Fonvizin, "The Minor": an analysis of the product, characteristics of heroes

Consider the features of comedy, which was created by Fonvizin ("The Minor").The analysis of this work - the theme of this article.This play is a masterpiece of Russian literature of the 18th century.This work is included in the fund today, Russian classical literature.It involves a number of "perennial problems".And the beauty of high style and today attracts many readers.The title of this piece is connected with Peter I issued a decree that "ignoramus" (a young nobles) is prohibited without the education to do the service and married.

History plays

Even in 1778 the idea for this comedy from the author, which is Fonvizin."The Minor", the analysis of which we are concerned, was written in 1782 and in the same year is presented to the public.It should briefly highlight the creation of interest to us play.

During the reign of Catherine II wrote Fonvizin "Oaf."Analysis of the characters shown below, shows that they were the heroes of their time.During the reign of Catherine II in the development o

f our country is connected with the dominant ideas of enlightened monarchy.They were borrowed from Russian French Enlightenment.The spread of these ideas, their great popularity among the educated middle class and the nobility contributed largely Empress.She is known to have corresponded with Diderot, Voltaire, d'Alembert.In addition, Catherine II opened libraries and schools, supported by various means the development of art and culture in Russia.

Continuing to describe the comedy, which was created by DI Fonvizin ("The Minor"), analyzing its characteristics, it should be noted that, as a representative of his age, the author, of course, shared the ideas that prevailed at the time in noble society.He tried to reflect them in their work, to the readers and viewers revealing not only the positive aspects, but also pointing out the errors and omissions.

"The Minor" - a sample of classicism

analysis comedy "The Minor" Fonvizina needs to consider this piece as part of the cultural and literary traditions of the era.This work is considered one of the best examples of classicism.In the play, there is unity of action (it does not find a secondary story lines, described a battle for the hand of Sophia and her property), places (characters long distances do not move, all events take place either around the house Prost, or inside), and time (do not take more than a day, all events).In addition, the use of "speaking" names that are traditional for the classic play, Fonvizin ("The Minor").The analysis shows that, following the tradition, he divided his characters into positive and negative.Positive - it Pravdin Starodum, Milo, Sophia.Their contrasts Prost, Mitrofan, Skotinin DI Fonvizin (the play "The Minor").An analysis of the names shows that they give the reader to understand what features in the image of a character prevail.For example, the embodiment of morality and truth in the product is Pravdin.

new genre of comedy, its features

"The Minor" at the time of creation was an important step forward in the development of the literature of our country, in particular drama.Denis Fonvizin created a new genre of comedy and social-political.It harmoniously combined a series of images with sarcasm, irony, laughter realistic scenes from the life of some ordinary high society (nobility) with sermons on morality, virtue, the necessity of education of human qualities that were characteristic of the Enlightenment.Instructive monologues with the perception of the play is not burdened.They complement this work, whereby it becomes more profound.

first action

on 5 actions divided the play, whose author - Fonvizin ("The Minor").Analysis of the product involves the description of the organization of the text.In the first act we meet Prost, Pravdin, Sophia, Mitrofan, Skotinin.The characters loom immediately, and the reader realizes that Skotinin and Prost - negative heroes, and Sophia and Pravdin - positive.In the first act takes place and exposure outset of this work.The exposure we get to know the characters, we learn that the care of Prost lives Sofia, which is going to give out for Skotinin.Reading letters from Starodum - this tie play.Sofia is now the heiress.From day to day her uncle returned to take her to him.

Developments in the play, which was created by Fonvizin ("The Minor")

analysis of the product will continue to describe how events unfolded.2nd, 3rd and 4th of action - it is their development.We are familiar with Starodumov and Milo.Prost and Skotinin Starodumov trying to please, but their flattery, falseness, ignorance and enormous greed only repels.They look silly and ridiculous.The most funny scenes of this work is to survey Mitrofan, during which not only exposes the stupidity of this young man, but also his mother.

The climax and denouement

5th action - the climax and denouement.It should be noted that the views of researchers about what should be considered the culmination of the time, different.There are 3 most popular version.The first is that this kidnapping Prostakova Sofia, according to the second - reading Pravdin letter, which says that under his tutelage goes estate Prostakova, and finally, the third version - rage Prostakova after she realizes his own weakness and trying to "get even"to his servants.Holds each of these versions, as viewed from different points of view we are interested in the product.First, for example, highlights the storyline devoted to marry Sophia.An analysis of comedy Fonvizin episode "The Minor" associated with marriage, indeed, allows us to consider it crucial to work.The second version of the play examines the socio-political point of view, highlighting the moment when the manor justice.The third focuses on the history, according to which Prost is the personification of a bygone weaken the principles and ideals of the old nobility, which, however, still do not believe in his own defeat.This nobility, according to the author, based on unenlightened ignorance and low morals.During all interchanges leaving Prost.She had nothing left.Pointing at her Starodum says it is "worthy fruits" "zlonraviya."


As we have already noted, the main characters are clearly divided into positive and negative.Mitrofan, Skotinin and Prost - negative characters.Prost - women seeking profit, uneducated, rude, overbearing.She knows how to take advantage flatter.However, Prost loves his son."Shadow" the wife appears Innocents.This weak-willed character.His word means little.Skotinin is the brother of Mrs. Prostakova.It's as stupid and uneducated people, rather cruel, like his sister, greedy for money.For him to walk on the barnyard pigs - the best thing.Mitrofan - a typical son of his mother.This spoiled young man of 16 years old, inherited from his uncle love for pigs.

Questions kinship and heredity

In the play, it should be noted, an important place was given to the issue of family ties and inheritance Fonvizin ("The Minor").In analyzing this question, let's say, for example, that Prost only married her husband ("simple" man who does not want a lot).However, it actually Skotinin akin to his brother.The son has absorbed its qualities of both his parents - "animals" Quality and stupidity from the mother and father of a denial.

Similar kinship can be traced between Sofia and Starodumov.Both of them are honest, virtuous, educated.The girl listens to his uncle carefully respects him, "absorb" science.Pairs of opposites create positive and negative characters.Children - a spoiled stupid Mitrofan gentle and clever Sophia.Parents love children, but to fit their education in different ways - Starodub talks on the themes of truth, honor, morality, and Prost only indulges Mitrofan and says that it is not useful education.A pair of suitors - Milo, and the ideal of seeing his friend Sophia, who loves her and Skotinin counting the condition that he will get after marrying this girl.Sofia as a person while he was not interested.Skotinin not even trying to arrange his bride comfortable accommodation.Prostakov and Pravdin really are the "voice of truth", a kind of "auditors".But in the face of an official, we find active force, help and real action, and Prostakov - passive character.The only thing that I could say this hero - at the end of the play to reproach Mitrofan.

problems raised by the author

Analyzing Fonvizina work, it becomes clear that each of the above pairs of characters represents a separate problem, which is disclosed in the product.This is a problem of education (which is supplemented by examples of teachers dropouts type Kuteikin and impostors like Vralman), education of parents and children, family life, the relationship between the spouses, the relationship to the servants of the nobles.Through the prism of educational ideas considered each of these problems.Fonvizin, sharpening its focus on the shortcomings of the era through the use of comic techniques, the emphasis is on the need to change the outdated, traditional, become irrelevant foundations.They dragged into the swamp of stupidity, zlonraviya, liken people to animals.

As shown by our analysis of the play Fonvizina "Oaf," the main idea and theme of the work - the need to educate the nobility in accordance with the educational ideals, the foundations of which are relevant today.