One of the most difficult realizations for the readers of biographies of great people - this is the simple fact that they were just people.Creativity, a brilliant flight of thought - this is just one facet of the personality.Yes, children will see it is - but it is only one single face.Others may be far from ideal.Many unflattering contemporaries wrote about Pushkin, Lermontov, about Dostoevsky.I was no exception and Marina Tsvetaeva.The life and work of this poet were in constant deep inner conflict.
Tsvetaeva - Muscovite.It is here 09.26.1892, she was born.Midnight on Saturday, the feast of St. John the Theologian.Tsvetaeva, always sensitive to coincidences and dates, especially those that are added exotic and dramatic, often noted this fact, saw it as a hidden sign.
family was quite wealthy.His father - a professor, scholar and critic.The mother - a pianist, she is creative and enthusiastic.She always wanted to see in children the germs of the future genius, instilled a love of music
Education and training
Tsvetaeva received an excellent education, knew several languages, lived with her mother in Germany, Italy and Switzerland, where she was treating tuberculosis.At age 16, he visited Paris to listen to lectures on the classic Old French literature.
When Marina was 14, his mother died.The father paid a lot of attention to children: Marina,
her two sisters and brother.But he did give more children than education.Perhaps that is why Tsvetaeva's work bears the imprint of early maturity and obvious emotional infantilism.
Many friends of the family noted that the Marina has always been very amorous and enthusiastic child.Too much emotion, too much passion.Emotion overwhelmed Marina, she could not control them, and did not want to.It is one that is not taught, on the contrary, encouraged by putting a sign of a creative nature.Marina is not in love - deified object of their feelings.And this ability to revel in his own feelings, to enjoy them, using as fuel for creativity, Marina kept forever.Love in Tsvetaeva always exalted, dramatic, enthusiastic.Not feeling and admiring them.
write poetry Marina started early, at age six.Already in the 18 years has published a collection of his own - on their own money, he wrote an article critical of enthusiastic, dedicated Bryusov.It was another of its distinctive feature - the ability to truly admire the literary idols.In conjunction with the undeniable gift of epistolary this feature has helped Marina tie familiarity with many famous poets of the time.She admired not only poetry, but also writers, and wrote about his feelings so sincerely, that the literary review turned into a declaration of love.Much later, Pasternak's wife, reading correspondence with Tsvetaeva's husband, demanded an immediate cease communication - too intimate and passionate words sounded poet.
But this was Marina Tsvetaeva.Creativity, emotions, enthusiasm and love was for her life, not only in poetry but in his letters.That was her problem - not as a poet and as a man.It is not just a feeling, it feeds on emotions.
delicate mechanism of her talent working for love, happiness and despair as a fuel, burning them.But any feelings for any relationship requires at least two.Those who are faced with Tsvetaeva, who fell under the influence of her dazzling, like a sparkler fire, feelings, always eventually becomes unhappy, like all great however at first.Unfortunately was Tsvetaeva.Life and work in her life too closely intertwined.It hurt people, and she was not aware of this.More precisely, it is considered natural.Just another victim on the altar of art.
In 19 years, Tsvetaeva met a young handsome brunette.Sergei Efron was smart effect ladies enjoyed the attention.Soon Marina and Sergei became husband and wife.Many of those who knew the poet noted that at first marriage, she was happy.In 1912 she gave birth to a daughter Ariadne.
But the life and work of Marina Tsvetaeva could exist only at the expense of each other.Or life devoured poetry or poetry - life.Collected in 1913 largely consisted of old poems and new was needed passion.
Family Happiness Marina lacked.Conjugal love quickly become boring, Tsvetaeva require new fuels, new experiences and agony - the more, the better.
difficult to say whether this leads to actually change.Marina fond, flashed with emotion and write, write, write ... Of course, the unfortunate Sergei Efron could not see it.Marina did not consider it necessary to conceal his enthusiasm.Furthermore, involvement in the emotional whirlwind of another person only added to the drama, to raise passions.This was the world in which she lived Tsvetaeva.Topics creativity of the poet, it is bright, impetuous, passionate sensuality, sounding verses - they were two parts of one whole.
