In this article we will introduce you to a very interesting author - representative of Russian literature.We will describe his biography and creativity.Prishvin Mikhail (years of life - 1873-1954) was born in 1873, in January.He was born on the estate of Khrushchev, located in the province of Orel.Life and work Prishvina we describe consecutively in chronological order.
family future writer - came from the merchants.Dreamy and deceived his father, who died early, and his mother, poetic, tender, but at the same time, hard-working, practical, strong-willed, - both parents had a great influence on the formation of the character of the future writer.
revolutionary ideas in the life and work Prishvina
Michael Early childhood passed in the village, where he observed the concerns and needs of the peasants.About learning in Elets gymnasium and later in Tyumen real school of the writer tells us in the novel "Kashcheeva chain", which is autobiographical.
From this work, we learn, and how student Prishvi
life in Europe
Prishvin pages the life and work which pose a lot of curious, after the link is sent to continue his studies abroad in 1900.Living in Europe, of course, could not affect the formation of his inner world.Mikhail sensitively perceived culture of Western Europe.He admired Goethe, loved the music of Wagner and Nietzsche saw in the books of the fusion of philosophy and poetry.Prishvin graduated from Faculty of Philosophy in Leipzig (1902).During this time he really went away from participating in the political struggle, as he realized that it is incapable of.Revolution frightened Mikhail, he was a dreamer, not a fighter.
First Love Prishvina
At the same time happened to one of the most important events in the life of the writer.He met in Paris female students from Russia.Biography and work Prishvina reflect the effect of this girl, which we will tell you now.In the "chain Kashcheeva" tells the story of love and break with this student, who declined Prishvin, realizing that he is unable to "look into the soul" of the other.Mikhail had to first learn how to love, "to become her husband," and not just admire the beauty of women.That is, should first spiritually mature.It was this woman in many respects did Mikhail writer, as he himself confessed, saying that all his poetic experiences come from two sources: the love and childhood.
village life, marriage
Within a few years, after returning home, Michael Prishvin lives in the village, where he worked as an agronomist, is also involved in research work in the field of agriculture.He decided to live as live "all good people", abandoning his hopes for personal happiness.Prishvin married to "simple and illiterate" peasant woman, who became his assistant.
Home literary work
Unexpectedly for himself, at age 33, Mikhail aware of their vocation to the literary work.Then he abruptly changes lifestyle, becoming a reporter published in St. Petersburg newspaper "Russian Gazette".Here, since 1905 he frequently publishes notes and sketches of peasant life.The fact that the career of this writer began with journalism, was of great importance for the writer Prishvina: in essays and articles, he honed his skills, he studied briefly express thoughts, and learned the art of expression and accuracy of language.
Mikhail also wrote fiction, novels and short stories.But only one story called "Sasha" was published in 1906 in "The Spring" - a children's magazine.From the other editions of the manuscript back not given Prishvin "complex psychological thing."The writer plagued with failures.
Prishvin then decided to take a letter of the Geographical Society, which went to the North (Norway and Karelia, 1907).He has long attracted the writer's his secret, and Mikhail two summers exploring this wonderful world.Life and work Prishvina at this time have been very active.He brought back from his travels recording fairy tales and legends, a notebook with travel notes, as well as numerous photographs.In addition, it was read by the scientific report, and then Prishvina elected member of the Russian Geographical Society and received the silver medal.
two books of essays
book of essays "For koloboks magic" and "In the land not frightened birds" were a kind of a report on its travels.The latter seemed to be not very successful writer, in his opinion, it was too scientific.He considered it his creative beginning is the first book in which were placed essays about the life of taiga farmers and fishermen, as well as the harsh northern nature.However, it reminded the product, besides, and a fascinating story.Getting it corresponded to the genre: "In a kingdom ..." But in this fairy tale does not overshadow the truthful description of the life of miserable people of the North, his ignorance.The writer, however, reveals above all the beauty in these people talking about their closeness to nature, human dignity, nobility.
travel and other works written about these trips
artist every year, writes books and travels.Life and work Prishvina at this time are closely interrelated.So, after he visited the Kerzhensky forest left "Light the lake."In the essay "Black Arab" and "Adam and Eve" reflected the experience of visiting Central Asia.The book "Glorious diamonds" came after a trip to the Crimea.
product "Black Arab" the author himself called "festive".Prishvin was not bound when creating specific task wording, so was able to turn household stuff in oriental fairy tale, having built his work on the idea of the fantastic transformation of the traveler and the terrain.The image of the traveler's interest, he disguised himself as a man who took a vow of silence.This book is very musical and picturesque.Readers were delighted with it, and Gorky even offered to publish a three-volume collected works of Mikhail Mikhailovich in "knowledge."
