Genre "Tale of Bygone Years" is defined as a record, the oldest.There are three editions of it, relating to 1113, 1116 and 1118 years.Nestor was the first author, the second - the abbot Sylvester, the work done by the order of Vladimir Monomakh.Creator third edition could not be determined, but we know that it was meant for Mstislav Vladimirovich.
system of genres of Old Russian literature
Old Russian literature consists of two sub - genres of secular and religious literature.The second is a more closed and includes Scripture, lives and walking, solemn and teacher's eloquence.Genres secular literature presented military novels and chronicles narrating the historical events from year to year.There are certain similarities with the Byzantine chronographs.However, when he created "The Tale of Bygone Years", a genre of Russian scribes chronograph unused.It was mastered at later stages.
«Tale of Bygone Years": genre
Dmitry Likhachev wrote enfilade, or ensemble, the nature of the construction of th
- contracts (for example, Russian-Byzantine in 1907);
- lives of the saints - Boris and Gleb, Theodosius Pechersky;
- «speech of the philosopher" and other texts.
Stories that have a pronounced folk origin (for example, the story of the death of Oleg's story as a youth-Kozhumyaka defeated the Pecheneg hero), also inherent in the chronicle "Tale of Bygone Years".What genre of these works?They are similar to a fairy tale or legend.In addition, the chronicle of the so-called feature stories about the prince's crimes - like the glare Cornflower.First on their genre originality have Dmitry Likhachev.
Note that this "ensemble" diversity makes the genre of "Tale of Bygone Years" somewhat uncertain, but the monument itself - a simple collection of random texts.
main composite units, "Tale of Bygone Years" are weather articles, starting with the words "In the summer ...."This is different from the ancient chronicles of the Byzantine chronographs that to describe the events of the past days as the length of the history of not taking a year, and during the reign of the ruler.Weather articles are divided into two categories.The first is the so-called weather reports that capture a particular historical fact.Thus, the article content for 1020 is limited to one news: Yaroslav son named Vladimir.Especially many of these messages there is in Kievan chronicles of XII century.
In contrast, it chronicles the stories not only inform about the event, but also suggest a description, sometimes in great detail.The author may deem it necessary to specify who took part in the battle, where it took place, what the outcome.This is a listing of plot lent weather article.
Dmitry Likhachev, explore the "Tale of Bygone Years", genre and compositional originality of the monument belongs to the distinction of monumental and epic style.The latter is particularly characteristic of those parts of the chronicle "Tale of Bygone Years", a genre that is defined as a military story.Epic style is a close connection with the folklore, the use of images gleaned from there.A striking example - the Princess Olga, represented in the annals of avenging angel.In addition, they are becoming more realistic (as far as this description can be applied to characters of ancient Russian literature).
monumental style of historicism is the principal not only for the ancient chronicle of the monument, but the whole literature of Kievan Rus.It manifests itself primarily in the image of characters.Chronicler is not interested in their private lives as well as those who are outside of feudal relations.Man is of interest to the medieval author as a representative of a particular social environment.It also influenced the characteristics of the character, which is noticeable share of idealization.Canon becomes the most important concept for "The Tale of ...".So, any prince is depicted in the most significant circumstances, not knowing the spiritual struggle.He dared smart and has a dedicated squad.On the contrary, a church leader from the life to be pious, obedient to follow God's law.
Chronicler unknown psychology of his characters.The medieval author felt no hesitation, referring to the character of "good" or "evil", and complex, contradictory images familiar to us from classical literature, would not arise.