phonetically accurate graphics, while also holds the absence of rhyme: "abyss - Underground" and "the truth - the reward."Derzhavin performs certain innovator of poetic style, departing from the classical understanding of rhyme.This style of the poet, though different kind of cumbersome, however it becomes more profound and original than its predecessors Derzhavina.
poetic traditions of the XIX century
Russian poetry of the XIX century not support Carta Derzhavina and continues to adhere to the traditions of classicism, clearly defining what the exact rhyme.Nevertheless, at the beginning of the century VA Zhukovsky and Pushkin allow a certain poetic freedom - some minor deviations from the exact end harmonies.For example, by truncating the final sound "th", "Eugene - shadow", "tribute - applause";by the end of rhyming sounds of "Mr. X", "one - spirit", and others.
second half of the XIX century is less rigorous for the accuracy of the rhyme.For example, allowed harmonies sound "y" and "s", "ill - will", "Halls - scarlet" (Nekrasov, AA Fet);consonance homogeneous voiced and unvoiced sounds: "gaffe - caution" (NA Nekrasov), etc.
poetry of the twentieth century
In the early twentieth century, a new trend in poetry - rhyme different parts of speech.Also, there is a change-meter poetry for separate short poetic fragments by size.In turn, slant rhyme is becoming more popular, "rays - tame" (A. Akhmatova), "the wind - in the world" (AA Blok).What is the exact rhyme poetry of the Silver Age?During this period, many new forms are emerging rhymes - raznoudarnyh, raznoslovnyh and dissonasnyh.
Despite the fact that these innovations on the one hand, greatly enriched the Russian poetic thought, on the other hand, it could lead to a serious literary chaos.As an organizing compensation made rich by the way the exact rhyme (in the tradition of poetic Sumarokovo school), the revival of which took place in the twentieth century.
In modern versification any rhyme - accurate and inaccurate equally - may be appropriate for a particular poetic work.Unambiguous assessment of the preferences of one of these forms of poetry no longer exists.