history of the poem "12" takes its count from one February day, which became a turning point for the fate of Russia.Or maybe even earlier - since the days of Peter Verkhovenskii revolutionary group of "Demons" or Pushkin's famous "on the ruins of autocracy ...".Whatever it was, the creation of the Bloc can be compared to a chronicle of those times - with an eye on what symbolist "Twelve" is very far from any objective reflection of events.
«Intelligentsia and the Revolution»
Block was destined to become a witness to the revolutionary events of 1917-1918 taking place in Petrograd, cold, and all the hardships they suffered.Thus, the poet was even once arrested by the new government - a day that profoundly struck by Alexander.At the same time, he emigrated and even tried to merge their activities in a revolutionary life.This enabled the researchers to consider the last years of the poet as an ardent supporter of the October Revolution.
However, such a statement seems somewhat inaccurate, if you pa
«terrible noise, rising in me and around»
entire history of the poem "12" Block is a bunch of unnumbered pages, which filled the future masterpiece in the last month.The work was written in the same breath that was only a year after the February Revolution.In the words of the Bloc, the history of creation of the poem "12" began with the phrase "Oh, I have a knife WAY!" Researchers have found that originally wrote the second chapter, after it came to light the sixth, seventh, eighth, well, the final chord was the sceneJesus Christ.
no history of its interpretation of the poem "12" Block looks incomplete.If the name of the product, is associated with the apostles, there were originally, the appearance of Jesus was a spontaneous decision.Entries poet from February 1918 testify to this: the evangelical image fancied blocks in the snowstorm.It looks enigmatic remark so the first illustrator of "The Twelve" Yuri Annenkov: "If the upper-left corner of the" murder of Katka "wafted thick snow and through him - Christ - it would be a comprehensive cover."
«Today I am a genius»
... so block marked the end of the work on his work.But does that history of the creation of the poem "12" on this end?Not at all.In March 1918 the brainchild of the poet saw the light, as originally printed in the newspaper "The Banner of Labor," and then went out a separate edition.
Although subsequently for future generations of Soviet school "Twelve" (the poem blocks), the story of the creation of her images and stories were required to memorize, the Bolsheviks initially treated it with suspicion.Apparently, something in the creation of the classic Silver Age they guessed alien, almost counter-revolutionary.
«will serve Antichrist?»
However, even the most cautious and hostile attitude to the poem representatives of the Soviet government did not go to any comparison with the review of the "old" intelligentsia.So, Gumilyov directly said that the poet dosochinil ending with the Gospel, the "served the cause of the Antichrist."Poet declared a traitor, and Kolchak during a conversation with Vyacheslav Ivanov, whether in jest, whether seriously proposed unit hang, when the white army to regain power (though the accuracy of the latter fact is debatable).We also know that Akhmatova refused to take part in literary evenings, if there is going to read a poem Blok.By the way, the poet himself rarely spoke with the reading of "The Twelve."This deals with his wife - a very unfortunate, it should be noted.
ironic thing ...
Such sharply negative reviews from critics can understand: "Twelve", the poem Blok, the history of creation of the new man and the state at the site of the former Russia, the intelligentsia is very aroused apprehension.Some masters of artistic expression still remained on the side of the poet and tried to give his own interpretation of his creation.So, Victor Shklovsky, one of the first to notice the peculiarity of creation stylistics Block, linking it to the influence of popular Russian singer Savoyarova those times.In this feature, by the way, and have Bunin - albeit in a negative context, calling the work of the poet vulgar.
history of the poem "12" was accompanied by grandiose events that soon disappeared.After the noise of the revolution for the Bloc came an ominous silence.He almost did not write poems, many of his ideas have remained unfulfilled.The death of the creative resulted in the death of the physical: the poet did not survive 1921.Rumor has it that before dying in his delirium he wanted, so it was on fire its main creation - the poem "12".History of briefly analyzed in this article, and enthusiasm for the work of the Bloc on several product contrary to this fact.As well as eyewitness departing poet in a better world.