«In the fairy tale - a lie, so it ..." With the extension of this well-known and several quotes familiar floated all Russian readers.This comprehensive definition of Pushkin fairy tale is relevant to the present time, because for many, the genre remains the standard infinite wisdom, concluded in simple shapes and images.Such works are remembered for the rest of adult life.One of them - the book "Three Fat Men" - considered in this article.
Although the literary heritage Olesha, consisting of the above-mentioned stories, the novel "Envy", short stories and plays, quite small, its place in Russian literature he deserved.The future writer was born in Elisavetgrad (present Kirovograd), but his childhood and youth spent in Odessa.His surroundings were eminent writers like Bagritsky and Kataev.Together with them, he moved to Moscow, which had just departed from the revolutionary events.There, he met with writers who arrived in the capital from Kiev (for example, Bulgakov), arranged in
book "Three Fat Man" was written during 1924.The author of the idea arose when the window of a neighboring house saw the girl Valya Gryunzayd who read Andersen's fairy tales.The writer promised her that he would create something like that, and then, without thinking about the issues the party line, set to work.
creative process took place in the building of the "Buzzer", which served as part-time shelter for homeless writers.Olesha recalled with pleasure ever rocked the barrel, which prevented the writer.With one hand, he had to hold unruly element beggar decoration printing, and the other to create a book on the rolls.In the end the fairy tale "The Three Fat Man" was written and sent to print.
component of the story from the first page the reader is immersed in a fictional country, which is ruled by three Podge.They state that is divided into rich and poor, are gradually maturing revolution.One of its ideological inspirers - gunsmith Prospero - goes to prison.But freedom is still his friend, Tibul tightrope walker, who is hiding from the all-seeing guards Dr. Gaspar, sympathetic to the poor.Revolutionary learns of a hidden underground passage leading straight to the palace Tolstyakov ...
Meanwhile guards break doll heir rulers boy Tutti.Broken toys give Gaspar, who should fix it for the night, otherwise it waits for the death penalty.Knowing that the order can not be performed, the doctor carries the doll back to the palace, but on the road it loses.Looking for a toy, he stumbles upon a van artists, where he meets a girl Swauk similar as two drops of water on the loss.Girl on the initiative Tibula gets into the palace and releases Prospero.For this she faces the death penalty, but revolutionaries, ultimately luck: Guards are on their side, and unfair power to throw.Here and fairy tales end.
Characters ideological level, intertextuality
image of the heroine tales - Swauk - was associated with a dramatic event for the writer.The critics, writing in "Three Fat Men" reviews of the book, could not help but notice that the girl's name is consonant with the names of Olga Swauk - Oleshi wife.This was pointed out by the writer himself in the dedication of a few to a dissembling and readers, because until the end of his days he remained in love with the younger sister, wife, Seraphim.She reciprocated, however, being by nature a particular fickle, constantly went on Oleshi.The last of its men became notorious Viktor Shklovsky, and Yuri, harassed amorous feelings, married Olga.The image of the girl-doll is not only personal, but also a literary basis.Suffice it to recall the cardboard characters from "The Puppet Show" Bloc of Olympia or the famous "Sandman" Hoffmann.
If Soviet critic, going on to write "Three Fat Men" review, be sure to be emphasized revolutionary product, the modern interpretation of the permit to go deep in the problematic level of fairy tales.For example, the motif of man's struggle with the machine is connected with the already mentioned manner dolls, as well as sharpened with Prospero scientists Tubom.He has created a mechanical girl and refused by order to forge Tolstyakov Tutti mechanical heart.There is an obvious reference to the slips famous scene in "The Snow Queen" by Andersen.
Tutti throughout the narrative as it moves from the "mechanical" to "living" world.Although the idea heart fails, the fat restricted social circle heir wild animals and mechanical doll.No coincidence that latent desire to discover the real life of the boy, even manifested in the form of an ugly, guardsman moved when he stabbed his sword mechanical analog Swauk.The loss of the boy began to cry, and it is for fat represented a greater danger than all the speeches of the revolutionary Prospero.Emotions incurred by Tutti, showed the presence of a soul, and thus, the plan magnates remained unfulfilled.
After the fairy tale "Three Fat Men" was supposed to lie in the table Olesha three years.As you know, all the fantastic is not very welcome in those days.Future builders of communism can not exactly read like fairy tales such as "The Three Fat Men."Reviews of the book were negative - well, this was expected.So, one of the few reviews called this: "How not to write books for children."But now it seems surprising, as the authority expressionist, far from the aesthetics of social realism novel "Envy" was able to contribute to the publication of the fairy tale writer in 1928.
Review L. Chukovskaia
In 1940, the second time there were published "Three Fat Men."Reviews of the book again were generally negative.Among them are review Lydia Chukovskaia that, noticing the undoubted merits of the book (the presence of an exciting plot), argued that the fairy tale "cold".According to critics, it can not cause sympathy for the main characters, as opposed to the same works of Mark Twain.Lydia sostoyallo main accusation is that his works Olesha - "Three Fat Men", "Envy" and stories - had fed excessive attention to things ....So, for such interest to inanimate objects it had to be concealed indifference to the people.
Although ideological fairy tale has been sustained, more extravagant turns - like "Rose poured out like compote" - significantly impedes the perception of the main theme, that is the people's struggle against the oppressors.However, it is hardly worth creating personal opinion of the writer, to rely on these observations and comments: "Three Fat Men" Olesha wrote on the eve of expressionist manner of "Envy", which became the hallmark of Russian literature of the 20s.Especially itself Chukovskaia Lydia unwittingly demonstrated their command this style, referring to the "vagaries of the story," drowning in a waterfall and mountains syrup sugar.
Osip Mandelstam appreciated the "Three Fat Men."Reviews of the book (or rather, review), the poet started from the assumption that if a fairy tale would Oleshi was translated, that would be of any Russian readers caught himself and admitted that he was not aware of such a skillful author.Meanwhile Mandelstam noted with bitterness that their fear of criticism flattered the young author decided to do a fairy tale party.And absolutely nothing, because it's prose on a European scale, which will be read by adults and children.
product Oleshi and modernity
As you can see, the prophecies come true Mandelstam.Tale of Tibule and Swauk proved timeless.She filmed, we created a theatrical version, the book with the inscription "J.Olesha "Three Fat Men", "adorn the shelves of libraries and shops, which once again demonstrates the interest on the part of the reading public to this product.