LN Tolstoy - the greatest figure in Russian and world classical literature.His work is multifaceted, but there is one common trait that unites almost all his works.It is a measure of human moral responsibility for all the things that he does in his life.
Artwork "After the Ball" Tolstoy wrote no accident.Once his brother fell in love with the daughter of the commander of the Kazan and even wanted to marry her.But one day he witnessed as a soldier going on punishment, and led them to the horror Sergei Nikolaevich, that the father of his beloved.The shock was so strong that about any wedding is not out of the question.
I remember this story and Tolstoy.A few decades later, when he was already recognized as a writer, he created on the basis of its artistic work of reigning in the Russian army orders.The author changed the title three times: "Daughter and father," "And you say," and finally chose the option, under which it has entered into literature.
try to understand why the story is calle
composition and artistic techniques
The product is built on a "story within a story", which gives the narrative more reliable.Ivan, the hero-narrator tries to explain to his interlocutors that if not all, much in life depends on the case.He remembers how one single night changed his destiny: he broke the relationship with the girl, which was in love, and for all rejected the idea of becoming a soldier.This is the key to understanding why the story is called "After the Ball."
Compositionally monologue of Ivan divided into two contrasting parts: the description of the ball, and what happened in the early morning after it.They share common characters: the young Ivan, and an elderly Colonel B., the father Varenka.
Summary of the story "After the Ball»
Tolstoy describes in detail everything that happens at the ball in the house of the governor.The hero of love, so everything seems to him was amazing and guests, and the sounding music, and favorite Varvara and her white-haired, but still vigorous and full of energy his father, Colonel.What is happening circling his head, and fills the soul with immense happiness.
culmination ball becomes a dance that takes Colonel paired with his daughter.Ivan most touches boots old: old-fashioned, opoykovye, square-toed.Such a long time, nobody was wearing, from which the hero finds that he lives for the sake of his daughter.But Tolstoy probably wanted to emphasize one more detail: Colonel commitment to the old rules and practices.To a certain extent explain how the same man could be (not to play a role, namely to be!), Loving father, and a few hours later to lead the brutal beating of a soldier guilty.
But back to the story.Ivan covered by a sense of delight, I could not sit at home after returning from the ball.He went out into the street, where he witnessed the terrible pictures.That it explains why the story is called "After the Ball."
first hero heard a strange sound and then saw the front of something black.It turned out early in the morning happened punishment fugitive soldier.He was led down the line, and with every step on his mutilated back on both sides fell upon the stick.A charge of this process, to the great consternation of the young man, the father of his lover.At some point, I stopped at the sight of Colonel Ivan Vasilyevich, but he hurried to look away, as if ashamed, something.Why
story called "After the Ball»
And Ivan could no longer see with Varenka.Now between them was insuperable barrier - a colonel and punish them Tatar.The narrator trying to understand his behavior, but the main idea, to which he came as a result, to determine its future life."I may not be able to change the world and destroy the evil existing in him, but only I can decide for themselves whether or not to engage me in this evil" - so you can determine the outcome of his reflections.So the story after the ball has identified several important problems of Russian society.What is the breaking load of the existing regime in Russia?What makes one person to go to the destruction of the other?What is the share of moral responsibility of people for their deeds?
Written in 1903, shortly before the war with Japan, the product showed the shortcomings of the state structure of the country in which the red tape and strict reactionary regime that prevails not only in the army, but also in other spheres of life, prevail overmoral laws.And then overshadowed humanity and a sense of responsibility for their own actions.However, a person has the right to decide what should be his fate, and proves that the main theme of "After the Ball."