novel "Fathers and Sons", written by JSTurgenev - the product of two generations of conflict, which clearly indicated a contradiction representatives of the old aristocratic culture and supporters of the new views.
historical background of the novel
clash of interests of liberals and revolutionary democrats on the eve of the event in 1861 was reflected in the work of Turgenev.Dispute generations in the novel "Fathers and Sons" is expressed contrasting views of Bazarov and Kirsanov.According to Eugene, from the reform will not be confused.
Kirsanovs represent a leaving aristocratic culture.Bazarov - a supporter of revolutionary-democratic reforms.
dispute generations in the novel "Fathers and Sons" - the situation of the people, the attitude to art, history, literature.In the book, a lot of talk about the contradiction of two generations on a variety of issues related to the system, including human behavior, moral principles.No wonder reviewers have called this novel a work of ideological dispute
dispute generations in literature
Many authors address the issue of conflict of generations.The contradiction between fathers and children is reflected in the novel Pushkin's "Eugene Onegin".Misunderstood is the main character of the novel MULermontov "Hero of Our Time."Single Chatsky Griboyedov in the comedy "Woe from Wit".
In each of these works present dispute generations."Fathers and Sons" - a novel in which this contradiction is the main theme sounds and involves almost all spheres of life.
idea of the abolition of serfdom and the attitude to the nobility
dispute generations in the novel "Fathers and Sons" stresses the need for the abolition of serfdom.The product shows the hard life of serfs, the ignorance of the common people.This idea was voiced by the author at the beginning of the work as a reflection of the poverty of the people of Arcadia and the urgent need to reform the existing regime.Turgenev in the novel reflects on the fate of the country and the people.
author of the novel "Fathers and Sons»
ISTurgenev about the political content of his work says that the idea of it is directed against the nobility and rejects it as the advanced class.The author calls Arkady and his uncle, Paul Petrovich, weak and limited.However, he notes that this is the best representatives of the nobility.This situation shows the failure of the aristocracy.
author notes some advantages of the nobility, but believes it is historically unpromising class.
ideological conflict PPKirsanov and Bazarov
dispute generations in the novel "Fathers and Sons" is especially clearly manifested in the clash of views on the existing order of things Paul Petrovich and Eugenia.
There are four rounds of questions on which debate these heroes.Consider them.
first question - is the ratio of the nobility.Pavel Petrovich believes that the aristocrats - those who contribute to the development of society.Bazarov, in contrast, says that the aristocrats are not able to act and not to benefit society.The nobility, in his opinion, can not contribute to the development of Russia.
second question, causing tension between the characters - it attitude towards nihilism.Bazarov does not recognize any authority and takes nothing for granted.He is independent, has independent thought, it is important for the essence of the problem, not the attitude of the other.However, no matter how practical Bazarov, human feeling it too peculiar.He fell in love with Anna Odintsov and could not help but have a talk with her.However, as rightly pointed out Pavel Petrovich, the ultimate manifestation of nihilism can become a negation of human values and concepts such that can not be questioned.Bazarov rejects religion and morals, and argues mandatory revolutionary action for the benefit of the people.
different views of the two characters on the simple people and their destiny.Pavel Petrovich glorifies patriarchal peasant family, religion.Bazarov said that farmers are ignorant and unable to understand their interests.It should differ from the prejudices of the people's interests.Kirsanov says a lot about the need to serve the fatherland, but lives quietly and contentedly.Bazarov closer than Kirsanov, the common people of their social position: he raznochinets and should work.It should be noted that Eugene does not like to inactivity.Work fascinates him, he has no respect for laziness and idleness.
last question, divisive two characters - a relationship to nature and the arts.Pavel Petrovich bless all that is beautiful.Bazarov is able to see things and events only useful.Nature for him - a workshop where the owner - a man.He denies the achievements of culture and art, since there is no practical benefit.
ratio contemporaries to the novel
generational dispute in the literature - the theme of which was raised by many writers.
However, immediately after the publication of the novel has received critical acclaim both conservatives and democrats.In particular, Antonovich wrote that the market - not that other, as slander on the younger generation.The critic does not see the artistic value of the work.
different attitude to the novel expressed Pisarev.In the article "Bazarov" he justifies indifference to the future hero of the common people.In addition, the author agrees with the ratio of Bazarov to art.
dispute generations in the writings of many authors - the theme is not new.However, it should be noted that in the novel are discussed in greater degree the ideological clashes between fathers and children, and the contradictions of the nobility and the commoners, who represent the future of the country.