In the work of I. Goncharov occupy a special place travel essays "frigate" Pallada ".They tell the reader a lot about the structure of foreign states, as the civilized European and colonial in Africa, Asia and the Far East.Of no less interest was aroused and a description of the way of life of Russian people in Siberia.
masterpiece of the Russian fleet
In 1831, on the personal instructions of Nicholas I, there was a tab of one of the most famous Russian ship the first half of the XIX century "Pallada".The frigate was put to sea a year later and served for more than 20 years.
«Pallas" in different years Nakhimov commanded N., P. Moller, J. Unkovsky.Due to the high technical specifications and skillful actions of the crew of the ship did not just come to the aid of ships in distress.We used it for long trips to the shores of other countries.Last its voyage the ship has committed to Japan - he described in his essays I. Goncharov.In 1855, "Pallas" (frigate suffered two powerful typhoon and was rathe
purpose of the diplomatic mission, undertaken in 1852, was the need to establish trade relations with Japan and carry out an inspection of Alaska belonged to Russia.He was picked up by an experienced crew, it procured a long time provisions.The group of diplomats led by Vice Admiral EV Putyatin and secretary served while in the Department of Foreign Trade writer Ivan Goncharov.The frigate "Pallada" sailed past England, Indonesia, South Africa, China, the Philippines and many small islands in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans.The whole trip lasted almost 3 years.
history writing of the book "The frigate" Pallada "»
I. Goncharov took the news about the trip positively, noting that it will greatly enrich his life experience.From the first day he began to write down everything I saw in the track log, although later, in the introduction to the essay, said that he wished only art form to capture the most important moments of the trip.By the impressions of the overseas countries added observe the life of Russian Siberia: Goncharov get to St. Petersburg by land from the shores of the Sea of Okhotsk, which approached the "Pallada".Frigate in need of repair and could not move further voyage.
Two months after returning to the capital (in April 1855) in "Notes of the Fatherland" got the first sketch of the journey.Then, for three years Goncharov published in "Sea collection."Fully magazine was published in 1858 and immediately attracted the attention of the entire reading public.Subsequently, the book - which is not the author originally planned - "frigate" Pallada "" add two more essays.In the first described the final stage of the journey across Siberia, in the second - on the future of the ship.
main advantages of travel records referred to the abundance and diversity of the actual recorded material, message about the phenomena, hitherto little known to the Russian people, the artistic skill of the writer.
«frigate" Pallada "": summary of the book
Essays represent a detailed description of life in different countries.And the author's view is critical and often is accompanied by ironic comments against foreigners, whoever they may be.For example, the English civilization, according to Goncharov, destroying all life.Here, everything is going according to plan and there is no mentality.Such a way of opposed broad Russian soul.For example, remember the story of the sailor Sorokin, who decided to grow in Siberia bread.His idea was a success, but it does not stop there, and develops new territory, giving the fruit of their labor Tungus and the church.
Individual attention, the memories of the author, bored on the ship "Pallada" - the frigate writer in a foreign country is often called native home - about the life of a Russian nobleman.This leisurely tea break, quiet lying on the couch, endless holidays.For Goncharov they did not go to any comparison with the constant bustle of the English.
Negroes and the Chinese do not like their smell, partly because it rubbed with special oils.Japanese writer considered cunning (the older, the more silly faces writhing) and sluggishness.He believed that it is imperative to destroy their system isolation from the outside world and to humanize.But the advantage of savage peoples was the proximity to nature, it is the lost British.In this regard, interesting conclusions about the outcome of the colonization of the writer, which he watched almost the whole route "Pallada".According to the writer, "wild" Chinese at their shortcomings could teach civilized British and Americans, and manners, and the general culture of behavior and attitude to the gifts of nature.
The book also says (for the first time!) About the life of the Decembrists in Siberia, helped by a personal acquaintance of the writer with some of their representatives.Enduring power of the spirit, the way of life (in spite of inhuman conditions, the best representatives of the nobility tried to keep in their huts, stores the necessary level of spirituality) aroused the admiration of the writer.
few interesting moments of the essays I. Goncharov
modern reader the book is interesting description of what today seems absurd.For example, laughter and irony caused Goncharov British habit of greeting."First, try to tear each other's hands" - he wrote.Where was the writer to know that the men-British way of greeting, and will soon appear in Russia.
Another funny episode concerns the Japanese.One of the local residents gave a sailor an empty bottle.Following this, the Japanese translator asked to pick up a gift back.And in the words: "Yes, throw it (the bottle) into the sea," said seriously that you can not."We'll bring and throw ... you really do."It turned out this way, local authorities were struggling against smuggling.
describes his unusual journey Ivan Goncharov, the frigate "Pallada" to which two and a half years was not only the house, and a reminder of the homeland, but also a source of inspiration and helped create highly artistic work.