In 1914 Tsvetaeva learned that love can be not only men.Sofia Parnok, a talented poet and a brilliant translator, Russian Sappho, seriously fascinated Marina.She left her husband inspired and carried away by a sudden kinship sounding in unison.Two years lasted this strange friendship, ecstatic love and tender adoration.It is possible the connection was really platonic.Emotions - what needed Marina Tsvetaeva.The life and work of this poet like the endless pursuit of the object of love - for love itself.Happy or unhappy, mutual and unrequited, for a man or a woman - does not matter.It is only important ecstasy feelings.Tsvetaeva wrote Parnok dedicated poems, which later included in the collection "Girlfriend."
In 1916, the relationship ended, Tsvetaeva returned home.Meekly Efron understood and forgiven.
Next year the two events occur simultaneously: Sergey Efron went to the front as part of the White Army, and Marina is born second daughter, Irina.
However, the story of the patriotic impulse Efron is not so clear.Yes, he came and noble family, was a hereditary Narodnaya Volya, his belief in full compliance with the ideals of the White movement.
But there was one more thing.Also in 1914, Tsvetaeva wrote poignant poems dedicated to his brother Sergei, Peter.He had been ill - consumption, as well as the mother Tsvetaeva.And he is seriously ill.He is dying.Tsvetaeva, whose life and work - emotions flame lights up the man.It is unlikely that this can be considered novel in the normal sense of the word - but love is obvious.It is a painful passion is watching the rapid extinction of the young man.He writes to him - as it can, hot and sensual, passionate.He goes to his hospital.Intoxicated stranger fading, intoxicated with his own lofty feelings of pity and tragedy, Marina devotes more time to this man and soul than her husband and daughter.Because emotions are so bright, such blinding such dramatic - these are the main themes of creativity Tsvetaeva.
must have felt Sergei Efron?The man who from her husband turned into a nuisance.My wife is torn between his girlfriend strange and dying brother, wrote passionate poems and shrugs off Efron.
In 1915, Ephron decides to become a nurse and go to the front.He goes to classes, she finds work on a hospital train.What was it?Conscious dictated the choice of a conviction or an act of desperation?
Marina suffering and experiencing, it is torn, it does not find a place for himself.However, Tsvetaeva from it only wins.Poems dedicated to her husband at that time, one of the most penetrating and terrible.Despair, longing and love - in these lines the whole world.
Passion, corrodes the soul, spills into verses in this - all of Tsvetaeva.Biography and creativity of the poetess form each other, creating a sense of poetry and events, and events - poetry and feeling.
When in 1917 Ephron, ending the school warrant, leaving the front, Marina left alone with two children.
What happened then, Tsvetaeva biographers try to be silent.The youngest daughter of the poetess Irina dies from hunger.Yes, in those days it was not uncommon.But in this case, the situation was very strange.Marina itself has repeatedly said she did not like the younger child.Contemporaries claimed that she beat the girl, called crazy and stupid.Maybe the child did have a psychological disorder and may have impacted the persecution of the mother.
In 1919, when the products become really bad, Tsvetaeva decides to send their children to a sanatorium on gosobespechenii.The poet never liked to engage in domestic turmoil, they irritated her, aroused anger and despair.Unable to withstand the trouble with two sick children, it is, in fact, gives them shelter.And then, knowing that there is almost no feed, food is only one - the elder, beloved.Unhappy weakened a child of three can not withstand hardships and die.This Tsvetaeva herself, apparently fed if not normal, bearable.Force enough to work, to edit already written earlier.The very same Tsvetaeva talked about the tragedy: not enough love for a child.Just did not have enough love.
