Russian folk epic history, canon and popular stories

word "epic" somehow associated with something huge, massive, undoubtedly great.The first thing that comes to mind - images of mighty warriors who cherish Russia-mother, to patrol the borders of the state of mighty horses, distilled any adversity.Even the language in which to write these amazing works, different from the usual literary!Russian folk epics - is completely independent genre with traditional folklore traditions and canons.What sets them apart from the usual tales and legends?

What is it?

So epic - epic song is typically transmitted from generation to generation, the main story which revolves around the hero, fighting against the forces of evil, and all the forces to defend the fatherland.Typically, the main character is not a very simple fate, moreover, to realize his "heroism" it comes not once, but then when "Silushka" already gushing over the edge, no one can resist the Russian Knights.

term to describe this form of folklore, introduced in the thirties of the last century and is t

aken from the "Lay" (where the phrase "epic this time").Most of these traditions preserved in the northern part of Russian peasants.Epics (short works are rare), often quite extensive, as narrate the great period of time.


difficult to say when the first historical songs: it seems that they have always been the people.The first documents containing Russian folk epics, dating back to the seventeenth century, and no one can say whether this is caused by illiteracy or the fact that the genre itself did not exist before.

first collection "Legend" was created by order of the Slavs Englishman Richard James, who was interested in the culture of Russia, however, there were only five epics.In the eighteenth century, interest in the genre grows, there is an increasing number of authors who create entire collections of folk songs.The peak of interest falls on the sixties and seventies, the nineteenth century, became fashionable when ordering epics not characters and storytellers on (this is at the northern peoples called keepers of oral creativity).

The most common Russian folk epics, researchers found in Siberia.As a genre are allocated legends of Russian Cossacks.


As with any literary genre epics are characteristic for their canons.It is said that earlier they were performed to the accompaniment of harps, music, though they were few, but in conjunction with the voice of the narrator, they sounded really amazing.Such phenomena as the epic short, did not exist, so each tale was delayed for hours, often it is interrupted to rest both the audience and the narrator.

epic genre of these works suggests a solemn style of narration.He achieved with the help of repetitions (the well-known "long ago" came from there) and synonyms (live-live).It is often repeated whole sentences - at the end of the line and at the beginning of the next.Tellers usually do not focus on some specific places, it is much more important to talk about the "heroic" deeds during sedlaniya horse, for example, the epic provides detailed descriptions of harness horses, equipment of the hero, etc.Frequent and exaggeration of certain characteristics underscore characters.Narrators adored epithets (glorious hero, filthy enemy), some of which eventually became phraseology (Hot Blood).In order to once again highlight the "bright side" used diminutive suffixes (Alyoshenka), whereas for negative characters used suffixes "increase" (tsarische).

Russian folk epics are presented in real time, they are no references to the past or the future.In addition, they usually consist of a composite of three parts: Solo (a kind of entry that has little to do with the narrative itself) introductions (actually the plot) and the ending.

silushku Herculean

The most famous member of this genre of folklore are epics of heroes.Stories about love for Russia, of dedication, of this honor and friendship have always been popular.Such characters as Alyosha Popovich, Dobrynya Nikitich and Ilya Muromets, known to every Russian-speaking person.They popularized even in cartoons, and the smallest to know that "superheroes" are not only in America but also in Russia.Stories of heroes are brought up in children a love for the motherland, the awareness of its value, showing at the same time the historical life of the Old Russian state.


wonderful and rich culture of Russia.Epics, Russian folk tales, proverbs, riddles different - only a small part of all this wealth.Much is still not fully understood, a lot - not understandable to modern man, but in any case we can not deny the value of folklore.Without the past can not be present, and the future is impossible, and only then people will develop properly when learned to appreciate its history.