When the "tear" romance and exciting detective stories, chilling novel mystical and fantastic story bored, it's time literary non-fiction.What is this genre, whose popularity, according to information publishers, is growing every year?What are its features and for whom it is interesting?We will try to answer all these questions in this article.
Genre literature: what is it?
most general classification of all literature - a division of it into art and the rest - non-fiction (non-fiction).In works such as novels, stories, plays, stories, attributed to the literature, is bound to have invented fictitious characters and plot.They are poetic and prosaic.In turn, all the artistic literary works are divided into categories such as intellectual prose and genre literature.
Unlike fiction, non-fiction literature is not using fictional stories, stories and characters, and it is represented:
- memoirs and other forms.
What is a non-fiction?
Let's look at the definition of non-fiction, what it is.As already mentioned, in this literature is fictional events and facts, as it is artistic and journalistic literary genre in which the author through the prism of his aesthetic, ethical and imaginative perceptions, documented and realistic account of the facts is the characters and events.Since this literature, that is, an art of words, the writer uses a composite organization of the text, and different methods of disclosure of the images presented in the work.Thus, non-fiction - a literary work, is tied to the concrete and real facts of life.
When there was non-fiction?
Most sources time of appearance of the term "non-fiction" and first works attributed to this genre is considered to be 1965, when she published the book "In Cold Blood," Truman Capote.As to when the new term, we will not argue, but as they are usually called today, travelogues or travel notes (such as Radishchev "Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow", "frigate" Pallada "," Goncharov or Gertsenovskie"My Past and Thoughts") were created long before the second half of XX century.Here are just reading out them, we had no idea that this is the best Russian non-fiction books!
will not argue and call a few modern classics of the genre.First of all, we should mention Stephen Hawking, one of the most famous contemporary theoretical physicists.Through his books in the genre of science non-fiction big part of earthlings learned about black holes and their properties.
with Capote "In Cold Blood" is considered a classic novel-reportage.Thomas Wolfe with a sensational second half of the last century books, research «The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test» and «The Kandy-Kolored Tangerine-Flake Streamline Baby» created a new area of research and experimental nonfiction.
Types of non-fiction
Answering the question of non-fiction - that it is important to remember about her versatile, since it is not only a variety of popular science and reference books, it also includes anddescribe the countries and cities, travel notes, essays and journalism.The works of this genre can be quite entertaining to talk about difficult things, for example, in the Soviet book series "Eureka" was issued more than 300 books, accessible and interesting to tell of various sciences and their history.Others, such as, for example, the book "Glass" N. Katchalov or "Cure for boredom, or history of ice cream," Bogdanov, can be devoted to scientific research of the most ordinary and familiar to us things.
Located at the intersection of journalism and literature genre of non-fiction has several classifications, but we will look at the one that is commonly used in the book publishing "kitchen»:
- biographies and memoirs;
- documentary chronicles;
- travel notes (travelogues);
- technical documentation.
recent trends are electronic publishing non-fiction, allowing to quickly get interesting information.
We're concerned, however, slightly superficial features of non-fiction genre.What it is?Briefly list the main characteristics:
- no fictional stories and characters;
- a story about the events going through the personal worldview of the author;
- the use of various artistic techniques and dramatic;
- construction works of dramatic composition principle "scene by scene."
Who is this issue?
In Soviet times, was issued a lot of non-fiction and fiction titles, memoirs and biographies.Suffice it to recall such a wonderful series of books as ZHZL - "Life of Remarkable People" (published by "Young Guard"), "The history of science and technology", "Pages of history of our country", "Library" Quantum "(published by" Science ").And today is hardly any major Russian publishing house, non-fiction will not be published.One of the leaders of the Russian market "factual" literature - publishing "UFO" - publishes books in the genre of living history, grouping them into a series of "everyday culture", and "Eksmo" leave the series "Biographies of the great.Unexpected view "," Memoirs - XXI Century "," The women of the Silver Age. "Publishing House "AST-Press" produces the series "Science and peace" Tutorials "Languages without Borders", publishing "Kuchkovo field" publishes memoirs, and the company "Kolibri" - a series of "thing in itself", a book that talks about the simple thingssuch as salt and other."Ajax press" publishes a series of guides "Instructions for use".