One of the most famous novels of ISTurgenev was written during the years 1860-1861, on the eve of the abolition of serfdom.In Russia at that time there was a turning point, the junction of conservative and innovative thinking, the struggle of ideologies.This conflict has been demonstrated by the example of family Kirsanovs, as well as the most important problem - the confrontation of generations of fathers and children, which was included in the meaning of the title of
meaning of the title
Undoubtedly, the most important question about the product - meaning of the title of the novel "Fathers and Sons."Writer Turgenev should not be interpreted too literally.The work depicts two families, two fathers and two sons.But the body of the novel is not a description of their life, and global differences in outlook.The meaning of the title of the novel "Fathers and Sons" is that between two generations there will always be a contradiction, parents and children are opposed to each other, separated by unions and on the letter.In fact, they are separated by an abyss - a quarter century or more.During this period can completely change the political, economic and cultural situation in the country and, of course, the views of the public.One generation retains its outlook, the other - becomes your own, and it happens on a regular basis, views of life of parents and children rarely coincide.With this and the associated meaning of the title of the novel "Fathers and Sons."Writing ISTurgenev teaches that in such antagonism is nothing predrassuditelnogo important only respect for each other on both sides, respect for parents, adoption by the Council, parting words and good wishes.
ideology in the novel
meaning of the title of the novel "Fathers and Sons" by Turgenev, and is also associated with the ownership of the fathers to the sons and different ideologies, each of the modern generation.The novel presents two families - Kirsanov and Bazarov - and several ideological worldviews: conservative, liberal, revolutionary-democratic.The latter belongs to one of the key figures of the novel - a nihilist, a follower of the German materialists and future doctor - Yevgeny Bazarov.Bazarov creates a resonance in the primary product.He argues with the brothers Kirsanov teaches Arcadia openly despises psevdonigilistov Sitnikov and Kukshina, and contrary to their views after hopelessly falls in love with a rich widow Anna Sergeyevna Odintsov.
Characteristics and analysis of characters
Conservatives in the work are the parents Bazarov.Army doctor and pious landowner are measured way of life in his village.They doted in his son, but the mother is concerned about the lack of faith in him.However Bazarovs proud of Eugene and his successes, they are confident that it expects great bright future.Basil Bazarov said that in all his life Eugene did not take a penny from them, that the Son just prefer to seek himself.These features characterize him as a strong, self-sufficient, good.Such an image is relevant to the modern era.
Psevdonigilizm Arkady Kirsanov
close friend of Bazarov, Arkady Kirsanov is struggling to fit in his confession Eugene nihilism.However, in his case, it looks unnatural, contrived.Arkady himself not fully believe in a denial of spiritual values.He was flattered by the awareness of their own progressive views, he was secretly proud of themselves for leniency to the beloved father - Kirsanovs house maid - and frankly admires Bazarov.This Arkady sometimes forgotten, the mask falls from his face, and he blurts out about his true feelings.Even as staunch a nihilist, Arkady also love Odintsovo, but later prefers her sister Catherine.
Kirsanovs Brothers - Nick and Paul - the supporters of liberalism.Nikolai Petrovich - a person thin sincere organization, he loves poetry and literature, as well as feeds quivering feelings for her maid Baubles, girl-commoner, which nevertheless is the mother of his youngest son.Nikolai shy of her love for a peasant girl, though, and tries to pretend that far from prejudices, has advanced views on everything, including on agriculture.
Pavel Petrovich Kirsanov - Bazarov's main opponent in the debate.Between men at first sight there is hostility, they form a complete contrast to each other both externally and internally.Landscaped Pavel Petrovich frowned in disgust at the sight of the long hair and scruffy clothes Bazarov.Eugene also laughs mannerisms and affectations Kirsanova, do not hesitate to use sarcasm and painful stab the enemy.Various well as recitation of the keyword "principle."Bazarov says it dramatically and abruptly - "pryntsip", while Kirsanov slow stretches and puts the accent on the last syllable in the French manner - "Principe".The relationship between the enemies reached a peak that debaters even shot in a duel.The reason for this was an insult to the honor of Bazarov Baubles, which he kissed her on the lips.Pavel Petrovich and he felt sympathy for the girl unambiguous, and therefore decided to protect her name, calling Bazarov duel.Fortunately, the outcome of it was not fatal, Kirsanov just got shot in the leg, Eugene and at all escaped unhurt.
These examples illustrate exactly the opposite attitude of different generations and different ideological views to the typical life situations and also reflect the meaning of the title of the novel "Fathers and Sons."Writer Ivan Turgenev is much deeper than it may seem at first glance.
To summarize, we can say that the interest of literary critics today and earlier is not only the meaning of the title of the novel "Fathers and Sons," an essay ISTurgenev also remarkable for its heroes - the multifaceted and ambiguous, complex, but memorable.Each of them demonstrates the talent of the writer, his understanding of human nature and the subtle psychology.