Fame, rapprochement with the modernists
Prishvina name to the top of the First World War was in literary circles is widely known.Creation of this writer appreciated many of his contemporaries, such as Bunin, A. Block, A. Remizov, M. Gorky, Z. Gippius, V. Bruce.Especially Prishvin made friends with writers-modernists.He found support for and participation in their environment, in their printed editions.Teacher he called his Remizov.The modernists Mikhail drew attention to art, creativity and high requirements to be met by the way.It is known that Prishvina idea was novel called "Turn of the Century", it was his plan, preserved in the archive individual "pieces" and sketches.This idea, unfortunately, was not implemented.
sending to the front as a correspondent
writer after the start of World War I went to the front as a newspaper correspondent.Illusions him that this war can bring together government and the people dispersed quickly.Prishvin begins to protest against many of the countless victims that she had brought.The war is inhuman - that's the basic idea of his essays and articles.
Prishvin part of the association "The Scythians"
Writer, as the bulk of the progressive intellectuals of our country at the time, warmly welcomed the February revolution.He soon entered into a union of "Scythians", which belonged to writers such as E. Zamyatin, Remizov, Nikolai Klyuev, S. Yesenin, A. White, V. Bruce and others who share the view of the history of the Left SRs.They focused on the Russian countryside, peasants and not of the proletariat, as well as trying to "connect" with socialism Christianity.
Prishvina Life and work in the first years after the October Revolution
- an event that affected the fate of many people, including the author's of interest to us.A brief chronicle of the life and work of M. Prishvina in the first years after the October next.
After the revolution, Mikhail started working with prints SRs - Newspaper "Early Morning", "The will of the people", "Business people" - before closing them as a counter-revolutionary.
In the period from 1918 to 1919 in Yelets, he works as a teacher of the Russian language, the organizer of the local history of the case.In 1920, he leaves the city with his family at home.In Smolensk province the writer worked as director of the school and teacher.He also organized in the former estate Baryshnikov Museum manor life.
period from 1922 to 1924 is marked by the following events.Mikhail moved with his family near Moscow, in Taldom district.Here he is working on a book called "shoe", and began to write the autobiographical "Kashcheeva chain" of which we have already mentioned.There are short stories about nature, hunting stories.
In 1925, the writer moved to Pereslavl-Zaleski, engaged in local history work.It turns out a book called "Springs Berendey" - one of the most famous works, which fully reflected the natural world in the works of Michael Prishvina.The book tells about the people with whom he lived and worked.It is seen Prishvina special approach to the disclosure of the nature and man.The author emphasizes the relationship with the world of people, saying that all the elements of the natural world entered a man.In many respects, this world defines our class, even appearance.Trees and animals - prototypes people.Nature in the lyrical miniatures endowed with the characteristics of the human inner world.I do not understand the philosophy of nature Prishvina impossible deeply read the works written by him.It is distinguished from other writers is that with this topic it links all the main issues raised in the books.The essence of human existence is revealed through the images of nature.
1930 in the life and work Prishvina
In 1931, in the spring, Prishvin sent on a trip to the Urals on the instructions of the magazine "Our achievements", which at that time worked.In the autumn of the same year - the Far East, where he continued his life and work Prishvin.
book "My essay" appears in 1933 with a foreword by Maxim Gorky.Essays on materials travel to the North were written at the same time and are called "Fathers and Sons."Tale of "Root of Life" (another name - "Ginseng") was published in the journal "Red Virgin Soil" in the same year.In this book, the poetry of his contemporaries saw the transformation of life through art that was in tune with the whole pathos of the literature of the Soviet period.However, if the majority of contemporary writers Prishvina talked about the collective labor (farms, factories, buildings), Mikhail wrote about the organization of the reserve deer.His characters - the Chinese and Russian.The story describes their work and lives, their relationships.The basic idea - unity of people of different nationalities.