This was Marina Tsvetaeva.Creativity, feelings and aspirations of the soul are more important to her living people who are nearby.Anyone who was too close to the fire of creativity Tsvetaeva were singed.
said that the poet was a victim of persecution and repression, did not survive the test of poverty and deprivation.But in light of the tragedy in 1920 is obvious - most of the pain and agony endured by Tsvetaeva - her fault.Wittingly or unwittingly, but her.Tsvetaeva never considered it necessary to keep their feelings and desires in check, she was a creator - and it was all said.The whole world is served for her workshop.It is hard to expect from the surrounding Marina people to perceive this attitude with enthusiasm.Genius - is, of course, wonderful.But from the side.Those who believe that the creators have to endure similar indifference, cruelty, and self-love out of respect for the talent, just do not live in such conditions.And hardly have the right to judge.
Read the book with brilliant poetry - is one thing.To die of hunger when my mother did not consider it necessary to feed you, just because she does not like you - is quite another.Yes, creativity Akhmatova and Tsvetaeva - masterpieces of the poetry of the Silver Age.But that does not mean necessarily that the poets were good people.
With all the features of the character of Tsvetaeva, for all her household, practical impracticality Efron still loved her.Once the war in Europe, he called out to his wife and daughter.Tsvetaeva went.For a time they lived in Berlin, then three years - near Prague.There, in the Czech Republic, Tsvetaeva had another affair - with Konstantin Rodzevich.Again the fire of passion, besides poetry.Tsvetaeva's work has been enriched by two new poems.
biographers justify this passion fatigue poet, her despair and depression.Rodzevich Tsvetaeva saw a woman, and Marina so yearned for love and admiration.It sounds quite convincing.If you do not think about the fact that Tsvetaeva lived in a country that was starving.Tsvetaeva, in its own admission, was the cause of her daughter's death.Marina often fond of other men, and not only men, forgetting about her husband.And after all that he did his best to help his wife to get out of a starving country.I do not throw it - although, of course, could not.Do not divorced arrival.No.He gave her shelter, food and to live in peace.Of course, what really nothing to romance ... it's boring.Everyday.What a difference a new fan.
European hobbies Tsvetaeva
According to some contemporaries, Tsvetaeva's son, George - not a child Efron.It is believed that the boy's father could be Rodzevich.However, precise information on this point.Those who doubted the paternity Efron did not like Marina, considered it extremely unpleasant, difficult and unscrupulous man.Consequently, with all the possible explanations, they chose the most unpleasant, discrediting the name of the poet.Were they the reason for such dislike?Maybe.Should I trust this source?No.Prejudice - the enemy of truthfulness.
Besides Rodzevich not only served as a subject of fascination for Tsvetaeva.It was then that she led a scandalous correspondence with Pasternak, which interrupted the wife of the latter, finding outrageous, outspoken.Since 1926 Marina wrote Rilke, and the fellowship lasts for a long time - until the death of the legendary poet.
life in exile Tsvetaeva unpleasant.She longs for Russia, he wants to come back, complaining of the disorder and loneliness.Homeland in Tsvetaeva in those years became the leading theme.Marina fascinated prose, she writes about Voloshin, about Pushkin, about Andrew White.
husband during this time became interested in the ideas of communism, he has revised its attitude to the Soviet regime, and even decided to take part in underground activities.
1941 - Suicide
not one Marina ill return to their homeland.Daughter, Ariadne, too eager home - and it really allowed to enter the USSR.Then returns home Efron, by that time zameshenny of murder with political overtones.And in 1939, after 17 years of emigration, Tsvetaeva finally, also returns.The joy was short-lived.In August of the same year, Ariadne was arrested in November - Sergei.Efron in 1941 was shot Ariadne received 15 years imprisonment on charges of espionage.Their fate Tsvetaeva it never was able to learn - just hoped that closer still alive.
In 1941, war broke out, a marina with sixteen son went to Yelabuga, in the evacuation.She has no money, no work, inspired poet left.Exhausted, frustrated, lonely Tsvetaeva broke down and was 08/31/1941 committed suicide - hanged.
She was buried in the local cemetery.The exact location is not known resting place of poet -only roughly the area where there are several graves.It was many years later a memorial monument.Single point of view about the exact place of burial Tsvetaeva not.