Sports term "slalom" - a designation for the speed of movement on a certain route, as a rule, very tortuous.Translated from the Norwegian language it means "trail on the hillside."Slalom - it is a sport that can be:
slalom for the first time in 1767 in Norway, held competitions for skiers on an unusual route.He was laid on the forest slope, overgrown with bushes.Separately, the first start for slalom was organized in 1879 (also in Norway).Competition area became Mount Gubsi located near this Oslo.
Still, the first full-scale ski competitions (since 1905) began to hold the Austrians in the Alps.The program of the World Cup skiing in 1931 already included a slalom and in 1936 skiing became an Olympic.At the Olympic Games play awards separately for men and women athletes, skiers.
Feel the speed of descent and dangerous adventure in the summer will help rowing slalom.Competing on the water kayaking or canoeing on the Olympic Games athletes
Competitions are held in the areas of natural rivers and artificial water routes with a water flow rate of not less than 2 meters per second.In this sport there are subtleties and nuances.The athlete steers the boat by tilting your body in different planes in combination with jewelry possession paddle.
Trails are divided into 5 levels of difficulty.It depends on the flow rate, the length of the track, the number and complexity barriers.Some of them are built in such a way that the participants need to be overcome, swimming against the tide.
Basically path length ranges from 250 to 400 meters, the number of obstacles ranging from 18 to 25 with difficulty to the 3rd category.Maximum distance in the slalom is 800 meters away (25-30 obstacles).
By types of boats are divided into kayaks and canoes.Generally they are made of plastic.Boats have to be fast and easily manageable.To manage the athletes are required:
- excellent coordination;
- lightning reaction;
- developed tactical thinking;
- physical endurance.
Mountains and slalom
most spectacular slalom - a mountain.He, in turn, is divided into several distinct species:
- giant slalom;
- parallel giant.
All these disciplines are skiing.In addition, the mountain can be carried slalom snowboarding.This is a fairly young sport.Snowboarders, unlike skiers are on the monoski sideways to the track.Olympic discipline slalom snowboarding became only the end of the 90s.
All the tracks meet certain requirements to be a particular type of event.With regard to discipline, "slalom", is:
- path length (the largest - in the giant slalom, to 1,000 meters);
- height difference (maximum rate - 300 meters);
- number of turns on the track is at least 11%, maximum - 15% of the drop height;
- Door width - not less than four and not more than 8 meters.
average speed on the route of descent is 40 km / h, and the super-G and snowboarder can accelerate to 100 kilometers per hour.For comparison - skiing speed may be 150 km / h.
Slalom spend and Paralympics.Since 2014 these subjects was six.Beyond the usual (slalom, giant slalom, super-G, Super Combined, Downhill) was added and slalom snowboarding.Despite the complexity of its development and the risk of injury, the popularity of the slalom in all its forms is not reduced.