Prishvina criticized the fact that he deliberately moved away from contemporary reality, not depicted in the work of the historical era (in the beginning of the century is an action of the story).However, both were important writers to express their own ideas about creativity.The poem, written by him, fanned romanticism of labor "blessed" relatedness between different people, as well as nature and man.Ginseng - is a source of youth and health, the root of life, but at the same time it is a spiritual source that helps to identify the person way of life.For the first time the author has been linked with the history of his own biography of a fictional person who during the Russian-Japanese War was to the Far East.Autobiographical and one of the most important motives for the work - a sense of nagging pain that permeates the hero at the memory of his first love, as well as newfound joy when happiness is lost in another woman.All this reflects the biography of Michael Prishvina briefly described by us.
continue our story.In 1934, still a number of important events marked his life and work.Prishvin MM sent to explore the automobile business in Gorky, and then travels to the northern forests.Impressions of the nature of these places have been reflected in the essays "Berendeeva thicket", as well as in the book for children "The beast chipmunk."
In 1939, the writer was awarded the Order "Badge of Honor" and the following year married VD Lebedeva and spent the summer in the Moscow region, in the village of Tyazhin.There are works of "Forest drops", "Phacelia" as well as a cycle called "Grandfather's boots."
Life and work of the writer during the Second World War
During World War II, in August 1941, the writer was evacuated from the capital of the Yaroslavl region, the village Usolye.In 1942, work continues on the third part of the novel "Kashcheeva chain."In 1943 there were published "Tales of the Leningrad children."In connection with the 70th anniversary of the writer he was awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labor.
Chronicles the life and work of M. Prishvina this period is marked by the following further developments.In the summer of 1945, he lived in Pushkino, near Moscow, where it was created, "Pantry of the Sun".The collection of "Golden Meadow" appeared in 1948.
In 1952, the writer resumes work on "Kashcheeva chain", the third part.
January 16, 1954 - a date that ends his life and work.Prishvin M. died in Moscow.
Ratings creativity and personality Prishvina
Mikhail - a kind of writer.Controversial causing life and work Prishvina his contemporaries.About him wrote a lot Bakhtin appreciated Prishvina Bokov, Kazakov, Kozhin.Very spoke about the work of Twardowski Mikhail Sokolov, Mikita, Platonov.However, the writer believed in the love and understanding of the children, and today readers Prishvina really very much.
sincerely glad Mikhail when readers met in understanding spoken frequently writes for the reader-friend who is able to co-creation.Often they visited him in his last years and Dudin and Moscow are admirers of his talent as S. Marshak A. Yashin, Vladimir Shishkov, Sun.Ivanov, Fedin.Prishvin saw "the reader" in Paustovskii, very near to the writer of "the spirit of creativity."Makes them lyricism, love of nature, and heightened attention to artistic expression.K. spoke enthusiastically about Paustovsky diary that for half a century M. Prishvin.He believed that two or three lines of it would be enough for a whole book, if they expand.
Many writers are known, kept diaries.However Prishvin considered working on it the main business of life.Publish managed to some recordings of which were born "Tinkerbell", "The eyes of the earth", "Forest drops", "Phacelia".However, during his lifetime, and for a long time after his death it could not have been published most of the records as they considered ideologically incorrect, erroneous views.In the diary writer she grieved, reflected, recorded signs of the times, talk to people.From the records, you can learn a lot about the life of our country in the first half of the 20th century.
MM Prishvin today
originality of creativity M. Prishvina is now appreciated.Today readers this author is really a lot.The life and work of Mikhail Mikhailovich Prishvina written much.Quickly sold out leaving the publication of books Mikhail Mikhailovich, he is remembered and loved in his native Yelets, in Tyumen, where he studied, as well as in Karelia, on which traveled a lot, and Dongying, where he spent the last years of the writer's life.
Today the curriculum necessarily includes works of a writer as Prishvin.Life and Work (Grade 6, the curriculum for literature) is studied in all schools of the country.Although the hours devoted to this topic is not very much.We consider a brief biography of MM Prishvina.For children is enough.Maybe later in life have a desire to become more closely acquainted with the life and work of the author is so interesting.This article is written just for those who want to know more details about the life and work of Mikhail Mikhailovich, which do not tell in high school.