"Zadonshchina": the year of establishment.

purpose of this article - to provide information on such a grand monument of Old Russian literature as "Zadonshchina."Year of creation, author, compositional and artistic features - all of these issues, and we'll discuss it.

historical conditions

In 1380, an event that played a big role in the life of not only Russia but the whole world.This refers to the Battle of Kulikovo, in which the Tatars were defeated.This event once and for all dispel rumors about the invincibility of the opponent, and Russian Polar hope for deliverance from years of oppression.It also served as a prerequisite for the unification of the Principality around the center of Moscow, which marked the beginnings of a future state.So it is no wonder why the great victory is so often covered in the literary monuments of ancient times.Researchers say Kulikovskiy cycle, which includes the product of interest to us.

«Zadonshchina": the year of establishment, general information

glorious monument of literature, highly artistic cre

ation ... The undeniable proof of the authenticity of "Words ..." - all of these characteristics apply to the military story titled "Zadonshchina."Who wrote it - a moot point and hardly decisive.There are suggestions that the author was Sofony Ryazantsev.This name specifies the text "Zadonshchina" and other works - "Tales of Mamay."Other information about Ryazantseva literary critics do not have.But the reference to its name suggests that Sofony created some not extant literary monument.On him and guided unknown author, from the pen of which came "Zadonshchina."Year of creation of the military are not sure of the story (which is not surprising for the Old Russian literature).It is believed this: the product is a direct response to the events, and thus, the creation of "Zadonshchina" falls on the threshold of 80-90-ies of the XIV century.

tale is represented by six lists.The earliest, extant, scholars date of 1470 years.Another of his name - a list of Euphrosyne.Variant represents a reduction of some initial lengthy text and therefore features a large number of errors, distortions, omissions.By the way, only in the list Euphrasinia used the name "Zadonshchina."Year established later version of the story most are not installed (about XVII century), and there is a product labeled as "The Tale of ... Prince Dmitry Ivanovich."The same applies to all other versions of literary monument.They also defective, but allow literary critics to reconstruct the original text.

composition and plot

glorification of the victory of Russian troops over the enemy - a plot outline has "Zadonshchina."The author thus consciously draws a parallel with the "Word ...", but the reference to the great monument is explained not blind imitation and deliberate juxtaposition of past and present (and not in favor of the latter).The mention of "Words ..." makes it clear that the only opposition to the princes led to the disaster in the Russian land.But it was in the past, now has won a victory over the invaders.Roll with the "Word ..." are found at the level of individual methods (transferring the narrator in a moment from one place to another), and plot elements.For example, Dmitry Donskoy on the way before the battle the sun shines - so the story "Zadonshchina."The author of the "Words ..." (incidentally, also unnamed) mentions an eclipse as a bad omen.

Story consists of two parts.They were preceded by an introduction, by which the author sets up the reader to a special, solemn way, and tells him the true objectives pursued by the creation of "Zadonshchina."The introduction also highlights the optimistic story, indicates that Moscow - as the current center of the State - is a continuation of Kiev, and so on. D. The first part of the work - a "pity."The narrator depicts the defeat of the Russian troops, mourning the dead princesses and noblewoman.However, the nature suggest: rather "nasty" will be defeated.So it happened in the "praise" when the enemy took to their heels, and rusichi got rich booty.

Art features

Poetics "Zadonshchina" is largely determined by its similarity with the "Word ...".The reader is facing the same anthropomorphic images, epithets that have clearly folkloric origin.At the same time there are more than images of religious significance and references to paganism and non-existent.This story differs significantly from praetexta.Artwork "Zadonshchina" varies widely in style.So, along with the poetic texts are fragments, which very much resemble the business prose.It should also appear in chronological detail, close attention to the title of Prince.

«Zadonshchina" and "Word ...»

As has been said, "Zadonshchina" valuable by the fact that proves the authenticity of "the Word."The latter is being questioned not only because of the monument to the sudden discovery Musin-Pushkin in 1795 "... The word" no eye has ever seen, but also because of the extraordinary artistic value of the poem.This raised the idea of ​​forgery (and precedents).Her references to "Transdoniad" was to put an end to the dispute, but ... it has been suggested that this "Word ..." was created following the example of the alleged subsequent monument.Well, the question of the origin of both works of ancient writing and is not fully resolved.