One of the most famous works of Russian romanticism - is the ballad "Svetlana".Zhukovsky took the story in the works of the German poet Gottfried August Bürger, reworked it, giving Russian flavor and replacing the tragic end of the original happy ending.Widespread among Western romantic spooky story about a dead fiance, Gone for a bride in the "Svetlana" becomes just a bad dream.
Why author needed to rewrite someone else's ballad?Why it was not enough just to do the translation?What changed Zhukovsky end?By answering these questions, we realize what the meaning of the ballad "Svetlana".
Translation from German into Russian style
Surprisingly, of the German romantic works turned colorfully-Russian ballad "Svetlana".Zhukovsky had previously translated the ballad, and the heroine of her name Lyudmila.Within the meaning and content it is much closer to "Lenore" Burger, the same mysterious and terrible.She had success with readers, but the author has continued to work on the story, changing and supp
Content ballad "Svetlana" recalls the good Russian fairy tale where everything ends with the victory of good over evil.Author catches readers fear and terror, but in the end it all turns out to be just a dream, a nightmare that does not come true.Maybe this is what the poet sought by recycling the plot.Happy end of the wishes of happiness and heroin radiate kindness and light, so it sees the world Zhukovsky.
What is the meaning of the ballad "Svetlana"?
If the answer to this question in a few words, the meaning of the victory of love and faith over death and darkness.
Zhukovsky believe in goodness.Its heroine is a pure soul, pray, referring to "the angel - comforter" sincerely believes in salvation, and it comes to her in the form of a white dove.So the author sends us his life the belief that the devil can not destroy the temptations sinless soul.
ballad "Svetlana": summary
Epiphany action takes place at night, when people's beliefs by means of divination, you can look to the future, to know fate.The author describes the kinds of divination: the girls throw the gate, "slipper", feeding grain chicken, sing songs and fortunetelling vorozhat betrothed looking at night by candlelight in the mirror.Svetlana sad, because for a long time no news of her loved one, she wants him to come back soon.
Tormented waiting, she decides to look in the mirror.Suddenly it appears the groom, happily reporting that the sky tame, the murmur is heard.He calls her to get married.Dragging along, Svetlana puts into the sleigh, and they go through the snowy plain to a strange temple where instead of the expected wedding comes the funeral of the deceased.
journey is cut short when the sled stop near a small hut.Suddenly he lost the groom and horses.
Alone at night in an unfamiliar place, Svetlana, crossing, into the house, where there is a coffin.Creepy dead, in which Svetlana learns his lover, gets up and hands her his dead hand.Help comes white dove miraculously protect the heroine from the terrible dead.
Svetlana wakes up at home.Everything that is happening is just a bad dream.At the same time the long-awaited returns to the bridegroom, healthy and happy.
This is the ballad "Svetlana".Summary ends with the characters played the wedding.
secret power of the name
Few people remember that the name Svetlana Vasily Zhukovsky invented specifically for this ballad.It has become a part of everyday life, it has become widespread and has reached our days.In it you hear the light, it sounds very good.It is this light joy fills the quiet and pure soul girl, her love and faith fade or dissolve in anything.The meaning of the ballad "Svetlana" is already in its title.
and night follows day light
Action creepy romantic ballads usually occurs under the cover of night - very dark and mysterious time of day, the darkness covering the various secrets.Zhukovsky ends the daylight, bells and shouting rooster.Darkness and fear replaced by the return of the beloved and long-awaited wedding, a nightmare remains behind.Here, the author tells us what the meaning of the ballad "Svetlana" - a triumph of light over darkness, the victory of love over death and faith over temptation.
ballad of Zhukovsky - a creative gift Alexandra Andreyevna Protassova (Voeikov), which, according to the author, is the muse, "inspired him to poetic mood."
product was fatal for the author."Svetlana" was the name of the poet friends from the literary society "Arzamas".PA Vyazemsky wrote in his memoirs that Zhukovsky was "Svetlana is not only the name but also the soul."So, putting their ideals and essence of a work of the author donёs to us "light" faith, world outlook and attitude.
Ballad was reflected in the works of many Russian writers and poets, including at the Pushkin, who borrowed the "silent and sad" when describing the image of Svetlana heroine of the novel "Eugene Onegin" by Tatiana.
And although the product has taken the foundation for the story in the German ballad, it can be considered native Russian, it certainly has a Russian flavor, close to the folklore and folk art.Very reminiscent of the heroine Svetlana Russian fairy tales or folk song.Personal authorship of the poet is undeniable.He believed that Russian literature, studying the Western achievements, should not blindly copy them, but to try in their own way to bring them to the Russian reader.